List of illustrations

  • View of Athens with Acropolis and Mount Lycabettos in the distance
  • Female figurine
  • Map of Greece showing mineral resources
  • Funerary statue of Kroisos
  • Ostraka from the Athenian Agora with names of Aristeides, Themistokles, Kimon and Perkles
  • Scheme of the phalanx
  • Towers and wall, Aigosthena
  • Trojan horse, detail of relief amphora
  • The body of Sarpedon stripped of its armour
  • Warriors arming, details of a kalyx krater
  • Red-figure cup, interior
  • Statue of Athena, Parthenon, interior reconstruction
  • Pericles, herm portrait
  • Young men training with the discus, exterior of a cup
  • Red-figure cup, exterior (side b)
  • Red-figure cup, interior
  • Scheme of the Iliad
  • Amphora (the "Dipylon Vase")
  • Amphora with scenes of charioteers and foot-soldiers
  • Black-figure pitcher
  • Cup with shield-bearing cavalrymen
  • Krater with shield-bearing cavalrymen and pairs of animals
  • The Macmillan aryballos, detail
  • Selinus. Plans of temples 'C', 'D', 'F' and 'G'
  • Columns of the Temple of Hera ('Basilica') and side of the Temple of Neptune, Paestum
  • Lycian phalanx, detail of frieze from Nereid tomb
  • Pythagorean number forms: a) square; b) rectangular; c) dekas
  • Flute player and armed warriors, detail of the Chigi Vase
  • Amphora, detail showing Kadmos/Kassmos with his bride Harmonia
  • Boundary stone from Athens, inscribed 'I am the boundary of the Agora'
  • Hermes Propylaios
  • Pollis as warrior, tomb relief from Megara
  • Doryphorus
  • Geometry of Doryphorus
  • Parthenon, Athens
  • Parthenon 'refinements' diagram
  • Remains of earlier temples set into the wall of the Acropolis, Athens
  • Horsemen, detail of frieze from the Parthenon
  • Marshal and horsemen, detail of frieze from the Parthenon
  • Women, detail of frieze from the Parthenon
  • Porch of the maidens (the "Caryatid Porch") and west façade, Erechtheum
  • Dancing female musician and drunken revellers, detail of a vase by the Foundry Painter
  • Aphrodite reclining, detail of pediment from the Parthenon
  • Nike (Victory)
  • Nike (Victory)
  • Types of vase
  • Oenochoe, detail
  • Panathenaic amphora showing footrace
  • Charioteer
  • Amphora, detail showing revellers
  • Hydria, detail
  • Amazons
  • Funerary krater with scene of mourning, detail
  • Funerary amphora with flying gorgons
  • Fight between dog and cat, with onlookers, side of statue base from Athens
  • Workshop scenes from the red-figure 'Foundry Cup'
  • Olympia, sanctuary plan with row of treasuries top right
  • Cleobis and Biton
  • Male figure from Attica
  • Series of male statues
  • 'Kritian' boy from the Acropolis, Athens
  • Warrior A from the sea off Riace
  • Eros stringing his bow
  • Agias, from the Daochos monument, Delphi
  • Statue dedicated to Artemis by Nikandre, from Delos
  • Statue dedicated to Hera by Cheramyes
  • Statue of Girl
  • Amphora
  • Amphora
  • Amphora
  • Group of giants from the frieze of the Treasury of Siphnos, Delphi
  • Hercules and the Keryneian hind, metope from the Treasury of Athens, Delphi
  • Hercules and the Cretan bul, metope from the Temple of Zeus, Olympia
  • Lapith and Centaur fighting, metope from the Parthenon
  • Contest between Athena and Poseidon, west pediment of the Parthenon
  • Temple of Hera, Olympia
  • Temple of Zeus, Olympia
  • Parthenon, detail of corner
  • Temple of Hera, Samos, groundplan
  • Treasuries of Cnidos, Massilia and Siphnos, Delphi
  • White-ground lekythos
  • Grave stele of Thraseas and Euandria
  • Grave stele of Ampharete
  • Ball players, side of statue base from Athens
  • Red-figure cup, exterior
  • Gorgoneion for roof-tile, ancient mould
  • Gorgoneion for roof-tile, modern cast
  • Head of Alexander as Zeus Ammon with Indian inscription
  • Details of a wreath
  • Details of a wreath
  • Details of a wreath
  • Alexander's conquests in a global context, the hatched area representing the area he inherited from his father
  • Alexander on horseback
  • Hercules Epitrapezius
  • Alexandria, plan
  • Tomb from Mustafa Pasha Nekropolis, Alexandria
  • Tomb from Anfoushy Nekropolis, Alexandria, interior
  • Battle between Alexander and the Persians, detail of side of the Alexander Sarcophagus, from Sidon, probably the tomb of King Abdalonymus
  • Lion hunt, detail of side of the Alexander Sarcophagus
  • Aphrodite, detail of front
  • Aphrodite, rear view
  • Warriors dancing
  • Joseph Beuys in a boxing match with an art student at Documetna V, Kassel
  • Battle of Alexander and Darius, mosaic from the House of the Faun, Pompei
  • Plan of the original setting of the Nike of Samothrace, showing the diagonal position of the prow in the rock-filled fountain basin
  • Winged Victory of Samothrace (Nike)
  • Jockey
  • Boxer
  • Demosthenes
  • Sacrificing girl
  • Unswept floor
  • Doves drinking
  • Mosaic portraying creatures of the sea
  • Boy strangling a goose
  • Suicidal Gaul and his Wife
  • Zeus and Athena in conflict with giants, detail of large frieze of the Zeus Altar from Pergamum
  • Zeus and Athena in conflict with giants, detail of large frieze of the Zeus Altar from Pergamum
  • Face of a biting giant, detail of large frieze of the Zeus Altar from Pergamum
  • Marsyas
  • Scythian slave
  • Elderly Centaur tortured by Eros
  • Elderly Centaur tortured by Eros, detail of face
  • Barberini Sleeping Faun
  • Laocoön
  • Laocoön, detail of head
  • Altar of Zeus, Pergamum, plan showing axial lines: a and b indicate respective positions of Athena and Zeus on the large frieze
  • Stoa, Priene, reconstruction of the interior
  • Agora arch, Priene, reconstruction
  • Agora, Priene, second century BC, plan showing the visual axis from the agora arch and the symmetry about it
  • Pharos of Alexandria, reconstruction
  • Map of the known world according to Eratosthenes, reconstruction
  • Horologium of Andronikos of Kirrha
  • Fallen warrior gazing at his reflection, detail of the Battle of Alexander and Darius, mosaic from House of Faun, Pompeii
  • Thetis and the armor for Achilles, painting from Pompeii
  • Warrior, funerary relief from Rhodes
  • Female figures
  • Bronze head inserted in marble herm, modern copy after first-century BC original
  • Lampbearer combining the head type of an early-fifth-century BC girl with a male body type of similar date
  • Dancing Maenad
  • Roman camp, according to Polybius
  • Tomb of the Greek Vases, Cerveteri, plan
  • Roman legion in battle formation, according to Polybius
  • Sacrifice, from Arch of Marcus Aurelius
  • Portrait statue with masks of ancestors
  • Bridge across the Danube, scene from the Dacian Wars, detail from Trajan's Column
  • Capture of Seleucia, detail from the Arch of Septimius Severus
  • Model of a liver with diviner's markings
  • Cross, with augural inscription, from Lambaesis
  • Surveyor's groma in use by a legionary
  • Centuriated countryside between Montelimar and Orange, based on fragments of a Roman marble plan
  • Timgad, aerial view
  • Rome, plan showing Via Lata as cardo with monuments related either to that axis or to cardinal points
  • Roman house plans from marble map of Rome
  • Silver denarius of Marcus Scaurus and Publius Hypsaeus
  • Tomb of Demetrius and Philonicus
  • Coin of Augustus, with laurel and oak wreath fixed to the portal of Augustus' house by Senatorial decree
  • Portrait of Augustus as imperator, from the Villa of Livia at Primaporta
  • Portrait of Augustus as pontifex maximus, from the Via Labicana
  • Pantheon, exterior
  • Coin of Domitian, showing his palace on the Palatine
  • Column of Trajan
  • Statues on pedestals in the Atrium Vestae
  • Relief from the tomb of the Haterii showing monuments constructed under the Flavians
  • Theatre of Pompey
  • Sebasteion, Aphrodisias, reconstructed elevation
  • Septizodium, dedicated in AD 203
  • Fountain building, Miletus, reconstruction
  • Colosseum
  • Arch of Titus, detail
  • Aeneas sacrificing to the household gods, detail of the Ara Pacis, dedicated 9 BC
  • Entablature with sacrificial instruments, from the Temple of Vespasian
  • Stabian Baths, plan
  • Baths of Titus
  • Peristyle of the House of the Vettii
  • Construction of a tomb, relief from tomb of the Haterii, Rome
  • Aureus, Julia Domna, with Pietas
  • Sestertius, Nerva, with Congiarium
  • Arch of Marcus Aurelius, detail
  • Arch of Constantine, detail
  • Arch of Constantine, west end
  • Colossal head of Constantine from the Basilica of Maxentius (Constantine)
  • Tomb of the baker Eurysaces
  • Sarcophagus with unfinished head of deceased between tritons and nereids
  • Sarcophagus with scenes from the life of a Roman general
  • Sarcophagus with battle between Romans and German cavalry, from the Via Tiburtina
  • Sarcophagus with Achilles and Penthesilea with portrait faces
  • Sarcophagus with slaughter of Niobids by Artemis and Apollo
  • Sarcophagus with orans and philosopher
  • Basilica Ulpia, reconstruction
  • Basilica on Golgotha, reconstruction
  • Roman sarcophagus
  • Rome, showing the Circus Maximus and Palatine
  • Baths of Caracalla
  • Wall-painting from a villa at Boscoreale, so-called Second Style
  • Wall-painting from a house at Pompeii, so-called Third Style
  • Temple of Mars Ultor and Forum of Augustus Rome, dedicated 2 BC
  • Basilica according to Vitruvius, De architectura, plan
  • Basilica designed by Vitruvius at Fanum Fortunae, reconstruction
  • Capital from the Temple of Mars Ultor
  • Detail of the Ara Pacis, showing acanthus sprouting other plants, dedicated 9 BC
  • Tiber Island turned into a boat
  • Rear entry wall of the Forum of Augustus showing the Temple of Mars Ultor inside
  • Porta Maggiore
  • Harbour portico, Ostia
  • Substructures of the Temple of Divus Claudius
  • Temple of Vespasian
  • Palace of Domitian
  • Greek pallium and Roman toga
  • Temple of Apollo Sosianus, reconstruction
  • Upper terrace of theatre
  • Trajan's Markets
  • Hadrian's Villa
  • Pantheon, interior
  • Hadrian's Villa, Piazza D'Oro
  • Hadrian's Mausoleum, adapted as Castle Sant' Angelo
  • Vault decoration, Golden House of Nero
  • Triumphal procession of Titus with spoils from Jerusalem, detail from the Arch of Titus
  • Hercules statue from Domitian's Palace on the Palatine, Rome
  • Fountain, Domitian's palace on Palatine
  • Wall-painting from house at Pompeii, so-called Fourth Style
  • Opus sectile wall panel from Nero's palace on the Palatine
  • Opus sectile wall panel from Nero's palace on the Palatine
  • Hadrian's Villa, plan
  • Lady playing cithara, wall-painting from a villa at Boscoreale
  • 'Roma Barberini', wall-painting
  • Centaurs floor mosaic
  • Wild animal hunt, staged
  • Hadrian
  • Portrait of Philip the Arab
  • Panel of giallo antico marble, with surrounding elements of cipollino, rosso antico and porta santa, House of Telephus, Herculaneum
  • Hylas dragged into the water by nymphs, marble inlay panel from the Basilica of Junius Bassus
  • Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, interior
  • Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, narthex
  • The Arch of Constantine
  • Transept of Old St Peter's, c. 320–330 AD
  • The Transfiguration (above), S. Apollinare in Paradise (below), and the two cities of Bethlehem and Jerusalem (on arch)
  • Funerary statue of Kroisos
  • Praying figures, from narthex of Hagia Sophia
  • Scroll and book
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
Contents
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
Acknowledgements
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
~There is no recent extended single-author study of Classical art in the English language. Some will feel that this is a good thing. For one person to write intelligently and responsibly in one book about a topic that potentially embraces hundreds of thousands of artefacts produced during a thousand years over an area of several million square miles is not...
PublisherYale University Press
Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
We readily think of our minds and bodies in terms of the chemical and the electrical, the hidden elements and energies of which we believe our world ultimately to be composed. The early Greeks often thought of themselves in terms of the more substantial materials they saw around them...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
In these words, preserved in Homer’s Iliad, a work composed probably in the early eighth century BC, the people known to us as the Greeks for the first time in the written record distinguish themselves from other communities. Silent and strong they are united by their desire to offer each other mutual defence...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
The Iliad is a celebration of war that inaugurates the distinctive military tradition within Greek culture. Hesiod’s Works and Days is a poetic treatise on agriculture that marks in a more business-like way the launch of the other essentially Greek tradition, that of economically productive competition. If Strife on the battlefield is an unpleasant necessity, Strife in the fields and the marketplace is beneficial only in its stimulating effect...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
The notion that it is useful to define a new period of Greek history, the Hellenistic period, with the death of Alexander the Great is a relatively recent one. It owes its acceptance to a general recognition that his conquests drastically changed the circumstances of life, not only for the Greeks, but also for many of their neighbours. From the moment he became king of Macedon at the age of 20 in 336 BC he embarked on a whirlwind career...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
When the Greek historian Polybius set out, in the middle of the second century BC, to satisfy such healthy curiosity he was writing for a Greek public that must have been amazed to see the citizens of a small town half-way up the coast of Italy conquering first the western and then the eastern Mediterranean. The Greeks had always thought that if they were good at anything it was at building successful cities...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
‘For it was Rome which first showed that the power of speech [logos] could not reach everything’ (Aelius Aristides, Orationes, 26, 6). When a brilliant young Greek indulged in this hyperbole soon after Hadrian’s death he was hinting at an elusive truth. Although he was referring directly to Rome’s physical appearance...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
Still vigorous and successful in the second and third centuries AD, by the sixth the Classical world had ceased to exist. Its collapse was not only the result of external pressures and internal decline; it was also deliberately brought to an end in the name of a cultural revolution. Economic and military problems did admittedly lead to a fatal weakening of the Empire...
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
Bibliographical Note
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
Illustrations
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Description: Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
Index
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Classical Art and the Cultures of Greece and Rome
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