List of illustrations

  • The Cross in the Mountains
  • Allegory on the Eighteenth Century
  • St. Genevieve
  • The Painter Franz Pforr
  • Map of Germany in 1815
  • The Fall of the Fatherland
  • Theodor Körner, Friedrich Friesen and Heinrich Hartmann on Outposts
  • Ways of Wearing Coats
  • The Laying out of the Fallen from the March Revolution in Berlin
  • The Harkort Factory at Burg Wetter
  • Plate 2 of Another Dance of Death
  • The Last Judgement
  • The Rose
  • Meadows near Greifswald
  • Portrait of the Artist's Wife, Nina
  • Illustration from History of Frederick the Great
  • Parnassus
  • The Actress Josefa Hortensia Füger, the Artist's Wife
  • Thor Battering the Midgard Serpent
  • The Spirit of Culmin Appears to his Mother
  • Dead Oak
  • Thicket with Antique Figures
  • Battle between the Titans and Gods
  • Night with her Children Sleep and Death
  • The Schmadribach Falls
  • Eve
  • The Child in the Meadow, detail of the large version of Morning
  • Self-Portrait at the Drawing Table
  • Leaves and Firelily
  • The Return of the Sons (Die Heimkehr der Söhne)
  • Achilles Fighting Xanton
  • Fingal
  • Achilles and Skamandros
  • The Triumph of Love
  • The Times of Day: Morning
  • The Times of Day: Midday
  • The Times of Day: Evening
  • The Times of Day: Night
  • The Book of Job, plate 14
  • We Three
  • The Hülsenbeck Children
  • Portrait of the Artist's Parents
  • Portrait of the Artist's Mother, Magdalena Dorothea Runge
  • The Rest on the Flight into Egypt
  • Colour Sphere
  • The Lily of Light, detail of the large version of Morning
  • Morning, small version
  • The Lily of Light and the Morning Star, study for the large version of Morning
  • Self-Portrait
  • Caspar David Friedrich in his Studio
  • Oak Tree with Stork's Nest
  • The Lonely Tree
  • Dolmen by the Sea
  • The Arctic Ocean
  • The Shipwreck
  • The Raft of the Medusa
  • Cross by the Baltic
  • Winter Landscape with Church
  • Emilias Kilde near Copenhagen
  • View of the Little Belt from Hindsgavl, Funen
  • Plant Studies
  • View of Arkona with Rising Moon
  • Procession at Dawn
  • Boy Sleeping on a Grave
  • Spring from The Times of the Year
  • Summer from The Times of the Year
  • Winter
  • Rocky Gorge in Elbesandsteingebirge
  • Morning Mist in the Mountains
  • The Cross in the Fir Woods
  • Monk by the Sea
  • Abbey in the Oakwoods
  • Abbey in the Oakwoods, detail
  • Wanderer above a Sea of Fog
  • Bohemian Landscape
  • Garden Terrace
  • The Chasseur in the Forest
  • War Memorial Design
  • Memorial Picture for Johann Emanuel Bremer
  • The Cathedral
  • Ulrich von Hutten's Grave
  • Ruin at Eldena
  • Woman at the Window
  • Woman in front of Setting Sun
  • Chalk Cliffs on Rügen
  • On a Sailing Ship
  • Two Men Contemplating the Moon, detail
  • Two Men Contemplating the Moon
  • Evening
  • Morning
  • Evening
  • Moonrise over the Sea
  • Moonrise by the Sea
  • High Mountains
  • Early Snow
  • Easter Morning
  • Evening on the Baltic
  • The Great Enclosure near Dresden
  • The Stages of Life
  • The Riesengebirge
  • Pinewoods with Pool
  • An Owl on a Coffin
  • Clumps of Grass and Palette
  • The Crossing on the Schreckenstein
  • View through the Studio Window
  • The Balcony Room
  • View through an Open Window
  • Before the Mirror
  • Woman on the Terrace
  • Leafless Oaks in a Storm
  • Organic Life in Nature
  • Cathedral in Winter
  • Gothic Cathedral on the Water
  • The Hall of Stars of the Queen of the Night
  • Mountain Gorge in Winter
  • Cloister in the Snow
  • Clouds in the Evening
  • Dresden by Moonlight
  • View of Castle Bieberstein
  • Siege of Cosel
  • The Isar Falls near Munich
  • Aegina
  • Pastor Rautenberg and his Family
  • Mary Krämer
  • The Granite Bowl in the Pleasure Gardens of Berlin
  • Parade in the Opernplatz
  • The Neue Wache, Unter den Linden
  • Parochialstrasse
  • Sea at Evening
  • In the Park at Terni
  • Gallows Hill
  • Neustadt-Eberswalde Rolling Mill
  • View of Roofs and Gardens
  • Musicians and People Talking
  • View of the park of Prince Albrecht
  • The Artist's Sister
  • Noah's Sacrifice (Das Opfer Noahs)
  • The Raising of Lazarus
  • Count Rudolph of Hapsburg and the Priest
  • Shulamit and Maria
  • Shulamit and Maria's Wedding Morning
  • Faust and Mephisto on the Brocken
  • Page 43 of Albrecht Dürer's Christlich-Mythologische Handzeichnungen
  • Joseph Sold by his Brothers
  • Joseph Reveals Himself to His Brothers
  • Clara Bianca von Quandt
  • The Meeting of Jacob and Rachel
  • Jacob Meets Rachel
  • Landscape with St. Benedict
  • Quarry by the Parish Church of Matzleindorf
  • Saturday: The Graveyard of St. Peter's Salzburg
  • Withered Leaves
  • Friedrich Olivier Sketching
  • View of Olevano
  • Reward and Punishment
  • Mountain Landscape with Shepherds
  • Castle by a River
  • Gackeleia in the Town of the Mice
  • Kreisler after he had Gone Mad
  • Jorinda and Jorindel
  • Der Fischer
  • How the Queen Had the Hall Burnt Down
  • The Leap from the Rock
  • Apparition in the Forest
  • The Ride of Kuno von Falkenstein
  • The Dream of Erwin von Steinbach
  • The Cats' Symphony
  • Fuga del Diavolo
  • The Poor Poet
  • Hermit Reading
  • Farewell at Dawn
  • Ghosts over the Water
  • The Watzmann
  • Small Pool in the Riesengebirge
  • St. Genevieve in the Forest
  • The Wind Blows
  • Illustration to The Vicar of Wakefield
  • Beauty and the Beast
  • Hall of the Gods (Göttersaal)
  • The Apotheosis of a Good King
  • The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
  • The Murder of the Sons of Edward IV
  • Studio Scene
  • Hussite Sermon
  • Karl Marx as Prometheus
  • Portrait of the Artist's Mother
  • St. Boniface as Church Builder
  • Otto III in the Crypt of Charlemagne
  • Choirboy
  • The Tale of the Burgomaster of Cologne
  • How Iring was Slain
  • Death as a Folk Hero
  • Death as an Avenger
  • Death as a Friend
  • The Isle of the Dead
  • Two Human Beings. The Lonely Ones
Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
Contents
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
~THE PRINCIPAL INTENTION of this book is to provide an introduction to a subject that is little studied in the English speaking world. My own interest in German Romantic painting developed out of a fascination with the pictures of Caspar David Friedrich. This artist is given pride of place in this book. But I hope that I have shown that there are many...
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
~The text in this second edition is essentially the same as that in the first—with the exception of a few minor corrections. I have, however, updated the bibliography to include relevant major publications that have appeared since 1980.
PublisherYale University Press
Description: German Romantic Painting
THE YEARS AROUND 1800 were those of one of Germany’s greatest cultural flowerings. Not since the Renaissance and Reformation in the sixteenth century—the age of Dürer and Luther—had Germans achieved so much in so many varied fields, or made such crucial contributions to the development of European civilization. Much of this is evident today. Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven...
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: German Romantic Painting
~THE CHANGES THAT bring about a new direction in art usually take place gradually, almost imperceptibly. Only when a work is created that can present these changes with boldness and conviction does it become apparent that a startling transformation has taken place. In the history of the Romantic movement in German...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~ONE OF THE MOST familiar objections of the Romantics to classicism was that it lacked relevance. ‘We are no longer Greeks,’ complained Runge to his brother in 1802, ‘and when we contemplate their perfect works of art we can no longer feel the totality in the way that they...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~PHILIPP OTTO RUNGE is an artist whose theories and aspirations are more immediately striking than his artistic achievements. His exciting insights are communicated in the enthusiastic speculations of his notes and letters more readily than in the pictures themselves....
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~FRIEDRICH is recognized today as the supreme German painter of the Romantic era, but in his own time his genius was not so widely acknowledged. This was not because the aims of his art were foreign to the interests of his generation. On the contrary, his allusions to the spiritual in nature, his close study of local landscape and his emphasis on the need...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~THE PAINTING of Ulrich von Hutten’s Grave (Plate 66) demonstrates how much Friedrich continued to use landscape symbolically in later life. Nevertheless in the period following the Napoleonic Wars his style underwent considerable...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~‘FRIEDRICH’, complained the young Dresden artist Adrian Ludwig Richter in 1824, ‘chains us to an abstract idea. He makes use of the forms of...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~THE LANDSCAPE PAINTERS mentioned in the previous chapter responded to the imagery of Friedrich in different ways. But they all remained attached to the idea of landscape conveying a meaning, whether this was pantheistic, educational, political or—as was frequently the case—all three together. Such concerns were completely consistent with the...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~THAT A BOOK on German Romantic painting should give pride of place to landscape would have seemed highly perverse to contemporaries. The prestige of this nation’s art at the time rested upon a quite different achievement. When a commentator in the English magazine Art...
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: German Romantic Painting
~SCHINKEL’S painting Castle by a River (Plate XXVIII) was the outcome of a remarkable competition. According to an eyewitness, the landscape painter Carl Wilhelm Gropius, the design for it was sketched out at two consecutive...
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: German Romantic Painting
~THE OTHER SIDE of the Revivalist movement did not end so prettily. Its claims were greater and its disintegration more disturbing. The wistful regrets of Schwind and Richter in their latter years have little of the sense of tragedy expressed at the time by Cornelius, prevented by political vagaries from carrying out his grand mural cycle in Berlin, or by...
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Description: German Romantic Painting
~‘ROMANTICISM is finished on this earth; the age of the railway has dawned.’ There were many in the middle of the century who felt, like the writer Theodore Fontane, that the new materialism had rendered the imaginative and subjective in art irrelevant. They failed to recognize that the Romantics had addressed themselves to fundamental human...
PublisherYale University Press

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Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
~MOST OF THE important publications on German Romantic painting are in German, though a number of studies of substance do exist in English and French. In the following list I have put an emphasis on these, as they are cited less frequently in German language bibliographies. I have also included the principal German publications. Those...
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
Additional Bibliography
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
List of Plates
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: German Romantic Painting
Index
PublisherYale University Press
German Romantic Painting
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