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Description: Jet Age Aesthetic: The Glamour of Media in Motion
Index
PublisherYale University Press
Index
Abbott, Berenice, 99
Adams, Ansel, 134, 139, 141
ADP (Aéroports de Paris), 24, 47, 53
films to promote Orly , 49, 53, 196n88
aerial vision, 9–10, 15
earth photographs, 15
aerodynamic design, 1
Cadillac Fleet-wood Limousine, 102
Plymouth automobile, 1956, 2, 2
Agam, Yaacov, 156
aircraft: Caravelle, 47, 53, 113
Concorde, 183, 191n20
de Havilland Comet, 4, 183, 191n18
Lockheed Starliner, 4, 48
Tupolev Tu-104, 191nn7,18. See also Boeing 707
Air France, 47, 191n20, 200n62
Air India, 113, 191n10, 126
airport design: and airline distinction, 38
as antimonumental, 46–47, 69–70
change and obsolescence, 23, 36–37, 46, 54
decentralization of terminals, 36–41
extending jet flight experience, 19–20, 23, 27–28
and fluid motion, 21, 27–28, 54
redesign for jet service, 1, 19, 21–23, 28, 35, 47
tunnels and tubes in, 23, 30, 30, 38–40
uniformity of, 21, 24
airports
as aerotropolis, 48, 54
airport symbolics, 193–94n4
compared to Disneyland, 30, 44, 70–71
constant arrivals and departures, 116–17
and continuity of movement, 25, 28, 33, 40
mobbing and security, 28, 119
new building, 22, 30
for photo-ops, 117
press lounges, 117
situation of, 24
travel within, 25, 30–35, 41–42, 54, 70–71, 97
visits to, 7–8, 8, 44, 47–55, 196n83
See also airport design; Dulles Airport; John F. Kennedy International Airport; LAX; Orly
Algar, Jim, 93
Alloway, Lawrence, 23, 106
“The Long Front of Culture,” 106
American Airlines, 86, 129
Astroway, American Airlines tunnel, LAX, 40
in-plane brochure, 6
Jet Flagship, Baggage Expediter system, 25
“Welcome Aboard Your American Flagship,” 25
Amman and Whitney, 33
Anderson, Grant, 40
Andreu, Paul, 20, 27–28
Roissy–Charles de Gaulle airport, 26, 27–28
Antonioni, Michelangelo (dir.): Blow-Up, 135
Armstrong-Jones, Antony, 134–35
Astaire, Fred: in Funny Face (dir. Stanley Donen), 174, 175–76
Avedon, Richard, 136, 140, 180, 200n82
as fashion photographer, 135, 168
and Funny Face (dir. Stanley Donen), 168, 174, 175–78
on photography, 134, 137, 168
Revlon ad, “Jazz,” and album cover, “Jazz: Red Hot and Cool,” 176, 177
Bailey, David (photographer), 135–36
Jean Shrimpton in New York, British Vogue, 136
marriage to Catherine Deneuve (Patrice Habans), 136
Banham, Reyner, 23, 106
“The Obsolescent Airport,” 23, 25
Bardot, Brigitte, 117
arriving at JFK Airport (Patrice Habans), 119
Barthes, Roland: “Jet Man,” 9
Mythologies, 106
Baudelaire, Charles, 103–5, 121, 136
Baudrillard, Jean, 59
Beatles, The, 117
Beaton, Cecil, 134–35
Bécaud, Gilbert: “Dimanche á Orly,” 7–8
Becket, Welton, 44–45, 69, 95
Capitol Records Building, 45, 69, 70
Disney’s Contemporary Hotel, Walt Disney World Resort, 69, 70
Ford Magic Skyway, New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, 69, 83, 86, 87
LAX Elliptical Satellite Terminal (Charles Luckman Associates, Welton Becket and Associates, and Paul R. Williams), 39
LAX renovations (Welton Becket and Associates, and Paul R. Williams), 38
LAX Theme Building, 3, 3, 42–46, 43–44, 69, 195n62
Beil, Kim, 169
Bender, Marylin, 115–16
Beautiful People, 116
Benjamin, Walter, 11, 59
Bergé, Pierre, 112–13, 115
Blackburn, M., 22
Blair, Mary, 90
“it’s a small world” attraction, 90, 91
Blake, Peter, 82
Blaszczyk, Regina, 142
Block, Jacques, 24
BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation), 4, 183, 191n18
and de Havilland Comet, 4, 183, 191n18
in films, 103. See also British Airways
Boeing 707 (Boeing Company), 4–7, 10, 21, 191n6
“The coin, the watch, and the flower” advertisement, 6, 7
Pan Am brochure with, 5
and Pan Am Jet Clipper America, 4–5, 5
and transatlantic travel, 47
Bondi, Inge, 143
Boorstin, Daniel, 107, 121, 136–37
The Americans, 107
The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America, 107
on jets, 137, 139
on photography, 107–8
on time and speed, 109
Boursicot, Pierre, 47–48
British Airways, 191n20
British Imperial Airways, 193n3
Bruno, Giuliana: Atlas of Emotion, 11
Burns and McDonnell Engineering, 33
Burri, René, 146
Burrows, Larry, 145
Burton, Richard, 99, 101–2
California Institute of the Arts (CalArts), 71
Callas, Maria, 117, 118
Capa, Robert, 122, 131, 200n50
“The Battle of Hankow in Color,” Life, 145, 146
and color photography, 141, 145, 149
and Ernst Haas, 139, 157, 163
before parachuting into Germany with American forces, 122, 124
carousel, as metaphor, 17, 92, 198n84
GE Carousel of Progress, New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, 92–93, 198n84
Kodak slide carousel, 17, 198n84
Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 122, 139, 166, 200n82
and color photography, 141, 148–49
The Decisive Moment, 148–49, 166
“The New China—From Inside,” Life, 149
Cassini, Igor, 110–11
Cassini, Oleg, 110
Charbonnier, Jean-Philippe, 140
cover of Réalités, 144, 145, 202n16
Chicago Museum of Science and Industry, 64–65
color photography, 140–46, 169, 180
and advertising, 141, 148
and art photography, 141–43, 149
blur in, 150–55, 168–69, 176, 179–80
equipment and process, 128, 130, 146–48, 147
history of, 141–45, 171. See also magazines, color photography; Museum of Modern Art, New York; photojournalism
Crump, Rolly: Tower of the Four Winds, 91, 92
Currier and Ives: The Progress of the Century, 121, 122
Davis, Marc, 61
Deneuve, Catherine, 136
marriage to David Bailey (Patrice Habans), 136
Depardon, Raymond, 140
Dior, Christian, 133
Disney, Roy Oliver, 58, 67, 72
Disney, Walter Elias
on building a community for people, 57, 69
and CalArts, 71
and Carolwood-Pacific Railroad, 66, 67
death of, 57, 60, 95
on Disneyland Television Show, 61, 62
and Disneyland, creation of, 12, 44, 57, 67, 68, 97
and Disneyland archives, 60, 197n14
and Florida Project, 94–96, 96
friendship networks of, 45, 69, 71
and Olympics, 1960, 82–83
as urban planner, 94–96 See also Disneyland; Walt Disney Studios, The; Walt Disney World, Florida; WED Enterprises
Disneyland, 12, 55–45, 57–97, 137
ABC financing of, 67
Adventureland, 61
American heritage features, 93
attendance and popularity of, 82–83, 87, 95
Edison Square, 92
Enchanted Tiki Room, 61, 89
Fantasyland, 61
Frontierland, 61, 73
geography of, 61, 68, 68, 69, 71, 73, 96
growth and renewal, 57, 69, 94
Hall of Presidents, 86–87, 93
history of, 58–61, 64–67, 69–72
“it’s a small world,” 92
and jet age aesthetics, 55, 60–62, 69
Liberty Street, 93
like airports, 44–45, 62, 69–71, 79
Main Street, U.S.A., 61, 73, 73
motion in, 58, 61–62, 66, 68–69, 95
New Tomorrowland, 79–82, 81, 97
and New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, 76, 80–83, 85–87, 92–93
and Olympics, 1960, 83
people-moving in, 45, 60, 62, 66, 68–73, 80, 93, 95
flow of people through, 72
and happiness, 58, 62
and narrative, 61–63, 68, 73
PeopleMover, 80–81, 82
studies of, 58–61, 68–69,
as theme park, 57, 61
Tomorrowland, 61, 76–79, 82
Autopia, 76
Clock of the World, 76–80, 77
Monorail, 76, 76,
obsolescence and, 76, 79
Skyway, 76, 82
test ground for WED and EPCOT, 97
TWA Rocket to the Moon, 29, 30, 62, 63, 76–79, 77–78
transportation in, 63, 66, 72–73, 95, 97
Monorail, 76, 76, 83, 96
Omnimover, with Atomobiles, 81
PeopleMover, 80–81, 82, 96
Skyway, 76, 82
trains, 63, 64, 66–67, 73
watercraft, 74–75, 75, 93
and world’s fairs, 59, 61, 65, 67
See also EPCOT; Walt Disney’s Disneyland; Walt Disney World, Florida; WED Enterprises
Disneyland Hotel, Anaheim (Pereira & Luckman), 45, 70, 71
Disneyland Paris, 59, 62
DOA (Los Angeles Department of Airports), 40, 36, 42
administration offices, LAX, 42, 46
and LAX renovation, 37–38
Dreyfuss, Henry: Designing for People, 28, 72
Dulles Airport, Chantilly, Va., 23–24, 30–36
design commission to Eero Saarinen, 28, 30–32, 31
and The Expanding Airport (Charles and Ray Eames), 23, 33–36, 34–35
FAA brochure, 32, 32
mobile lounge (Saarinen), 31, 32–36, 41
terminal building (Saarinen), 31, 32, 35
as Washington International Airport, 32
Eames, Charles and Ray:
and Eero Saarinen, 28, 33
The Expanding Airport, 23, 33–36, 34–35
IBM film, 33
Eco, Umberto, 59
Edison, Thomas, 92
Eggleston, William, 141
Elisofon, Eliot, 134, 140, 175
Elizabeth II, queen of U.K., 134
coronation, 127–29, 130–31, 200n66
EPCOT (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow), 82, 94–97
The EPCOT Film, 94–97, 96
Epstein, Brian, 117
Evans, Walker, 141
Ezickson, A. J.: Get That Picture! 124–26
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), 45
commission for Dulles Airport design, 30
Dulles Airport brochure, 32, 32
“Proposed Mobile Gate House,” 33
film
airports in, 22, 49–50, 53, 99–100, 102–3
and color, 57, 127, 148, 180
and flow of people, 72
and Lumière Brothers, 59
and photography, relation to, 174–76
source of public information, 64
3D in Disneyland, 62, 72
visual links to photo magazines, 102–3, 132, 176
See also Walt Disney Studios, The; see individual films and directors
Fleck, Glen: drawings for The Expanded Airport (Charles and Ray Eames), 34, 34–35
fluid motion, 6, 10, 58
aesthetic of, 11, 14–15, 58, 141
and airport design, 12, 21, 23, 30, 42, 54, 58, 185
and color photography, 156, 184
and Disneyland, 12, 58, 62, 79–80, 82, 97
and the jet age, 97, 134, 183, 185
in circulation of media, 17, 134, 137
in jet travel experience, 6, 11–12, 23, 54, 90, 141, 185
See also motion
Ford, Henry II, 87
Ford Motor Company: Levacar, 89–90, 90
Mustang, 1964, 87
and WED, 85–87. See also New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, Ford Magic Skyway
Foster, Norman, 20
Fowler, Joe, 71
France, Van Arsdale, 71
Frost, David, 102
Funny Face (dir. Stanley Donen), 174–76, 174–76, 178–79
Futurism, 153, 167–69, 187
Galella, Ron, 123
Gatwick Airport, London, 22
train station, 24
Gaulle, Charles de, 21
General Electric Company (GE):
transistor radio ad “belongs in the jet age,” 2–3
and Walt Disney, 92–93
and WED, 85–86. See also New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, GE Pavilion
Geddes, Norman Bel, 198n73
Getty, John Paul II, 112
John Paul Getty II and Talitha Pol, 114
globalization, 10, 13–14, 19, 21–22, 79, 116
GM (General Motors Company): and Futurama, New York World’s Fair, 1939, 86, 198n73
Greatest Story Ever Told, The (dir. George Stevens), 175
Greene, Alexander Plunket, 113
Gruen, Victor, 94, 96
The Heart of Our Cities, 94
Gurr, Bob, 73
Guys, Constantin, 103–5, 121
Haas, Ernst, 126, 139–81, 200n82, 203n65
blurring photos, 150–55, 168–69
color philosophy of, 151, 156, 163, 168, 173
and color photography, 140–41, 143–44, 148–60, 168–73, 180
The Creation, 140, 179
and the “decisive moment,” 166, 168, 171
Ernst Haas: The Art of Seeing, 163–69, 167
Ernst Haas: Color Photography, MoMA, 1962, 140, 144, 165
and Life magazine, 150–51, 156–63 (see also under Life magazine)
and Magnum photo agency, 140, 143, 156–57, 163
and movement, ideas of, 139, 151, 166–71
and movies, 173, 174–75, 178–79, 180
and photojournalism, ideas on, 156–57, 163, 166
and Robert Capa, 139, 157, 163
Haden-Guest, Anthony, 113
Hagan, Pat, 149
Halaby, Najeeb, 45
Halsman, Philippe, 139
Hardy, Françoise, 117, 119
Harper’s Bazaar, 116, 132, 136
“Pariah Styles: Radical Chic” (Tom Wolfe), 136
Hearst, William Randolph, 132
Heathrow Airport, London, 47
in films, 100, 103
Heiskell, Andrew, 128
Hench, John, 72, 83, 94
ice sculptures at Squaw Valley Olympic Village, 84
Hepburn, Audrey: in Funny Face (dir. Stanley Donen), 175–76, 175–76, 179
Herman, June, 160
Herzog, Arthur, 116
Hicks, Wilson, 99, 108, 120, 145, 158
Holiday, 129–31, 134, 162, 176
Howard, Ebenezer: Garden City model, 94
Huston, John (dir.): The Bible, 178–79
“In the Beginning” sequence (Ernst Haas), 178–79, 180
Moulin Rouge, 175
The Misfits, 173, 174;
Huxtable, Ada Louise, 94
IBM, 33, 86
Idlewild Airport, New York (now JFK), 22
Pan Am Terminal, 38
Terminal City plan, 38. See also John F. Kennedy International Airport
Independent Group, 23
International Center of Photography, New York, 141
internet, the, 17, 54, 189
Irvine, Dick, 76, 84
Ivins, William M.: Prints and Visual Communication, 108
jet age, 1–17, 55
dawn of, 1, 5, 10, 54, 58, 109
definition of, 1–4, 8–10, 55
glamour of, 103, 111, 137, 140–41
jet age aesthetic, 10–15
in design, 10
and Disneyland, 55, 58, 97
and photography, 12, 181
and photo magazines, 12, 16, 100
Jet Blue Airlines, 19, 195n52
jet flight experience, 4–5, 19, 26–27, 53, 109
comfort, 5–7
feeling of motionlessness, 5–7, 9, 19
as fluid motion, 6, 11–12, 23, 54, 90, 141, 185
lack of sensation, 6–7, 9, 47, 109. See also jet transport, commercial; motion; speed
jet passengers. See jet flight experience; jet transport, commercial
jet set, 99–103, 109–15, 133–37, 180
and air travel, 100–101, 109–11, 137
as Beautiful People, 103, 116
destinations of, 116
and fashion, 116, 133
in films, 99–102
glamour of nomadism, 111–16, 129, 139
and media coverage, 99, 113, 116–17, 129
as mobile elite, 103–6, 110–19
photographers as part of, 117, 129, 134–36
photography and, 102–3, 106–7, 110–11, 137
jet transport, commercial, 4–6, 116–17, 53, 65
first passenger jets, 191n18
in-flight entertainment, 10, 109
and Orly-system, 26
and press photographers, use of, 126, 200n62
speed of, 1, 4, 8, 19, 27, 191n6
transatlantic, 1, 4–5, 8, 109, 150, 200n62
See also airports; jet flight experience; tourism and travel
Jetsons, The, 3–4, 3
John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), New York:
Beatles mobbed at, 117
Jet Blue Terminal, 19, 195n52
renovations of, 195n52. See also Idlewild Airport; TWA Terminal, JFK
jumbo jets, 28, 54, 183, 195n51
Kalba, Laura, 142
Karsh, Yousuf, 134
Kazin, Alfred: Walker in the City, 160
Kennedy, Jacqueline (Jacqueline Onassis), 110
Kimball, Ward, 66
Kingston Airport, Jamaica, 22
Knight, Arthur, 168
Kozloff, Max, 141
Kramer, Hilton, 141
Laurentiis, Dino de, 178
LAX (Los Angeles International Airport), 25, 37–46
Beatles mobbed at, 117
Control Tower, 42, 43, 46
decentralized plan, 36–40
and Disneyland, 44–45
DOA administration offices, 42, 46
helicopter service, 24
moving sidewalks, 40
renovations of, 36–42, 195n52
expansion plan, 1967 (William Pereira), 41
Luckman split from Pereira, 41–42, 195n62
Master Plan, 1957, 38
Pereira & Luckman commission, 1, 36–41
with Welton Becket and Associates and Paul R. Williams, 38
satellite terminals, 39, 40, 40–41
Skylift, 25
proposal for Intra-Terminal Transportation System (Lockheed Aircraft Service), 25, 25
Theme Building (Welton Becket), 3, 3, 41, 42–46, 43, 44, 69, 195n62
underground tunnels, 38–40
Le Bourget airport, Paris, 47, 112
Life magazine, 99, 108, 120, 134, 150–51, 156
“Adventure in New Camera Realm” (Ernst Haas), 153–55, 154–55, 181
“The Battle of Hankow in Color” (Robert Capa and unidentified), 145, 146
“Beauty in a Brutal Art” (Ernst Haas), 169–72, 170–71, 174
color photo lab, 148
and color photography, 156–60, 169
“A Cuban Way with Styles” (Gordon Parks), 135
“Discovering the Fun of Being Pretty” (Paul Schutzer), 150–51, 150
“The Glow of Paris” (Ernst Haas), 162–63, 164–65,
“Images of a Magic City” (Ernst Haas), 158–62, 158–59, 161–62, 172
“The Magic of Color in Motion” (Ernst Haas), 151–55, 152–53, 167, 169, 172
Memorable Life Photographs Show, MoMA, 1951, 172
“Mirror of Venice” (Ernst Haas), 162–63, 166
“The New China—From Inside” (Henri Cartier-Bresson), 149
“New ‘Ivy’ Pictures Show Fire and Ice,” 142, 143
picture bureau, 126
Plymouth advertisement, 2
Queen Elizabeth II coronation, coverage of, 127–29, 128, 130–31, 146
“Spring Comes to England” (Ernst Haas), 172
“What’s in a Picture?” (Ernst Haas), 156, 157
“Last War Prisoners Come Home to Vienna” (Ernst Haas), 157, 172
Lindbergh, Charles, 4, 47
Lockheed Corporation: Lockheed Starliner, 4, 48
Proposal for LAX Intra-Terminal Transportation System, 25, 25
Loengard, John, 126–27
Los Angeles International Airport. See LAX
Luce, Henry, 149
Luckman, Charles, 39, 44
Elliptical Satellite Terminal, LAX (Charles Luckman Associates, Welton Becket and Associates, and Paul R. Williams), 39
and LAX renovation, 1, 40–42, 195n62
split from Pereira, 41–42, 195n62
and Walt Disney, 71, 83. See also Pereira & Luckman
Lurçat, Jean: Les Trois Soleils, 48
Mackland, Ray, 134
Mad Men, 17
magazines, 17, 107, 129
and airplane flight, 129, 137
“class publications,” 32
color photography, 127–29, 130–31, 140–42, 144–49, 156–60, 180
and dissemination of photographs, 117–20
fashion press, 132–33, 135–36, 175–76
history of, 121, 140
lifestyle and travel magazines, 129–32
photo magazines, 99–100, 103, 120
production of, 120, 132
reduction of staff, 126–27
See also media; photojournalism; and individual magazines
Magnum photo agency, 120, 122, 126, 134–35
air travel accounts, 126, 200n62
and color photography, 149, 156, 163
and Ernst Haas, 140, 143, 156–57, 163
photographers on movie sets, 174
Malraux, Vincent, 112
Marey, Étienne-Jules, 153
Margaret, Princess, 134–35
Marin, Louis, 59
Marker, Chris: La Jetée (dir.), 49, 51
Marling, Karal Ann, 68
McLuhan, Marshall, 11–12, 60
Understanding Media, 11–12
media: in motion, 140–41
influence of, 99, 106–8, 110
mass media, 106–8
technology of, 11, 107, 121
transport as, 11–16, 193n42. See also film; magazines; photography; photojournalism; television
Mellace, Luciano: Tazio Secchiaroli and Luciano Mellace (Franco Pinna), 125
Meuley, Dr. Jacques, 53
Miller, Lee, 133
“Believe It” cables, Vogue, 133, 133
Milli, Gjon, 167, 200n82
Mills, C. Wright, 108
The Power Elite, 106, 111
Misfits, The (dir. John Huston), 173, 174
Moholy-Nagy, László, 153
Vision in Motion, 153–55
Moreau, Jeanne, 117
Morin, Edgar, 106
Morris, John, 122, 142, 144, 156
Moses, Robert, 82–83, 93
environmental portrait of (Arnold Newman), 101, 102
motion
and blur in photographs, 150–55, 168–69, 176, 179–80
and dance, 176
in Disneyland, 58, 61–62, 66, 68–69, 79–80, 95
ergonomics, 72, 85
glamorization of, 103, 111, 137, 140–41
mechanization of, 168–69
and progress, 69
as sensationless, 5–7, 9, 19, 47, 109, 140
in still photography, 121, 140, 151–55
See also fluid motion; speed
Mumford, Lewis: Technics and Civilization, 2, 187
Museum of Modern Art, New York (MoMA)
All Color Show, 1950, 143–44
Birds in Color, 1943, 143
Eggleston’s Guide, 1976, 141, 144
Ernst Haas: Color Photography, 1962, 140, 144, 165
“Experimental Photography in Color,” 144
The Family of Man, 1955, 142–43, 172
In and Out of Focus Show, 1948, 143
Memorable Life Photographs Show, 1951, 172
The Photo Essay, 1965, 144, 172, 201n14
photography department, 142–44, 172
Muybridge, Eadweard, 153–55
Nast, Condé, 132, 200n77
Nelson, George, 9, 21
New Journalism, 140
and photography, 140, 172, 180
Newman, Arnold, 102
environmental portrait of Robert Moses, 101, 102
New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, 76, 80–95
and corporate participants, 83, 85–86
and Disneyland, 80–82
Ford Magic Skyway, 69, 80–81, 83, 86–90, 86–88, 93, 198n73
Ford Pavilion, 87, 89
loading area, 88,
Primeval Earth Diorama, 87–89, 89
time tunnels, 87–89, 88–89
GE Pavilion, 92
GE Carousel of Progress, 92–93, 198n84
Progressland, 83, 85
“it’s a small world,” 83, 90–92, 91
Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln, 83, 85, 92–93
and WED, 80–95
Nichols, Chris, 45
Nureyev, Rudolf, 112
O’Hare International Airport, Chicago, 24
Olympic Winter Games VIII, Squaw Valley, 1960, 82–83
ice sculptures at Olympic Village, 83, 84
Orly (Aéroport de Paris-Orly), 7, 24, 27, 46–50
ADP films promoting, 49, 53, 196n88
autoroute link, 48, 48
Caravelle jet maquette, 53
façade, 46, 47
highway underneath, 24
inauguration of, 21
main terminal (Henri Vicariot), 47–50
nonflight facilities, 48–49, 52–54
Félix Potin super-marché, 49
Hilton hotel, 48
Les Trois Soleils restaurant, 48
Orly, Christmas, 49, 49
Orly-system, 26
Orly Terrace, 7–8, 49–53
admission fee, 52–53
observers on Terrace, 51
Terrace external entrance, 52
Terrace with sandbox, 53, 55
Orly West terminal, 47
parking space, 25–26
renovation of, 21, 47–50
traffic through, 47–48, 50, 100
visitors to, 7, 47–54, 50, 196n83
“Dimanche á Orly” (Gilbert Bécaud), 7–8
family visit to Orly Terrace, 7, 8
guided and virtual tours, 53
listing in Officiel des Spectacles, 52
Outerbridge, Paul, 144–45
Packard, Vance, 109
Pan Am (Pan American Airlines), 193n3
brochure with image of Boeing 707, 5
Jet Clipper America, 4–5, 5, 22
Pan Am Terminal, Idlewild, 38
transatlantic service, 8, 47, 200n62
Panzer, Mary, 119, 131
Park, Robert, 120
Patrick, Ted, 134
Penn, Irving, 139, 200n82
Pereira, William, 12, 37–38, 41–42, 44
address to Jet-Age Airport Convention, New York, 1–2
early career, 38, 44
with Welton Becket, 45. See also Pereira & Luckman
Pereira & Luckman, 38
CBS Studios, 38
Disneyland, preliminary study of, 45, 69, 71, 83
Disneyland Hotel, Anaheim, 45, 70, 71
Disneyland Hotel with tram and iron beams, 45
LAX renovation, 46 (see also under LAX)
master plan for LAX, 38, 195n58
Pereira split from Luckman, 41, 195n62
photographers, 133–34
famous, 120, 135, 200n82
mobility of, 121–27, 133–34, 139
as paparazzi, 102, 117–18, 123, 125
and photojournalism, 99–100, 105–6, 120–26, 133–34, 136
See also magazines; jet set; photojournalism; and individual photographers
photography
as art, 140–42, 156, 160
blur in, 150–55, 168–69, 176, 179–80
as ephemeral, 103
and film, 174–76
history of motion studies, 153
and motion, 122, 140, 151–55, 166–71
and New Journalism, 140
Poet’s Camera, 160
stop-motion, 167
See also color photography; magazines; photographers; photojournalism
photojournalism, 99–137
aestheticizing motion, 100, 137
and color photography, 127–31, 137, 140–42, 144–48, 156–60, 180
creation of reportable events, 107–8
history of, 103–8, 120–26, 140, 142, 144
and narcissism, 108–9, 137
speed in transmitting news and images, 103, 120–29, 133, 137, 144
and technological advances, 121–24, 133, 142
and transport, 100, 121–31, 133, 137
and travel, 100, 108, 110, 126, 129–31
wartime photojournalists, 133
See also color photography; Life magazine; magazines; Magnum photo agency; photography
Pol, Talitha, 112–13
John Paul Getty II and Talitha Pol, 114
Popular Photography, 134
ten greatest photographers, 134, 139–40, 200n82
Porter, Eliot: Birds in Color, MoMA, 1943, 143
Potter, David: People of Plenty, 1
Prang, Louis, 144
Price, Harrison “Buzz”: Disney consultant, 71–72, 84–85
and Economics Research Consultants (ERA), 71
Pullar, Philippa, 111
Quant, Mary, 113, 116–17
Rasponi, Lanfranco, 100, 111–12, 116
The Golden Oases, 111
The International Nomads, 111
Rattigan, Terence, 100
Rayfield, Stanley: “How a Record Was Set in Color Printing,” Life, 130–31
Réalités, 162
cover (Jean-Philippe Charbonnier), 144, 145, 202n16
Rice, Shelley, 12
Ritchin, Fred, 140
Roche, Kevin, 28–29, 33, 194n33
rockets, 36, 195n47. See also Disneyland, Tomorrowland
Rosler, Martha, 140
Rouse, James, 95
Ryman, Herb, 94–95
Saarinen, Aline, 29–30, 32–33
photographs of TWA Terminal, 29–30
Saarinen, Eero, 20, 28–29
Athens airport (Ellinkon International Airport), East Terminal, 28
Dulles International Airport, 26, 28–32, 31, 36–37
mobile lounge at Dulles, 31, 32–36, 41. See also TWA Terminal, JFK
Saint, Clara, 112
Saint-Laurent, Yves, 112–13, 114, 115, 117, 118
Sayers, Jack, 86
Schickel, Richard: Disney Version, 60
Schivelbusch, Wolfgang, 67
The Railway Journey, 14–15, 193n42
Schutzer, Paul: “Discovering the Fun of Being Pretty,” Life, 150–51, 150
Secchiaroli, Tazio: Tazio Secchiaroli and Luciano Mellace (Franco Pinna), 125
Sekula, Allan, 140
Seymour, David (Chim), 144
and Funny Face, 174, 175
Sharp, Harold, 85
Shaw, Irwin, 122
Shore, Margot, 126, 163
Shrimpton, Jean, 136, 136
Simmel, Georg, 11
Sinatra, Frank: “Come Fly with Me” album and song, 8, 8, 191n19
Sklar, Marty, 85, 94
Sparling, Marcus, 123
speed: compressing time, 2, 79, 109
and jet travel, 1, 4, 8, 19, 27, 127, 169, 191n6
as progress, 69
and technology, 15, 153
in transmitting news and images, 103, 121–29, 133, 137, 144
visualization of, 1–2, 17. See also fluid motion; motion
Stanford Research Institute (SRI), 71
as Disney consultants, 71–72
Steichen, Edward, 141–44, 172
Stern, Bert, 139
Stoller, Ezra: “Davis Delaney Printing Press,” Fortune, 147
TWA terminal, JFK, 20, 29–30, 30, 79
Stone, Martin, 83
Sutton, Horace, 129
Szarkowski, John, 144, 172
Talese, Gay, 140
Tati, Jacques (dir.), Playtime, 53
Taylor, Elizabeth, 99, 101–2
Taylor, Rod: in The VIPs, 101, 101
television: color, 146, 148, 165, 180, 203n65
and coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, 127
and Disneyland, 58, 67–68
Ernst Haas: The Art of Seeing, 163–69, 167
“In and Out of Focus,” 203n65
speed of news delivery, 127, 129, 145
Walt Disney’s Disneyland, 67–68, 75, 148
Thompson, Edward, 145, 158
time: and the carousel, 93, 198n84
as circular, in Disney works, 92
experienced in photography, 140, 151, 166, 168, 172–73
and fourth dimension, 151–53, 168
future experienced in the present, 2–4, 12, 22, 46, 54, 69, 92, 189
movement through, 92, 109
speed of jet affecting, 2, 109, 189. See also jet travel, experience of
Time magazine, 20
3D Airport Diorama, 16, 16, 193n50
tourism and travel, 131
and colonialism, 19, 22, 113, 193n3
in jet age 1, 4–5, 109, 120
and lifestyle magazines, 129–32
rise of, 1, 108–9. See also airports; jet set
trains, 14–15, 27, 65–67
Carolwood-Pacific Railroad, 66, 67
Chicago Railroad Fair, 66
and Disneyland, 63, 64, 66–67, 73
train stations, 24–25, 38, 48
TWA (Trans World Airlines), 129
in-flight entertainment, 10
transatlantic service, 22
TWA Constellation, 22
TWA Jetstream Superconstellation, 8
TWA Terminal, JFK (Eero Saarinen), 19, 21, 27, 28–30, 33, 37, 37, 79
conversion to luxury hotel, 17, 195n52
photographs of (Ezra Stoller), 20, 29–30, 30, 79
renovations of, 195n52
and Tomorrowland in Disneyland, 79
tunnels for, 30, 30, 38. See also Disneyland, Tomorrowland, TWA Rocket to the Moon
United Airlines, 129
Caravelles purchase, 47
and Enchanted Tiki Room, Disneyland, 61
in-flight entertainment, 10
Vicariot, Henri: Orly main terminal, 47
VIPs, The (dir. Anthony Asquith), 99–102, 111
airport terminal setting, 100, 102–3, 105, 111, 116
as International Grand Hotel, 100
opening titles, 102, 104
Rod Taylor from opening titles, 101
trailer for, 99, 100
Virilio, Paul, 15
Vishniac, Roman, 144
Viva Maria! (dir. Louis Malle), 117, 119
Vogue magazine, 111, 116, 132, 200n77
“Believe It” cables (Lee Miller), 133, 133
Vreeland, Diana, 116, 168
Walt Disney Company, The, 94
Walt Disney’s Disneyland (TV), 67–68, 148
Davy Crockett, 75
as Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color, 148
Walt Disney Studios, The, 57, 64–65, 67, 94–95, 197n27
and animation, 57–58, 64
Burbank Studio, 65, 66,
Hyperion Avenue studio, 65
and informational entertainment, 64
Mary Poppins, 94 Pinocchio, 57
public interest in touring, 65
The Reluctant Dragon, 65, 66,
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, 65
and trains, 65–66
Victory Through Air Power, 64
wartime work, 64
WED joining, 72
Walt Disney World, Florida, 82, 94
Disney’s Contemporary Hotel (Welton Becket), 69, 70
and The EPCOT Film, 94–97, 96
as Florida Project, 71, 94–97
people-moving in, 94
as Walt Disney World Resort, 57–58, 94. See also EPCOT
Warhol, Andy, 112
Weber, Kem: Walt Disney Studio, Burbank, 65
WED Enterprises, 57–58, 71–72, 76, 82–86, 93–95
Audio-Animatronics, 61, 85, 89–90, 92–94
and corporate relationships, 83–86
and Florida Project, 71, 94–97
Imagineers and Imagineering, 58, 62, 71–72, 83–85, 97
and New York World’s Fair, 1964–65, 80–95
Ford Magic Skyway, 69, 80–81, 83, 86–90, 86, 88–89, 93, 198n73
Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln, 83, 85, 92–93
“it’s a small world,” 83, 90–92, 91
and Olympics, 1960, 83
and Omnimover, New Tomorrowland, 81
and Walt Disney World Resort, Florida, 57–58, 82
WedWay Transportation Systems, 80, 97
Weegee (Arthur Fellig), 123, 125
Welles, Orson, 101
Whyte, William H.: Organization Man, 113
Williams, Paul R., and LAX renovation, 38
Elliptical Satellite Terminal, LAX (with Charles Luckman Associates and Welton Becket and Associates), 39
Wilson, Sloan: Man in the Gray Flannel Suit, 113
Wise, Robert (dir.), West Side Story, 173, 174
Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 120–21
Wolfe, Tom, 140
“Pariah Styles: Radical Chic,” Harper’s Bazaar, 136
“There Goes That Kandy Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby Around the Bend,” Esquire, 180–81
Wood, C. V., 71
Wood, Norton, 149
World’s Fair. See New York World’s Fair, 1964–65
Wrather, Jack, 70
Zachary, Frank, 134