List of illustrations

  • The Hunterian Museum, Glasgow
  • Will and codicils
  • William Hunter’s home and anatomy school in 16 Great Windmill Street, London
  • Drawing of buildings for William Hunter’s collections, 16 Great Windmill Street, detail
  • Francis Hutcheson
  • Alexander Monro of Auchenbowie (Primus), 1697–1767
  • Model of the Hunterian Museum
  • Ground floor of proposed Hunterian Museum, Glasgow
  • First floor of proposed Hunterian Museum, Glasgow
  • Lower floor of proposed Hunterian Museum, Glasgow
  • Hunterian Library bookplate
  • Interior of the Hunterian Museum with busts of Gavin Hamilton and Thomas Campbell
  • Advertisement for James Douglas’s public course on human and comparative anatomy
  • Drawings of the crocus
  • My turn today, yours tomorrow (Hodie Mihi, Cras Tibi)
  • Three views of a deformed femur lent by George Rolfe
  • Albinus’s cabinet of anatomical preparations at the University of Leiden
  • A chick in the egg shown in cross section
  • Skeleton of a frog
  • Copulating frogs
  • Rattlesnake
  • The Armadillo or the hog in armour from South America
  • The beak of a phoenicopterus, or flamingo
  • Bones of the spine, ribs, vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx
  • Bones of the spine, ribs, vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx
  • Scapula bones
  • Bones of the sacrum and coccyx (Table 15)
  • The bones of the shoulder
  • A Skeleton in Profile as Death or Time
  • The cranium sectioned (recto)
  • The skull sectioned (verso)
  • Presentation cup
  • William Hunter’s Covent Garden house in The North-east Corner of Covent Garden Piazza
  • William Hunter
  • Richard Mead
  • Richard Mead
  • Portrait of an Unidentified Gentleman
  • Dr. William Harvey
  • Walter Charleton
  • John Radcliffe
  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • Statue of John Radcliffe by John Michael Rysbrack, in the Radcliffe Camera
  • Frank Nicholls
  • Bookplate of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia
  • William Hunter’s personal device, a hunter’s horn, stamped in gold leaf on the binding of Homer
  • The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
  • Crowns, Mitres, Maces ETC (subscription ticket for Four Prints of an Election)
  • William Hunter’s catalogue of his medical library, pp. 49–50
  • William Hunter’s Common Catalogue of his library (nonmedical), p. 20
  • William Hunter’s Aldine edition of Plato: Aldus Manutius’s printer’s mark from title-page
  • William Hunter’s Aldine edition of Plato: binding and scale
  • The origin and progress of Printing Greek, in the 15th Century
  • William Hunter’s copy of Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language
  • Definition of library
  • List of Books Lent, verso 4, recto 5
  • William Hunter’s copy of James Douglas, Bibliographiae anatomicae specimen
  • One of William Hunter’s copies of Geoffrey Chaucer, The Boke of the Tales of Canterburie
  • Two Introductory Lectures
  • Proof after letters for plate VI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • The child in the womb in its natural situation
  • The placenta at full time
  • The decidua covering the outer surface
  • Diagram of the anatomy of pregnancy
  • Figure revealing the anatomy of the uterus
  • Table XV in William Smellie, A Sett of Anatomical Tables with Explanations, and an Abridgment, of the Practice of Midwifery
  • Third table in Charles Nicholas Jenty, The Demonstrations of a Pregnant Uterus of a Woman at Her Full Time
  • Drawing for plate II in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy, the anterior wall of the pelvis removed
  • Plate I in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate IV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Corpus luteum of pregnancy at term
  • Plate XV, in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus, detail: fig. V (ovary of pregnant subject, showing the corpus luteum)
  • Plate XXVI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus, detail: fig. IV
  • Proof after letters for plate II in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Plate XXXIV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus, detail: fig. I
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy, the anterior wall of the pelvis removed, detail
  • Plate IV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus, detail
  • Johann Christian Fabricius
  • Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta
  • Admission ticket to the British Museum
  • Guillaume-Antoine Olivier
  • Entomologie, ou Histoire naturelle des insectes
  • Illustrations of Natural History
  • Rudolf Erich Raspe
  • Mummy
  • A Critical Essay on Oil-Painting
  • Pieter Camper
  • Natuurkundige verhandelingen over den orang-outang; en eenige andere aapsoorten; over den rhinoceros met den dubbelen horen; en over het rendier
  • Justus Christian Loder
  • Beschreibung der physiologischen und pathologischen Präparate welche in der Sammlung des Herrn Hofrath Loder zu Jena enthalten sind
  • Table I, from William Hunter's Bemerkungen über die bey schweren Geburten empfohlene Zertheilung der Schaambeine
  • Table II, from William Hunter's Bemerkungen über die bey schweren Geburten empfohlene Zertheilung der Schaambeine
  • Index praeparatorum aliarumque rerum ad anatomiam spectantium, que in museo caesareae universitatis Mosquensis servantur
  • Samuel Thomas Sömmerring
  • A View of Matavai Bay in the Island of Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • Omai, a Polynesian
  • Tools &c from the South Sea Isles (flute, food pounder, chisel, adze, and sewing needle, from the Society Islands)
  • Portrait of a New Zealand Man
  • Various Instruments, & Utensils, of the Natives of Otaheite, & of the adjacent Islands
  • Various kinds of Instruments Utensils &c., of the Inhabitants of New Zealand, with some Ornaments &c., of the People of Terra del Fuego & New Holland
  • Dr. John Fothergill
  • Three paddles from New Zealand
  • War club
  • David Samwell
  • Architectural drawing for 16 Great Windmill Street, London
  • Northern and southern stellar hemispheres with explanatory text in Chinese
  • Plate LXXIV, for Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • Cyclopaedia: or, An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences
  • Emperor Franz I Stephan with the Directors of His Collections
  • A Sketch for the Entombment
  • Entry on gold from William Hunter, Catalogue of Minerals
  • Lectures Anatomical and Chirurgical by Wm Hunter, Physician Extraordinary to Her Majesty, Professor of Anatomy to the Royal Academy and Fellow of the Royal and Antiquarian Societies
  • Catalogue of Anatomical Preparations
  • Preparations of the eye
  • Nummorum veterum populorum et urbium, qui in museo Gulielmi Hunter asservantur descriptio figuris illustrata
  • Engraved printing plate for plate 9, in Charles Combe, Nummorum veterum populorum et urbium ... descriptio
  • Essai d'un distribution généalogique des sciences et des arts principaux
  • L’estrif de fortune et vertu
  • William Hunter’s note
  • The Nilgai
  • Nyl-ghau (Nilgai)
  • Eye of the Neel Ghaw (Nilgai)
  • William Hunter
  • William Hunter
  • William Hunter, detail
  • Death–Mask of William Hunter
  • Dorothea Hunter, Mrs. James Baillie
  • Reverend James Baillie
  • Bothwell Castle
  • Letter to William Cullen concerning a Continental tour
  • Letter to William Cullen concerning a proposal to move his anatomy school to Glasgow
  • Memorandum regarding the establishment of a museum at the University of Glasgow
  • Architectural drawing for 16 Great Windmill Street, London
  • History of the Venereal Disease
  • Draft of letter to William Hunter on the death of David Hume
  • Will and codicils
  • Notarised transcript of William Hunter’s Scottish will
  • A Catalogue of Sundry Elegant Solid Gold Snuff-Boxes, of Rich Workmanship…
  • A Catalogue of Sundry Elegant Solid Gold Snuff-Boxes, of Rich Workmanship…
  • Obstetrical forceps
  • Draft of a concluding lecture on midwifery
  • Presentation cup
  • Certificate of attendance for William Hunter’s course of anatomical and chirurgical lectures
  • William Hunter’s Journal of Attendance on Her Majesty Queen Charlotte as Physician Extraordinary
  • Royal Academy Diploma
  • Lectures Anatomical and Chirurgical by Wm Hunter, Physician Extraordinary to Her Majesty, Professor of Anatomy to the Royal Academy and Fellow of the Royal and Antiquarian Societies
  • William Hunter Lecturing
  • Écorché figure
  • Écorché figure
  • Écorché figure
  • Écorché figure
  • Dr. William Hunter
  • De humani corporis fabrica
  • Écorché figure, holding aside sternum
  • Opera omnia anatomico-medico-chirurgico
  • Écorché figure
  • Human Pelvic Bone
  • Badly united fracture of the tibia and fibula at the junction of the lower and middle thirds
  • Fracture at the middle of the radius united with ankylosis to the ulna
  • Osteographia, or The Anatomy of the Bones
  • Study of a Child in Utero
  • Cunicularii or The Wise Men of Godliman in Consultation
  • Letter to James Douglas concerning the Rabbit Woman of Godalming
  • A Sett of Anatomical Tables with Explanations, and an Abridgement, of the Practice of Midwifery
  • The Analysis of Beauty: Plate I, A Statuary’s Yard
  • The Four Stages of Cruelty: The Reward of Cruelty
  • The Resurrection or an Internal View of the Museum in W-D-M-LL Street, on the last Day
  • Doctors Dissecting
  • The Anatomist Overtaken by the Watch ... Carrying off Miss W–in a Hamper
  • Catalogue of Anatomical Preparations
  • Observations, Anatomical and Physiological, Wherein Dr. Hunter’s Claim to Some Discoveries Is Examined
  • Testicle injected with mercury by the vas deferens
  • Facetted gall stones, from one case
  • Calculi
  • Preparation of the lung of a turtle
  • Preparation of the Lung of the Turtle
  • The arteries and veins of the intestines: ileum
  • The arteries of the intestine
  • Fetal part of the placentula of a cow
  • The sclerotic and choroid coats of the eye
  • The anterior chamber of the eye, the ciliary body, and the iris
  • The choroid and ciliary processes, and arteries of the iris
  • The arteries of the iris
  • The crystalline lens in situ
  • Eight teeth showing the parts of a tooth
  • Teeth in transverse section, showing the pulp cavities
  • Formation and growth of teeth
  • Severe lateral curvature of the spine
  • Cancellous end of a long bone
  • The lymphatics of the intestine: lacteals of a porpoise
  • Tuberculosis of the kidney
  • Tuberculosis of the kidney: hydronephrosis
  • Tuberculosis of the kidney and ureter: advanced
  • Tuberculosis of the kidney and ureter: very advanced
  • The arteries of the intestine
  • The arteries of the intestine
  • The arteries of the intestine
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy, from right
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy, from left
  • Drawing for plate II in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate II in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Drawing for plate III in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate III in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • The uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy, the anterior wall of the pelvis removed
  • Drawing for plate IV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate IV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • The child in the womb in its natural situation
  • Drawing for plate VI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof for plate VI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate VI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Drawing for plate XIII in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Drawing for plate XVI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Drawing for plate XVII in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Drawing for plate XXI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • First-state proof before letters for plate XXI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate XXI in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Uterus and ovum in the fourth month
  • Drawing for plate XXXI, fig. II, in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof for plate XXXI, detail, fig. II, in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Three drawings for plate XXXIV, figs. I–III, in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Annotated proof before letters for plate XXXIV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Proof after letters for plate XXXIV in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Attitude of the fetus, breach presentation, first position, cord around neck, from right
  • Attitude of the fetus, breach presentation, first position, cord around neck
  • Attitude of the fetus, breach presentation, first position, cord around neck, from right
  • Attitude of the fetus, breach presentation, first position, cord around neck
  • Letter to William Hunter
  • The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus Exhibited in Figures (Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata)
  • Plate I in William Hunter, The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus
  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • Dr. William Harvey
  • Landscape in Holland
  • Still Life with Dead Game
  • Head of an Old Man
  • Peasant Family at a Well (La marchande de légume)
  • A Sketch for the Entombment
  • A Lady Taking Tea (Une dame qui prend du thé )
  • The Scullery Maid
  • The Cellar Boy (Le garcon cabaretier)
  • Lady Maynard
  • Isabella, Countess of Hertford
  • The Hunting of Actaeon by Diana
  • Common Catalogue
  • List of Books Lent
  • Tēs tou Homērou Iliados ho tomos proteros
  • Hunterian Psalter
  • Speculum phlebotomiae and Practica chirurgiae
  • The Romaunt of the Rose
  • The Romaunt of the Rose
  • Vita Christi
  • Apocalypse
  • Quattuor Evangelia
  • al-Qur’ān (sūras 1–3)
  • Idolum Tangutanum
  • Letter to William Hunter
  • Taqwīm al-abdān fī tadbīr al-insān
  • Galeni opera ex nona Iuntarum editione
  • L’estrif de fortune et vertu
  • William Hunter’s note
  • Historie del S. D. Fernando Colombo; nelle quali s’ha particolare, & vera relatione della vita, & de’ fatti dell’Ammiraglio D. Christoforo Columbo, suo padre
  • Naturalis historia
  • Ars moriendi
  • De officiis
  • William Hunter’s note
  • El ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha
  • Hē tou Homērou Ilias
  • The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
  • De naturali hominum socialitate
  • Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica
  • Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, editio secunda auctior et emendatior
  • Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, editio tertia aucta et emendata
  • Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers
  • Poissons, ecrevisses et crabes
  • An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
  • Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects
  • Trattato della pittura di Lionardo da Vinci, novamente dato in luce, con la vita dell’istesso autore, scritta da Raffaelle Du Fresne. Si sono agiunti i tre libri dellapittura, et il trattato della statua di Leon Battista Alberti, con la vita del medesimo
  • Campi Phlegraei: Observations on the Volcanos of the Two Sicilies as They Have Been Communicated to the Royal Society of London
  • Monumenti antichi inediti, spiegati ed illustrate
  • John Evelyn
  • Portraits de Nanteuil
  • A Catalogue of the Genuine and Entire Collection of Valuable Gems, Bronzes, Marble and Other Busts and Antiquities, of the late Doctor Mead
  • Dr. Richard Mead
  • William Cullen
  • Combat with Lions
  • Long Landscape with a Bridge
  • The Birth of Venus
  • Kunyu Quantu, cartouches
  • Kunyu Quantu, eastern hemisphere
  • Kunyu Quantu, western hemisphere
  • Stater of Lachares
  • Aurei, double aureus, and solidi of the Roman Emperors
  • Aurei, double aureus, and solidi of the Roman Emperors
  • Aurei, double aureus, and solidi of the Roman Emperors
  • Aurei, double aureus, and solidi of the Roman Emperors
  • Noble of David II
  • Koban
  • Koban
  • Koban
  • Dinaras of the Gupta Kings
  • John VIII Palaeologos
  • Professor Francis Hutcheson
  • Nummorum veterum populorum et urbium, qui in museo Gulielmi Hunter asservantur, descriptio figuris illustrata
  • Engraved printing plate for plate 9, in Charles Combe, Nummorum veterum populorum et urbium ... descriptio
  • A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World Performed in Her Majesty’s Ships the Resolution and Adventure, in the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775
  • Knife (maripi)
  • Hand club (patu paraoa)
  • Two-Handed weapon (taiaha)
  • Paddle (hoe)
  • Cloak (kaitaka)
  • Drum
  • Decorated water gourd (ipu pawehe)
  • Barkcloth (kapa)
  • Pair of bracelets (kupe’e ho’okalakala)
  • Basket (kato mosi kaka)
  • Headrest (kali hahapo)
  • Club (apa’apai )
  • Gorget (taumi )
  • Adze (to‘i )
  • Dance paddle (rapa)
  • Hand club
  • Bird rattle (kuhmī n)
  • Model kayak (baidarka)
  • Harpoon head
  • Fish-Hook
  • Leister head
  • Hunter Amber Goblet
  • Parade shield
  • Horned screamer
  • Letter to William Hunter
  • Directions for Bringing over Seeds and Plants, from the East-Indies and Other Distant Countries
  • The Nilgai
  • Eye of the Neel Ghaw (Nilgai)
  • Nyl-ghau (Nilgai)
  • The Moose
  • Zebra
  • A Blackbuck
  • The Anatomy of the Horse ... In Eighteen Tables, All Done from Nature
  • Two-horned rhinoceros, left profile
  • Trustee Catalogue of the Shells
  • Historiae Conchyliorum
  • Laciniate conch shell
  • Pacific volute shell
  • Glory of the Seas cone shell
  • Two leafy hornmouth shells
  • Two golden cowrie shells
  • Goldmouth turban shell
  • Four cone shells
  • Fothergill’s barnacle
  • Thorny oyster shell, with Serpula tube-worms
  • Thorny oyster shell, with Noah’s Ark shell
  • The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes, Collected from Various Parts of the Globe
  • Madrepora aspera, now Echinophyllia aspera
  • Madrepora phrygia, now Leptoria phrygia
  • Madrepora abdita, now Favites abdita
  • Madrepora annularis, now Orbicella annularis
  • Madrepora angulosa, now Mussa angulosa
  • Two Cuban painted land snails
  • Sea-lily
  • Trustee Catalogue of Insects
  • Illustrations of Natural History
  • Goliath beetle
  • Drawer of jewel beetles
  • Drawer of bees
  • Eastern black swallowtail butterfly
  • Madagascan pipevine swallowtail butterfly, dorsal
  • Madagascan pipevine swallowtail butterfly, ventral
  • Zebra longwing butterfly
  • Blue tiger butterfly
  • Rhetenor blue morpho butterfly
  • Mango longhorn beetle
  • Longhorn beetle
  • Clearwing swallowtail butterfly (female)
  • Clearwing swallowtail butterfly (male)
  • Neptune beetle
  • Systema naturae
  • Chalcopyrite, variety blister ore
  • Copper, intergrown with white quartz
  • Cassiterite crystals, with topaz crystals and fluorite, on quartz; and two cassiterite specimens
  • Quartz, variety chalcedony
  • Acanthite crystal and silver bead
  • A New Method to Assaying Copper Ores
  • Invoice for minerals
  • Experiments Made in Order to Ascertain the Nature of Some Mineral Substances
  • Blue hemimorphite
  • Sulphur
  • Gold, variety electrum, in brownish quartz-rich rock
  • Mastodon tusk
  • Mastodon tooth
Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Contents
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
~When the Royal Academy of Arts in London was founded in 1768, exactly two hundred and fifty years ago, Dr William Hunter (1718–1783) became its first professor of anatomy. The exhibition William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum, together with this publication, marks another anniversary: the tercentenary of Hunter’s birth. The...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
~William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum has been a complex undertaking requiring the sustained enthusiasm, expertise, and engagement of many colleagues, friends, and supporters on both sides of the Atlantic for more than a decade. Although there are inevitably those who cannot be thanked individually, we extend our deepest gratitude to all who have...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Contributors’ Biographies
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
~
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Part I
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
The Hunterian Museum opened its doors to the visiting public at the University of Glasgow in 1807, presenting its treasures in a purpose-built Neoclassical temple designed by the Scottish architect William Stark (1770–1813) (fig. 1). It was the first institution of its kind in Scotland and had been founded, and its construction funded, through the bequest of an...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.25-47

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
It might be said that William Hunter preserved the remains of his teacher and mentor James Douglas, MD, FRS (1675–1742), a fellow Scot who served as Physician Extraordinary to Queen Caroline. While Douglas’s body was interred at the church of St Andrew’s, Holborn, the rest of his physical legacy is held mainly among Hunter’s collections at the University of Glasgow, which reveal that the protégé kept an astonishing number of the master’s possessions: a profusion of papers,The Douglas papers are now part of the Archives and Special Collections at the University of Glasgow Library. They first came to light in 1908, when they were housed in the Blackburn Cabinet at the Hunterian Museum; see John Young and P. H. Aitken, A Catalogue of the MSS in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow: MacLehose & Sons, 1908). The papers were subsequently catalogued by K. Bryn Thomas in James Douglas of the Pouch and His Pupil William Hunter (London: Pitman Medical Publish
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.49-71

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
William Hunter, the accomplished physician and anatomist, left two wills, one English and one Scottish, in which he, respectively, bequeathed his vast, varied collections in London to the University of Glasgow and designated funds for the building of a museum...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.73-89

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
As systems of knowledge and value have shifted over the two hundred years since William Hunter’s collection became a public museum, his varied acquisitions have waxed and waned in their perceived significance. This is particularly true of his library of over ten thousand printed volumes and about six hundred and...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.91-107

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Among historians of art and medicine alike, William Hunter’s Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus Exhibited in Figures (1774) is best known for its engraved plates. Thirty-four in all, these depict the pregnant human womb at various stages of development, and in progressive...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.109-125

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
As Dr. W. Hunter’s Museum is so much visited and extolled by Foreigners, I am the more surprised that it hath not been more taken Notice of by English Writers”.Anon., “To the Printer of the St. J....
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.127-141

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
The voyages of Captain James Cook (1728–1779) figure paradoxically in British and European history. Cook is commonly regarded as the greatest sea explorer of all time and is the subject of a steady stream of popular biographies and television documentaries. His expeditions are prominently featured in maritime...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.143-157

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
This essay explores the nature of William Hunter’s museum and seeks to identify the underlying concepts that connect together the diverse elements of his extensive collections. Recovering these is no easy task, since the museum encompasses academic disciplines that are now considered separate, as well as a multiplicity of artefacts and objects with distinct histories. Despite this apparent...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.159-175

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Free
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Part II
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Occasional clues to the character and personality of William Hunter may be extracted from the objects in his collections, when they are interrogated with their owner in mind: the networks through which a given item was acquired may reveal Hunter’s patterns of professional or business relationships. The nature of a particular area of the collection, or the decision to concentrate on one...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.178-195

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
William Hunter enjoyed an international reputation as a teacher. By the late 1760s, his pedagogic practice extended from practical instruction in dissection for students of medicine—conducted by this time in the purpose-built premises at Great Windmill Street designed for him by Robert Mylne (see cat. 10)—to the elucidation of human anatomy and its...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.196-209

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Drawing and anatomy went closely together in the eighteenth century, when depicting the configuration of bodily parts and systems accurately was essential to expanding medical and scientific knowledge. William Hunter’s involvement with anatomical drawing began before his arrival in London in 1740. He would already have seen drawings used as visual aids in the lectures he attended in...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.210-227

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
William Hunter’s anatomical and pathological collection numbers more than three thousand specimens, making it one of the outstanding assemblages of its kind in the world. Housed in the Museum of Anatomy at the University of Glasgow (which also holds post-Hunter materials), the Hunter specimens—in most cases, still in their eighteenth-century glass jars—remain an...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.228-247

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
William Hunter commenced his study of the anatomy of the human gravid uterus in the winter of 1750–51, a project that has continued to define his medical reputation to the present day. He had arrived in London in 1740 to apprentice himself to William Smellie (1697–1763) and acquire the obstetric skills required of a successful provincial doctor. Though Smellie eventually...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.248-273

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
In the autumn of 1771, in a lecture to students at the Royal Academy of Arts, William Hunter demonstrated his awareness of the then-inflated prices of paintings in this comment on the art market: “A general taste for the Arts prevails; the best works of Artists are sought for...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.274-287

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
William Hunter’s library is one of the largest private libraries of the eighteenth century to survive intact, consisting of about ten thousand printed books and six hundred and fifty manuscripts. It is now...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.288-323

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
By the eighteenth century the virtual royal and aristocratic monopoly on accumulating valuable art and artefacts was giving way to the fresh pursuit of this activity by the rising professional classes, including lawyers, doctors, academics, and merchants. In no field was this better exemplified than in the formation of coin cabinets, among which, by the 1770s, that assembled by William Hunter...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.324-335

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
From the preparations and casts produced by William Hunter in his investigation of the anatomy of the human gravid uterus, through the determined amassing of one of the eighteenth century’s greatest collections of numismatics, to his library, in which could be found printed books and manuscripts produced in every corner of...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.336-353

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
William Hunter owned an impressively large number of natural history specimens, originating among both living things (plants and animals) and non-living (see “Ores and Fossils”, in this volume, pp. 398–409). His herbarium (plants) and his collections of insects, shells, and other invertebrates encompassed thousands of items, while he had many hundreds of vertebrate specimens.
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.354-397

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
About 1764–65, Elizabeth, Lady St Aubyn, sent a collection of mineral specimens from Cornwall to London as a gift to William Hunter.The St Aubyns,...
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Related print edition pages: pp.398-409

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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Appendices
PublisherYale Center for British Art
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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Selected Bibliography
PublisherYale Center for British Art
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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Index
PublisherYale Center for British Art
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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Photography Credits
PublisherYale Center for British Art
William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
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