List of illustrations

  • Aerial view of government property, with East Valley at the top
  • Central Service Building, brickstamp
  • Central Vestibule and its eastern extension, looking west
  • Island Enclosure, retoration in progress
  • Marble fountain(?) in the form of a stadium
  • Aerial view across the East-West Terrace, looking east
  • Bust of Hadrian
  • Head of Hadrian(?)
  • Gold coin of Hadrian
  • Sketch plan of the Villa's environs
  • View from the west rim of the East-West Terrace, looking north
  • Agro Tiburtino
  • Southernmost Ruins, aqueduct arches
  • Oval arena and Water Court substructures, looking west
  • Tombs beside the Via Tiburtina
  • Service Quarters, area at the junction of the East-West and Angled Terraces, looking northwest
  • Road leading east under the East Terrace
  • Central Vestibule, entrance, looking south
  • Central Vestibule, plan
  • Passage from the North Service Building to the Peristyle Pool Building, looking south
  • Republican villa, plan
  • Residence, Ceremonial Precinct, and North Service Building, plan
  • Residence Quadrangle and northern sector of the Residence, looking southwest
  • Villa zones
  • Hall of the Cubicles, Portico Suite, and East Belvedere, plan
  • Aerial view of the Residence and surrounding structures
  • Fountain Court, plan
  • Fountain Court, looking southwest
  • Aerial view of the Northern Ruins, North Theatre at center left
  • Fountain Court, north wall, looking southwest
  • Nymphaeum below the Doric Temple, and the Casino Fede and the Northern Ruins, looking west
  • North Theatre, stage building to the right, looking west
  • Model showing the Central Vestibule and Angled Terrace and their environs, looking north
  • Scenic Canal, with the buttressed Upper Park wall beyond, looking southeast
  • Scenic Triclinium, looking southeast
  • Subterranean road below the Water Court, looking northwest
  • Doric Temple, looking northeast
  • Central Vestibule, Doric fragment
  • Ceremonial Precinct, northeast corner, restoration
  • Peristyle Pool Building, columns at the northeast corner
  • Water Court nymphaeum capital and column base
  • Circular Hall, interior detail
  • Smaller Baths, exterior north wall
  • Scenic Canal, east colonnaded walkway
  • Ambulatory Wall, west end turning curve with column positions
  • Canal Block, façade looking south
  • Peristyle Pool Building, cryptoportico east gallery, looking south
  • Smaller Baths, exercise court north wall, reticulate facing
  • East Valley from the East Belvedere, looking south
  • Doric Temple Area, model, looking southeast
  • East Belvedere from below, looking south
  • West Belvedere, looking east
  • Fountain Court East, interior and apse
  • Residence basilica, looking northeast
  • Residence, northeast border cubicles, looking north
  • Library, southeast wall, looking east
  • Residence, nymphaeum triclinium, looking east
  • Canal Block façade, detail looking west
  • Service Quarters under the East-West Terrace west rim, looking east
  • Service Quarters, looking south
  • Service Quarters under the Angled and East-West Terraces, looking north
  • Central Service Building, looking southeast
  • Central Service Building, ground-floor plan
  • South Theatre, interior, looking west
  • Ambulatory Wall, south face, looking west
  • Southernmost Ruins, ambulatory wall and return
  • Southernmost Ruins, remains of the ambulatory return
  • Hall of the Cubicles, looking northwest
  • Circular Hall and environs, plan
  • Circular Hall, northwest façade, looking east
  • Circular Hall, interior, looking northeast
  • Curved wall of the chamber just southeast of the Circular Hall, looking southeast
  • Circular Hall, flanking peristyle, looking southeast
  • Portico Suite, looking southeast
  • Portico Suite, vaulted gallery along the southeast side, looking southwest
  • Fountain Court East, plan
  • Heliocaminus Baths, plan
  • Heliocaminus Baths, circular room, looking northeast
  • Heliocaminus Baths, outdoor pool, looking south
  • Heliocaminus Baths, vault of octagonal room
  • Larger Baths, plan
  • Larger Baths, semicircular pool and columns
  • Larger Baths, view toward the semicircular pool, looking west
  • Larger Baths, circular room, looking northeast
  • Peristyle Pool Building, looking north
  • Peristyle Pool Building, cryptoportico windows, looking northeast
  • Stadium Garden, plan
  • Stadium Garden, east flank structures, looking northeast
  • Ceremonial Precinct, looking northeast from the southwesternmost chamber
  • Ceremonial Precinct, restoration detail
  • Fountain Court West, plan
  • Fountain Court West, interior, looking southeast
  • Stairs between the Island Enclosure and the Fountain Court West, looking southwest
  • Island Enclosure, looking northwest
  • Island Enclosure, plan
  • Island Enclosure, main axis looking south
  • Island Enclosure, southwest quadrant
  • Island Enclosure, ring colonnade, looking northwest
  • Island Enclosure, the Island, looking north
  • Island Ensloure, peristyle and environs, looking north
  • Island Enclosure, frieze detail
  • Island Enclosure, eastern half of the Island, looking north toward the Fountain Court West
  • Herodium, plan
  • Herodium, ring walls and peristyle, looking east
  • Smaller Baths, looking southwest from the Peristyle Pool Building
  • Smaller Baths, plan
  • Smaller Baths, roofs, looking north
  • Smaller Baths, room 13, looking southwest into the south pool
  • Smaller Baths, looking southwest from room 10
  • Smaller Baths, room 9 interior looking southeast
  • Reverse-Curve Pavilion, plan
  • Reverse-Curve Pavilion, looking east
  • Reverse-Curve Pavilion, interior of north pier, looking north
  • Water Court, plan
  • Water Court, vestibule, looking north
  • Water Court, vestibule exterior, looking east
  • Water Court, northwest interior flank, looking north
  • Water Court, northwest interior wall, detail
  • Water Court, southwest internal flank, looking southeast
  • Water Court, columns in the chamber just northeast of the nymphaeum
  • Water Court, external nymphaeum, looking southwest
  • Water Court, external nymphaeum, and remains just to the north, looking southwest
  • Water Court, external nymphaeum, pool area in front of the nymphaeum proper, looking northwest
  • Near Civitavecchia, Trajan's villa(?), plan
  • Arcaded Triclinium, plan
  • Arcaded Triclinium, aerial view, looking east to the Stadium Garden
  • Arcaded Triclinium, northernmost fountain, looking southwest
  • Arcaded Triclinium, eastern extension, looking west
  • Arcaded Triclinium, looking west
  • Arcaded Triclinium, water channel and columns in the south exedra, looking east
  • Arcaded Triclinium, south exedra and environs, looking west
  • Scenic Triclinium, stibadium and its vault, looking southwest
  • Scenic Triclinium, looking south
  • Scenic Triclinium and Canal, looking north from above
  • Scenic Triclinium, analytical sketch of interior surfaces
  • Scenic Triclinium, east pavilion, looking southeast
  • Scenic Triclinium and west pavilion, looking southwest
  • Scenic Triclinium, plan
  • Scenic Triclinium, looking west
  • Scenic Triclinium, water channels and vault exterior, looking northwest
  • Scenic Triclinium, east flank detail, looking southwest
  • Scenic Triclinium, axial extension, interior, looking south
  • Scenic Triclinium, axial extension, southern end
  • Scenic Triclinium, restored section by Sortias
  • High Ground, sketch plan
  • High Ground, aerial view looking south
  • Central Service Building, top story, plan
  • Upper Park, exit from the stair and corridor system coming up from the Larger Baths northeast corner, looking west
  • Atop the Underground Galleries, looking north
  • Park Rotunda, looking north
  • North Service Building, window detail
  • Park Grotto, looking southeast
  • Park Grotto, detail
  • South Theatre and Southern Hall, plan of underground elements
  • South Theatre, round building, looking southwest
  • South Theatre, analytical drawing
  • South Theatre, stage building elevations and restored view of the auditorium and round building
  • South Theatre, stage building, interior, looking southwest
  • South Theatre, auditorium and round building elevation, and restored plan
  • South Theatre, restored aerial view and building details
  • Southern Hall, exterior looking southeast toward the South Theatre façade
  • Underground Galleries, southwest passage, interior looking southeast
  • Underground Galleries, section and reverse ceiling plan
  • Villa floor mosaic
  • Scenic Canal, looking northwest
  • Scenic Canal, looking south from atop the Central Service Building
  • Scenic Canal, statues along the southwest edge, looking north
  • Scenic Canal, caryatids, looking southwest
  • Scenic Canal, looking northwest
  • Scenic Canal, north end, looking northwest
  • Statue of a Young Centaur, detail
  • Statue of an Old Centaur, detail
  • Faun
  • Head of a Scenic Canal caryatid
  • Amazon from the Scenic Canal
  • Hadrian renatus(?) from the Scenic Canal
  • Antinous relief
  • Antinous in Egyptian royal costume
  • Isis
  • Priestess of Isis
  • Lintel above an entrance to the bar in the Villa parking lot
  • Stadium Garden, pavement and painting at the north end
  • Central Service Building, painting on the north exterior wall of the forward row of cubicles
  • Scenic Triclinium, painted vaults in the southwest chamber
  • Peristyle Pool Building, cryptoportico painting
  • Peristyle Pool Building, cryptoportico painting
  • Larger Baths, stuccoed vault
  • Larger Baths, stuccoed vault, detail
  • Larger Baths, stuccoed vault, detail
  • Northern Ruins, stuccoed vault, detail
  • Circular Hall, north façade
  • Larger Baths, circular room, niche
  • Circular Hall, north exterior niche
  • Larger Baths, circular room
  • Larger Baths, circular room, reversed drawing
  • Larger Baths, circular room, niche detail
  • Portico Suite, central room, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 11, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 8, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 9, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 2, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 6, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 10, floor mosaic
  • Hall of the Cubicles, room 3, floor mosaic
  • Water Court, chamber beside the northwest interior border, floor mosaic, detail
  • Residence, room beside the basilica, floor mosaic, detail
  • Fountain Court West, floor mosaic, detail
  • Larger Baths, floor mosaic, detail
  • Residence, floor mosaic, border detail
  • Circular Hall, chamber opening off to the northeast, floor mosaic
  • Residence, basilica, floor mosaic panel
  • Centaurs floor mosaic
  • Residence, basilica, floor mosaic panel
  • Smaller Baths, room 13, fragments of marble décor
  • Arcaded Triclinium, square central room, eastern end, pavement and architectural elements
  • Room by the Water Court north corner, alabaster pavement
  • Smaller Baths, room 8, marble pavement, detail
  • Fountain Court East, marble pavement, detail
  • Water Court, marble pavement, detail
  • Peristyle Pool Building, marble pavement, detail
  • Water Court, walkway southwest corner, pavement, detail
  • Smaller Baths, cutaway drawing
  • Smaller Baths, room 1, vault painting
  • East-West Terrace Pool
  • Scenic Canal, north end, detail
  • High Ground, aqueduct
  • Water Court, central channel, looking northwest
  • Water Court, back wall of the main nymphaeum
  • Stadium Garden, curved south end
  • Residence fountains, looking southeast
  • Residence fountains, looking northwest
  • Fountain Court, northeastern sector, looking southeast
  • Nymphaeum and cistern beside the East Terrace curved wall
  • Nymphaeum above and southeast of the Scenic Triclinium
  • House of Venus Marina, garden painting
  • View northeast from the West Belvedere
  • View of the Residence from the Fountain Court West, looking southeast
  • Ambulatory Wall, south side looking east
  • Candelabrum, one of the Barberini Candelabra
  • Villa near Piazza Armerina, plan
  • Villa near Piazza Armerina, model
  • The Great Mosque, courtyard mosaics
  • The Great Mosque, courtyard mosaics, detail
  • Environs of Rome, detail of Tivoli and Hadrian's Villa
  • Reused columns in San Pietro, Tivoli
  • Villa Bulgarini looking south
  • Island Enclosure
  • Fountain Court West and Island Enclosure, plan
  • Circular Hall, plan and section
  • Fountain Court West and Island Enclosure, plan in the Codex Salluziano
  • Fountain Court West and Island Enclosure, plan in the Codex Salluziano
  • Circular Hall, plan and section in the Codex Salluziano
  • Barberini Codex: Stuccoed vault in the Larger Baths
  • Bramante's Tempietto
  • Water Court nymphaeum and Basilica of Maxentius in Rome
  • Larger Baths, detail of stuccoed vault showing signature of Giovanni d'Udine
  • Larger Baths, stuccoed vault
  • Island Enclosure, plan
  • Larger and Smaller Baths, plans
  • Villa decorative frieze
  • Sketches, including a column base from the Villa
  • West Belvedere and Canal Block, plans
  • Southern Range, plan
  • Southern Range, plan
  • Southern Range, vault and pavement designs
  • Plans of the Circular Hall, Reverse-Curve Pavilion, Fountain Court West, and other Villa structures
  • Contini plan of the Villa
  • Villa reconstruction
  • San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, composite capital with inverted volutes
  • Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza
  • Santa Maria in Campitelli, plan
  • Count Fede's properties at the Villa, plan
  • Cypress avenue planted by Count Fede, seen from the Ambulatory Wall
  • Island Enclosure, plan
  • Villa masonry, study
  • Larger Baths, stuccoed vault
  • Larger Baths and Central Service Building
  • Peristyle Pool Building cryptoportico, signatures of 1627 of Arrigo Blomaert and Nicholas Wolf
  • Circular Hall, northwest façade, niche, signature of 1765 of Hubert Robert
  • North Theatre
  • View evoking the Scenic Triclinium
  • Larger Baths, central hall
  • Larger Baths rotunda
  • Central Service Building framed by the stuccoed vault of the Larger Baths
  • Water Court vestibule, interior
  • Water Court vestibule, exterior
  • Larger Baths, rotunda
  • Central Service Building framed by the stuccoed vault of the Larger Baths
  • Larger Baths, central hall, looking northwest
  • Larger Baths, central hall, looking northeast
  • Smaller Baths, octagonal hall
  • Smaller Baths, room 13
  • Water Court perimeter wall and vestibule, looking south
  • Water Court vestibule, exterior
  • Water Court vestibule, interior
  • Circular Hall
  • Fountain Court West, looking east
  • Scenic Triclinium, axial extension
  • Scenic Triclinium, plan and frontal elevation
  • Scenic Triclinium
  • South Theatre, looking west
  • South Theatre, looking west
  • Larger and Smaller Baths, plans
  • Residence Quadrangle, cryptoportico at northwestern corner, signatures of 1763 of G. B. Piranesi and Jacques Gondoin
  • Peristyle Pool Building cryptoportico, southwest corner, Gondoin's signature of 1763
  • Fountain Court West, upper chamber, Gondoin's signature of 1763
  • Southern Hall, plan
  • Peristyle Pool Building cryptoportico, G. B. Piranesi's signature of 1741
  • Peristyle Pool Building cryptoportico, F. Piranesi's signature of 1771
  • Villa plan
  • The Piranesi plan, pl. I
  • The Piranesi plan, pl. II
  • The Piranesi plan, pl. III
  • The Piranesi plan, pl. IV
  • The Piranesi plan, pl. V
  • The Piranesi plan, pl. VI
  • The Piranesi plan, detail of pl. II, the Water Court
  • The Piranesi plan, preparatory drawing
  • The Piranesi plan, preparatory drawing, details of the Island Enclosure, Water Court, Park Rotunda, and other Villa structures
  • The Piranesi plan, preparatory drawing, details of the North Theatre, Northern Ruins, and Doric Temple Area
  • The Piranesi plan, preparatory drawing, detail of vignette of the Tomb of the Plautii
  • The Piranesi plan, preparatory drawing, details of the Underground Galleries, South Theatre, Platform Structure, and Park Grotto
  • Circular Hall
  • Scenic Triclinium
  • Ambulatory Wall and East-West Terrace
  • Larger Baths, central room
  • Apsidal Hall
  • Central Service Building
  • Water Court, perimeter wall, inner face
  • Water Court, perimeter wall, inner face, preparatory drawing
  • Scenic Triclinium, axial extension
  • Scenic Triclinum, axial extension, preparatory drawing
  • Portico Suite, gallery
  • Smaller Baths, octoganal hall
  • Smaller Baths, octagonal hall, preparatory drawing
  • Service Quarters, looking east
  • Island Enclosure
  • North Service Building, interior, looking north
  • West Belvedere
  • Campus Martius, detail of Hadrian's Mausoleum and environs
  • Landscape with Nymph and Satyr Dancing
  • Vatican, Belvedere Court
  • Rome, Villa Madama, plan
  • Palace of Charles V, courtyard
  • Villa d'Este, the Oval Fountain
  • Casino of Pius IV, portico and oval court
  • Fanciful plan of the Scenic Triclinium
  • Château of Gaillon, the Rocher and the Maison Blanche
  • False Etruscan tomb
  • Monument to Giulia Farnese Orsini
  • Statue of Cerberus
  • Mouth of Hades
  • Proposal for mounting the Antinous relief above a Villa Albani fireplace
  • Villa Albani, tempietto
  • Villa Albani, sham ruin
  • Albury Park, Surrey, terraces
  • Stowe, Buckinghamshire, plan of gardens
  • Temple of Ancient Virtue
  • Temple of Modern Virtue
  • Temple of British Worthies
  • Dying Gaul
  • Castle Howard, the Temple of the Four Winds
  • Castle Howard, the Mausoleum
  • Egyptianizing telamon from the Villa
  • Vatican Museum, Sala della Croce Greca, Egyptianizing telamons flanking a doorway
  • Muses from the South Theatre, drawn at the Villa Madama
  • Villa d'Este, the Rometta Fountain, showing casts of the Island Enclosure frieze
  • The Albani Antinous
  • The Albani Antinous
  • Portrait of a Young Man
  • Statue of an Old Centaur
  • Statue of a Young Centaur
  • The Young Centaur
  • Candelabrum with cranes
  • Candelabrum with elephant heads
  • The Warwick Vase
  • Pastoral scene, with a seated statue
  • Theatre masks and a lyre
  • Theatre mask and a griffin
  • Theatre mask and a panther
  • Statue of Hercules (Lansdowne Herakles)
  • Studio of Bartolomeo Cavaceppi, frontispiece to his "Raccolta
  • Centaur Bridge
  • Villa Borghese, Egyptian propylon
  • Island Enclosure, reconstruction
  • Underground Galleries
  • Scenic Triclinium, axial extension
  • Scenic Triclinium
  • Fountain Court West
  • West Belvedere
  • East Terrace, cistern
  • Larger Baths, central hall
  • Central Service Building, looking east
  • Villa ruins, restored panorama, looking southeast
  • Water Court, plan of the ruins
  • Water Court, restored plan
  • Water Court, longitudinal sections
  • Water Court nymphaeum, sections
  • Scenic Canal and Triclinium, restored plan
  • Doric Temple Area, restoration
  • Doric Temple Area, restoration
  • Ambulatory Wall and East-West Terrace
  • Scenic Triclinium, axial extension
  • Florida Southern College
  • Cooper House, plan
  • Vreeland's intervention in the Salk Institute plan for Kahn
  • Monticello, looking south from the south terrace
  • Forest Glen, National Park Seminary, pergola bridge from below
  • Wall of Peristyle Pool Building
  • Stone Markers Identifying Nodes
  • Sketch Plan of Hadrian's Villa near Tivoli
Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The army of artists and workmen who early in the second century fashioned the landscape and the scores of buildings of Hadrian’s Villa began a chain of artistic events whose measure has yet to be taken. Set among extended terraces on a vast, uneven tract below Tivoli and adorned throughout with fountains, pools, and sculpture, the Villa spread across an area twice that of Pompeii. Because of its novel forms and planning and brilliant visual and allusive invention, it is a major achievement of …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The ancient Via Tiburtina left Rome through the Porta Tiburtina (now the Porta San Lorenzo) and ran eastward fairly directly across the Campagna, the low but gullied and undulating plain of the Roman countryside; the modern Tiburtina mostly follows the same line. A branch line leading to the Villa left the Tiburtina about 5 kilometers southwest of Tivoli, crossing the Aniene on an ancient bridge, still standing and now called the Ponte Lucano (fig. 10). Half a kilometer further along, a road …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The Villa records both the principles and the potential of classical architecture. The long evolution of Greco-Roman design — from the Doric mode to the multichambered Roman baths, from the colonnade to the dome — is, so to speak, passed in review. Many Roman building types can be seen. But side by side with these familiar forms strikingly original buildings confidently carry the dynamic of classical architecture into territory previously unexplored. The creative impulse in Roman architecture is …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
Dio separates Hadrian’s dealings with the Senate from the many other duties his offices and paramountcy imposed. “He transacted with the aid of the Senate all the important and most urgent business, and he held court with the assistance of the foremost men, now in the palace, now in the Forum or the Pantheon or various other places, always seated on a tribunal so that whatever was done was made public.” The Ceremonial Precinct provided the appropriate Villa setting — immediately seen as …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The High Ground extends from the area between the Larger Baths and the Water Court to the far end of the Underground Galleries and covers some 180,000 square meters (fig. 145). For descriptive purposes it divides conveniently into three parts: the Upper Park, with its Rotunda, Grotto, and Platform Structure; the vast Galleries; and the South Theatre and Hall (which are aligned both with each other and with the Galleries long axis). Its marked elevation and broad, nearly level terrain, together …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The artistic spirit of the Villa is best contemplated at the Scenic Canal (fig. 165). Its colonnades and sculpture (mostly modern copies of originals now in the Canal Block), necessarily incomplete, may not reflect the original scheme faultlessly, but with the Canal proper they comprise the only truly informative example at the site today of a basic Villa principle: the skillful, evocative fusion of figural art with architecture and the landscape. Because the evidence is incomplete, Hadrian’s …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
Approximately nine hundred Villa rooms and corridors are known; two-thirds are well enough preserved to be recognizable and the rest were recorded in the past, chiefly by Piranesi. Whatever the original number, the nine hundred alone imply heavy staff responsibilities, and these, together with the setting and nature of Villa life, are the subjects here. Details of upper-class Roman daily activity and of the make-up and duties of an imperial household are available elsewhere; our objects are to …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
After Hadrian's death the record thins and soon stops. A few brickstamps and imperial portraits may suggest use of the Villa by his successors. The last secure evidence dates from the time of Caracalla (211–217), and at some point thereafter the Villa ceased to be an imperial property. In the fourth century the HA compiler and Aurelius Victor knew of it, presumably from earlier writers. Over the centuries the site was ransacked and much marble was consigned to the lime kilns, though some statues …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The eighteenth century was the golden age of antiquarian and artistic study at the Villa. More systematic excavations were undertaken, with more spectacular results, than at any time since Pirro Ligorio’s explorations in the mid-sixteenth century. Travel between northern Europe and Italy greatly increased following the War of the Spanish Succession in 1714, and the Grand Tour became an important component of a young male aristocrat’s education. Although Paris had outstripped Rome as a center of …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The Renaissance revival of the villa as an architectural type was predicated in large part on ancient literary accounts and on substantive remains. The Renaissance conception of the ancient villa, however, was influenced more by literary descriptions than by what little was known of its physical form. The desire of Renaissance patrons to revive the rural otium celebrated by such writers as Cicero and Pliny usually provided the primary stimulus to the architects they employed. In spite of the …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
Escaping centuries of abuse and neglect, a substantial body of art from the Villa has survived more or less intact. A recent catalogue of sculpture from the Villa lists 173 statues definitely found on the site and an additional 105 of less certain provenance. Both the quantity and the quality of the surviving sculpture are impressive. The modern visitor to the Villa, however, will not see most of it; fewer than 25 works, most from the excavation of the Scenic Canal in 1951–1954, are displayed in …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
Conditions at the Villa, and artistic and intellectual perceptions of it, changed greatly in the nineteenth century. Many internal property barriers were removed in the early 1870s, when the government of the new kingdom of Italy purchased half the site — four hundred years after Pius II and Biondi had identified it. Until then, a sense of the totality of the heavily built-up areas was hard to come by (true today of the extensive tract still in private hands); in this light, Piranesi’s work …

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Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
Piranesi’s plan is printed on six folio sheets with the Commentary arranged below in columns, seven per sheet. The Commentary is keyed to letters and numbers on the plan. Each entry in the following transcription records plate number, column number, and Piranesi’s numerical designation. Commentary appearing below a given plate does not necessarily correspond to the Villa features represented above it. Because the second plate of the plan contains by far the greatest density of ruins, relevant …

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Free
Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
The Getty Center for the Fine Arts and the Humanities supplied the photographs listed below and underwrote a photographic campaign at the Villa; at the Center Jeanne Marty, Susan Wester, and Claire Lyons were most helpful. We are also indebted to Karin Einaudi of the Fototeca Unione at the American Academy in Rome, to Giorgio Vasari of Rome for color images made under our direction, to W. B. Lundberg for advice about early photographers at the Villa, and to the persons and institutions listed …
Description: Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
1 Bog
2 North Theatre
3 Northern Ruins
4 Doric Temple Area

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Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy
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