List of illustrations

  • Société Anonyme signboard, detail
  • Société Anonyme membership card for Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray
  • Katherine S. Dreier, president of the Société Anonyme
  • Photograph of Marcel Duchamp
  • Exhibition rooms of the Société Anonyme, 19 East 47th Street, New York
  • DA-DA (New York Dada Group)
  • Invitation card for "do you want to know what a dada is?," lecture by Marsden Hartley and Katherine S. Dreier
  • Letter to Katherine S. Dreier
  • Katherine S. Dreier in the Société Anonyme Collection exhibition at the Yale University Art Gallery
  • Invitation to the Société Anonyme dissolution dinner at the New Haven Lawn Club
  • Brooklyn Bridge
  • Man in the Elevated (Train)
  • Tu m'
  • Abstract Portrait of Marcel Duchamp
  • Portrait of Marcel Duchamp (Triangles)
  • Marcel Duchamp in Katherine Dreier's New York apartment
  • Study for Portrait of Marcel Duchamp (Triangles)
  • Flower and Butterfly
  • Three heads (Joseph Stella and Marcel Duchamp)
  • Portrait of Marcel Duchamp
  • Portrait of Marcel Duchamp (Sculpture Made to Measure)
  • To Be Looked At (From the Other Side of the Glass) with One Eye, Close To, for Almost an Hour
  • Marcel Duchamp's To Be Looked At (From the Other Side of the Glass) with One Eye, Close To, for Almost an Hour
  • Battle of Lights, Coney Island
  • New York Interpreted (The Voices of the City): The Port (The Harbor); The White Way I; The Skyscrapers (The Prow); The White Way II (Broadway); The Bridge (Brooklyn Bridge)
  • Stella, exhibition brochure
  • Installation view of the International Exhibition of Modern Art, organized by Katherine S. Dreier and the Société Anonyme, Brooklyn Museum
  • Network of Stoppages (Réseaux des stoppages)
  • Pocket Chess Set
  • Société Anonyme stationery
  • To Katherine Dreier, Knight of the Société Anonyme
  • Fresh Widow
  • Wanted: $2000 Reward
  • Belle Haleine, Eau de Voilette (assisted Readymade)
  • Monte Carlo Bond
  • Archie Pen Co.
  • Postcard showing Jacques Villon, In Memoriam 1919
  • Florine Stettheimer's lace boudouir
  • Improvisation No. 7 (Storm)
  • The Eye of God
  • Archipentura (Chemise)
  • Archipentura (Nude)
  • Cover of Erst Russische Kunst Austellung (First Russian art show)
  • Proun 19D
  • Suprematism (formerly Abstraction)
  • Construction in Relief (formerly Space Construction C)
  • Tochil’schik Printsip Mel’kaniia (The Knife Grinder or Principle of Glittering)
  • Spatial Construction (formerly Construction no. 557)
  • Painterly Architectonic
  • Painterly Architectonic
  • At the Piano
  • Cover of Modern Russian Art
  • Portrait of Marcel Duchamp
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): The Machinery (Teil der Schaumaschinerie)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Sentinel (Posten)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Announcer (Ansager)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Globetrotter (in Time) (Globetrotter [in der Zeit])
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Anxious Ones (Ängstliche)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Troublemaker (Zankstifter)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Old Man (Head Two Paces Behind) (Alter [Kopf 2 Schritt hinten])
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Sportsmen (Sportmänner)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Gravediggers (Totengräber)
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): New Man (Neuer)
  • Cover of Broom
  • Cover of Modern Art
  • Advertisement for Polygraphic Company of America
  • Cover of Brochure Quarterly
  • 40 Variations (#9)
  • 40 Variations (#8)
  • Katherine S. Dreier and Koko at her home in Milford, Connecticut
  • Installation view of the International Exhibition of Modern Art, organized by Katherine S. Dreier and the Société Anonyme, Brooklyn Museum
  • Installation view of Alfred Stieglitz's 291
  • Installation view of the Armory Show
  • Installation view of the Société Anonyme exhibition, Worcester Art Museum
  • Installation view of the Société Anonyme exhibition, Worcester Art Museum
  • Installation view of the International Exhibition of Modern Art, organized by Katherine S. Dreier and the Société Anonyme, Brooklyn Museum
  • Installation view of the International Exhibition of Modern Art, organized by Katherine S. Dreier and the Société Anonyme, Brooklyn Museum
  • Installation view of the International Exhibition of Modern Art, organized by Katherine S. Dreier and the Société Anonyme, Brooklyn Museum
  • Installation view of The Museum of Modern Art, 11 West 53rd Street
  • Composition 1
  • Child with Dog
  • White with Black Wedge
  • Woman at the Card Table
  • Modern Art
  • Modern Art
  • Installation view of the International Exhibition of Modern Art, organized by Katherine S. Dreier and the Société Anonyme, Brooklyn Museum
  • The Pool
  • After "Olympia" by Manet
  • Merz 1003 (Peacock's Tail)
  • Katherine S. Dreier as a child
  • Dorothea, Mary, and Katherine S. Dreier
  • Katherine and Dorothea Dreier (?) in a gondola in Venice
  • Moonlight on the Thames, London
  • Composition I
  • The River Wuppe
  • The Workman (Der Arbeitsmann)
  • Separation (Trennung)
  • Room (Space Construction) (Zimmer)
  • Program for "Art of the Future," evening program at The New School for Social Research
  • Fox Trot A
  • Fox Trot B
  • Soccer Players (Fussballspieler)
  • Cartoon for a Mural Commemorating the Return of the Schneidemühl to the German Nation
  • Plan for the Fifth Floor, The New School for Social Research
  • Coal from America Today
  • The Table of Brotherhood and Ultimate Universality
  • Installation view of the Society of Independent Artists Exhibition at Grand Central Palace, New York
  • Letter to Katherine S. Dreier
  • Mme. Marcel Duchamp
  • Letter to Katherine S. Dreier
  • Kurt Schwitters
  • Library of The Haven, Katherine S. Dreier's home in West Redding, Connecticut
  • Letter to Katherine S. Dreier
  • Katherine S. Dreier in the gallery of The Exhibition of the Collection of the Société Anonyme—Museum of Modern Art (to the left is her own Two Worlds [Zwei Weleten])
  • Bulletin of the Associates in Fine Arts at Yale University, which served as the catalogue for Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture: Objects and Constructions
  • Cover of In Memory of Katherine S. Dreier, 1877–1952, the catalogue for the Yale University Art Gallery's memorial exhibition for Dreier on her death
  • South Sea Fishermen
  • Still Life with Bottle and Cup
  • Harlequin and Woman
  • Gate
  • Woman (Metal Lady)
  • Torso-Navel
  • Andante V
  • Soccer Players (Fussballspieler)
  • Still Life: Glass and Siphon
  • Caricature of Man Ray
  • Autumn (study for mural, Men's Day Room, Chronic Diseases Hospital, Welfare Island, New York)
  • Little French Girl (The First Step III)
  • Black and White Collage (Verre et musique)
  • Autumn Chilliness
  • Composition I
  • Red and Green Steps
  • The Eye of God
  • Big Bird (maquette)
  • Seated Nude
  • Man with Megaphone I (Homme a mégaphone, Etude I) [from designs for a mural in a cinema]
  • Metaphysical Interior
  • Vocalization
  • Composition
  • Wall Decoration—The Risen Christ
  • Construction
  • Simultaneous Composition (Composition simultanée), with frame
  • Still Life with Profile of Pitcher
  • Barnyard Fantasy
  • New York: The Little Church Around the Corner
  • Explosion
  • Composition 140
  • In advance of the broken arm or Snow Shovel
  • Accordion Masterpiece (Chef d'oeuvre accordéon)
  • Parrot
  • The Concert Singer
  • The Factory (Die Fabrik)
  • Anthropomorphic Figure (Plaster Man)
  • Abstraction
  • Model of the Column (formerly Model for Glass Fountain)
  • Joys of Brittany (Joies de Bretagne)
  • Landscape (Paysage)
  • Adeline Ravoux
  • Nighttime, Enigma, and Nostalgia
  • Vox Humana
  • Newspaper and Fruit Dish
  • On the Beach
  • Abstraction, No. 3
  • Rubber Plant
  • Female Bust
  • Sculpture
  • Woman at the Card Table
  • Separation (Trennung)
  • Z (The Speared Fish)
  • Improvisation No. 7 (Storm)
  • Collage
  • Composition 1
  • Typo-Plastic
  • Watercolor Sketch for "MA" (Aquarellskizze zu "MA")
  • Factory (geometrical abstraction)
  • Umbrella (La Parapluie)
  • Female Torso (Weiblicher Torso)
  • Man with Mandolin
  • Victory over the Sun (Sieg über die Sonne): Gravediggers (Totengräber)
  • City Shapes
  • Tochil’schik Printsip Mel’kaniia (The Knife Grinder or Principle of Glittering)
  • Fish
  • Deer Isle, Maine: Stonington Waterfront, Two Movements
  • Nude Seated in an Armchair (Nu assis dans un fauteuil)
  • Fabulous Race Track of Death (Instrument Very Dangerous to the Eye)
  • Spatial Construction (formerly Construction no. 557)
  • The Port
  • Somersault (Le Renversement)
  • Crescents and Cross
  • Happening (Geschehen)
  • Composition with Yellow, Blue, Black and Light Blue
  • Morning in the Flower Garden
  • Geometric Function K 5% (Funzione geometrica K 5%)
  • Head (Tête)
  • Two Figures
  • Room (Space Construction) (Zimmer)
  • The Dancer
  • Child with Dog
  • Universal Prostitution (Prostitution universelle)
  • The Bath
  • Painterly Architectonic
  • Suprematist Composition
  • Manikins
  • And Beyond, the Astral Idol (Et Là-Bas, L’idole astrale, l’apothéose)
  • Young Woman (Jeune femme)
  • Painting (formerly Machine)
  • Merz 316. Ische Gelb
  • The Workman (Der Arbeitsmann)
  • No. 46-1922: The Town
  • Construction 14
  • Resurrection or Memorial to Two Sisters
  • Heads
  • The White Heron
  • Equivalent
  • Machine Form
  • Turned Wood Sculpture (Sculpture en bois tourné)
  • New York Street Scene
  • At the Piano
  • Composition, 1923
  • Abstraction or Lady in Abstract
  • The Jockey
  • The Island of Peace
  • Woman (Metal Lady)
  • Bird Man
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: Mustache-hat (Schnurrhut)
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: The Ocean (Das Meer)
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: A Navel (Ein Nabel)
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: Navel Bottle (Die Nabelflasche)
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: Mustache-clock (Schnurruhr)
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: Egg Whisk (Eierschlager)
  • 7 Arpaden von Hans Arp: Arabian Eight (Arabische Acht)
  • Red and Green Steps
  • Fourth Flurry '48
  • Pastoral Scene
  • The Red Cat (Die rote Katze)
  • Sunrise III (formerly Sunset No. 3)
  • Rotary Glass Plates (Precision Optics), also known as Revolving Glass (Rotative plaque verre [Optique de précision])
  • Rotoreliefs (Optical Disks), also known as Play Toys
  • Box in a Valise (Boîte-en-valise)
  • Accordion Masterpiece (Chef d'oeuvre accordéon)
  • Ferryboat at Night
  • Model of the Column (formerly Model for Glass Fountain)
  • Vox Humana
  • On the Beach
  • Abstraction, No. 3
  • Female Bust
  • Head with Sign, Hand, Wheel, and Auto Horn
  • Tree and Wall
  • Z (The Speared Fish)
  • The Waterfall
  • Multicolored Circle (Mit Buntem Kreis)
  • Abstract Interpretation (Abstrakte Deutung)
  • Small Yellow (Kleines Gelb)
  • Autumn Flower (Herbstblume)
  • The Herald of Autumn (green/violet gradation with orange accent)
  • Red/Green Architecture (yellow/violet gradation) (Architektur rot/grun [gelb/violette Stufung])
  • Factory (geometrical abstraction)
  • The Train
  • Abstraction
  • Rhythm of Movement: Figure (Begwegungs-Rhythmus Figur)
  • Composition No. VII
  • Deer Isle, Maine: Stonington Waterfront, Two Movements
  • Fabulous Race Track of Death (Instrument Very Dangerous to the Eye)
  • Somersault (Le Renversement)
  • Two Women
  • The Dancer
  • Suprematist Drawing 3
  • Web
  • Ships
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Revolving Doors (one of ten)
  • Promenade
  • Painting (formerly Machine)
  • Monument to the Artist's Father
  • Mz 2012 Orient
  • Oval Construction
  • Carnival
  • Collage: Best Wishes for K S Dreier! (Collage: Für K S Dreier Viel Freude!), detail
  • Heads
  • Spring or The Procession
  • Untitled (The Dancer)
  • Still Life (Déjeuner, La Table servie, Nature morte)
Free
Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Free
Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
For more than sixty years the Yale University Art Gallery has had the good fortune of housing the Société Anonyme Collection of modern art as part of its permanent collection. Generations of Yale students, scholars, and members of our public audience have been fascinated by this unique assemblage of more than one thousand works. Canonical...
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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Acknowledgments
Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
It is the goal of this exhibition and publication to bring to light the extraordinary history of the Société Anonyme, which was founded in 1920 by...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
In 1921 Richard Boix, a cartoonist for Vanity Fair and The Dial, produced a cartoon showing Katherine Dreier and members of the Société Anonyme on the occasion of the organization’s Symposium on the Psychology of Modern Art and Archipenko (see fig. 6 in Gross’s introductory essay in the present volume). The...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
In 1920 Marcel Duchamp, the president of the Société Anonyme, designed stationery for the new organization. The logo he produced is sometimes called a “laughing ass,” but is, in fact, a chess knight...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
International forces and circumstances seemingly worked against her, yet Katherine S. Dreier became a leading player in the presentation of Russian artists in the United States between the two world wars. Her improbable achievement is a story that has been obscured by the anomalous character of the Société Anonyme, Inc., the “Museum of Modern...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Among the many public programs that Katherine Dreier organized under the auspices of the Société Anonyme, none rivaled the scope and ambition of the International Exhibition of Modern Art held at the Brooklyn Museum from November 19, 1926, to January 1, 1927...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
If American museums today have become known for their collections and building projects, with education overshadowed, the balance of operations of the Société Anonyme was quite the reverse. For the organization’s founders — the artists Katherine Dreier, Marcel Duchamp, and Man Ray, but especially Dreier...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
The rich tapestry of the life of the Société Anonyme is woven into the correspondence of Katherine S. Dreier (fig. 2) with the numerous artists, dealers, museum directors, writers, and collectors who formed its ranks. Its woof comprised the lives of the people she and Marcel Duchamp knew, each with a distinct set of values and aesthetics that...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Katherine Sophie Dreier was sixty-four years old on October 11, 1941, when the Yale Corporation “voted, to accept with gratitude the paintings, drawings, prints and sculpture known as the ‘Collection of the Société Anonyme — Museum of Modern Art 1920’ offered to the University through Miss Katherine S. Dreier of West Redding, Connecticut, ... dated this day by...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Sylvia Plimack Mangold and Robert Mangold were undergraduates at Yale in the decade that followed the Katherine S. Dreier Bequest and have been consistently active in the University’s art community...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Born in Bakou in 1900, Alajálov began making literary illustrations as a teenager in Rostov-on-the-Don. Such anecdotal genre scenes would characterize his murals and magazine covers (beginning with work for The New Yorker in 1926) throughout his career. After carrying out public and royal commissions in Russia and Constantinople, he emigrated to New York in...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Alexander Archipenko Woman (Metal Lady). 1923. Brass, copper, wood, new silver, paint, 54 5/16 × 20 11/16 × 3¾ in. (138 × 52.5 × 9.5 cm)...

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Exhibition Checklist

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Additional artists

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Selected Readings

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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
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Description: The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
Photograph Credits
The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America
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