List of illustrations

  • General plan of Riverside Illinois
  • Stourhead
  • Back Bay Fens
  • Central Park
  • View Towards Hudson Valley
  • Franklin Park
  • Court of Honor, World's Columbian Exposition
  • Lagoon with Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building, World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago
  • The Long Meadow, Prospect Park
  • Portrait of Clarence S. Stein
  • Portrait of Henry Wright
  • Radburn, New Jersey, view toward central open space, or "meadow.
  • Plan of Radburn, New Jersey
  • Along the Prado, Panama-California International Exposition, San Diego
  • Sunnyside Gardens, Borough of Queens, New York: part of a block with an inner court and three courts opening off the street, built in 1927
  • Sunnyside Gardens, an inner court built in 1926
  • Radburn, New Jersey, plan of Burnham Place
  • Chatham Village
  • Monet Painting in His Garden at Argenteuil
  • Baldwin Hills Village, Los Angeles, California: Plan
  • Odette Moneiro garden, Rio de Janeiro, 1948; current residence of Luis César Fernandez.
  • Plan of a garden around and under an apartment house on Pilotis, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Roof garden, Instituto de Resseguros do Brasil (Brazil Reinsurance Institute, Rio de Janeiro (now destroyed).
  • Santo Antonio da Bica, Burle Marx's country Home, Guartatiba, near Rio de Janeiro.
  • Portrait of Luis Barragán
  • Barragán's studio, seen from the garden. Barragán residence, Tacubaya, Mexico
  • The Soothsayer's Recompense
  • El Pedregal (The Rocky Place), entry to the residential subdivision, Mexico City.
  • El Pedregal, garden gateway
  • San Cristobal, Los Clubes, residential subdivision, Mexico City
  • Las Arboledas, entry to the residential subdivision, Mexico City
  • Roof garden, Barragán residence
  • Portrait of Isamu Noguchi. Noguchi stands by one of his works in his studio, now the Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum in Long Island City, New York
  • Stage set for Martha Graham's dance performance, "Errand into the Maze
  • Model for "Contoured Playground," not built
  • Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (now CIGNA) headquarters, Bloomfield, Connecticut: Terrace
  • Courtyard garden, CIGNA
  • Sculpture garden, viewed from Reading Room, Beinecke Rare Books Library, Yale University
  • California Scenario
  • Portrait of Thomas Church
  • Keator Garden, plan, Hillsborough, Califonia
  • Landscape (The Hare)
  • Meyer and Kuhn Garden
  • Sullivan Garden, San Francisco, California: Four alternative plans.
  • Sullivan Garden
  • Kirkham Garden, San Francisco, California, plan
  • Kirkham Garden, section
  • Kirkham Garden
  • Donnell Garden, Sonoma, California: Preliminary pool study
  • Donnell Garden, live oaks growing up through wooden deck
  • Vase—Bust
  • Donnell Garden, sculpture, pool, live oak.
  • Martin Garden, Aptos, California
  • Martin Garden
  • Portrait of Garrett Eckbo. Behind him is a plan for Ladera, a cooperative residential community in the San Francisco peninsula designed by a collaborative team including his firm, Eckbo, Royston, and Williams. (The plan was partially realized.)
  • Portrait of Robert Boyston
  • Portrait of Edward A. Williams
  • Farm Security Administration, multifamily housing, Firebaugh, California
  • Barcelona Pavilion, plan
  • Farm Security Administration, plan of a park near Gridley, California
  • Plan for Community Homes, Inc., Reseda, California
  • Muller Garden, plan
  • Muller Garden
  • Naify Garden, Woodside, California, axonometric plan
  • Alcoa Garden at the Eckbo residence, Laurel Canyon, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles. California
  • Construction
  • Sunbreak, or wind-screen, among other patio furnishings on exhibition at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
  • Standard Oil Rod and Gun Club
  • Mitchell Park, child's playground, Palo Alto, California: Axonometric Plan
  • Mitchell Park
  • Portrait of Lawrence Halprin
  • Bentley Wood," Chermayeff residence
  • Haas Garden
  • Caygill Garden, San Francisco Bay Area: plan
  • Walter and Elise Haas Promenade
  • Lawrence Halprin & Associates, group photo
  • Lovejoy Plaza, aerial view
  • Freeway Park
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
  • Sea Ranch, California, plan
  • Sea Ranch
  • Jacob Riis Plaza, aerial view
  • Jacob Riis Plaza
  • Paley Park
  • Henry Moore Sculpture Garden, Nelson Atkins Museum of Art, plan
  • Henry Moore Sculpture Garden, Nelson Atkins Museum of Art
  • Hamilton-Cosco Company
  • Oakland Museum, aerial view
  • Miller Garden, Columbus, Indiana
  • Miller Garden, apple orchard
  • Miller Garden, west terrace of house with weeping beeches
  • North Carolina National Bank, plan
  • North Carolina National Bank
  • Hamilton Garden
  • Basic plan types, chalk drawing on blackboard
  • Hideo Sasaki with Stuart O. Dawson, a student and, later, a colleague at Sasaki, Dawson, DeMay and Associates
  • A series of gardens, The Bloedel Reserve, Bainbridge Island, Washington, plan
  • Reflection Garden, The Bloedel Reserve
  • Sea Pines Plantation, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, detail of master plan
  • University of Michigan, Studies for Expansion of the Central Campus: plan
  • University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, aerial view of Central Campus
  • Deere and Company Headquarters, Moline, Illinois: plan
  • Deere and Company Headquarters
  • Constitution Plaza: aerial view
  • Foothill College, aerial view
  • Alcoa Plaza, Golden Gateway Center
  • Sidney Walton Square, Golden Gateway Center
  • Upjohn Company Headquarters
  • Upjohn Company Headquarters: courtyard
  • Weyerhaeuser World Headquarters, Federal Way, between Seattle and Tacoma Washington
  • Crocker Plaza
  • University of Colorado, at Boulder, Preliminary Site Plan for the Engineering Sciences Center
  • University of Colorado, at Boulder, campus buildings erected before World War II
  • University of Colorado, at Boulder, Engineering Sciences Center, amid panoramic view of the campus
  • DELMARVA (acronym for "Delaware, Maryland, Virginia"), computer-generated map
  • In the studio "Urbanization and Change," Harvard Graduate School of Design. Guided by computer-assisted analysis, Bruce White, a student, forecasts where changes in suburban Boston may occur, before producing a design plan to accommodate those changes--or oppose them.
  • Proposal for urban renewal of downtown Providence, Rhode Island: model
  • View of Manhattan Island
  • Land Features, from the Metropolitan Open Space from Natural Process study
  • From the Richmond Parkway Study, New York City, in Design with Nature: a series of maps (to be used as overlays) indicating areas of ecological, economic, social, and cultural value.
  • Siting study for Minnesota Power Plant: "Environmental Constraints Composite"
  • The California Housing
  • Woodbridge, Irvine, California: Landscape study, macro-scale
  • Woodbridge, aerial view
  • Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Marin County, California: master plan
  • Ethan's Glen
  • Promontory Point Housing
  • Concord Pavilion
  • Elkhorn Resort
  • Garden for Mr. and Mrs. J. Irwin Miller. Allée of honey trees and sculpture by Henry Moore.
  • Weyerhaeuser World Headquarters, Federal Way, between Seattle and Tacoma Washington
  • Odette Monteiro Garden; current residence of Luis César Fernandez
  • Las Arboledas, red wall
  • California Scenario
  • Garden for Mr. and Mrs. Dewey Donnell
  • Lovejoy Plaza
  • Paley Park
  • Garden of Planes, Bloedel Reserve
  • Deere and Company Headquarters
  • Foothill College
  • Tanner Fountain, Harvard University
Free
Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
~In 1975, after almost twenty years of continuous professional activity, I returned to teach at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. The years of practice had been intense in both growth and change. American corporations had returned to peacetime, expanded their power, and consolidated their self-image in a series of great corporate palaces. All levels of...
PublisherMIT Press
Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
Over the past 130 years, landscape architects have shaped portions of the American continents no more dramatically than water has shaped the land over geological periods of time...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.2-29

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
Between Olmsted’s era and that of American landscape architects who came of age just before and after World War II, nearly half a century of transformations had passed. Not only had people and their environments been forever changed by the intervening world wars...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.30-55

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
Three of the most provocative landscape designers of our time have come to the field without formal training in landscape architecture. Born in the Western Hemisphere at the dawn of the twentieth century, Roberto Burle Marx, Luis Barragán, and Isamu Noguchi pursued a range of arts and sciences...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.56-91

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
By the middle of this century, Thomas Church and his gardens had become an irresistible topic for the print media (figure 41). Talented, inventive, admired by his colleagues, and sought after by a burgeoning middle- and upper-middle-class clientele...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.92-115

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
On October 24, 1929, a day of unprecedented panic on Wall Street, Garrett Eckbo was eighteen years old. Robert Royston was eleven and Edward Williams, fifteen. On December 7, 1941, the day Pearl Harbor was attacked...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.116-143

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
A sequel to Lewis Mumford’s The Culture of Cities (1938) appeared more than twenty years later, his equally awesome The City in History (1961). By then, a second world war had shown the magnitude of power that man could wield against his fellow man and the environment...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.144-169

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
It was an enviable commission: to design a sculpture garden for a major art museum and to place within its seventeen acres of gently sloping ground a collection of twelve bronze pieces by Henry Moore. After a limited competition, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri, awarded this commission to Dan Kiley...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.170-197

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
“Common sense is actually nothing more than a deposit of prejudices laid down in the mind prior to the age of eighteen. Every new idea one encounters in later years must combat this accretion of ‘self-evident’ concepts...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.198-222

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
Recently Hideo Sasaki reflected on the early years of his multidisciplinary design firm, then known as Sasaki, Walker and Associates: “I’ve always felt that practice-the way we practice-is the same as teaching,” he observed...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.224-257

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
The setting was one of California’s finest ecotones: the meeting of land and ocean at Monterey Bay, where dunes, rocks, low-growing plants, and wind-sculpted Monterey pines gave way to mixed woodlands of pines and coast live oak...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.258-283

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
Every professional organization gains some self-awareness through the process of making annual awards, which serve as a mirror, reflecting the profession’s preferred image as well its main concerns and directions...
PublisherMIT Press
Related print edition pages: pp.284-310

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Description: Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
The growth and success of the landscape architectural profession in the past fifty years cannot eliminate the environmental impoverishment of America over the same period...
PublisherMIT Press

Access to this content is only available to subscribers. If you are at an institution that currently subscribes to the A&AePortal, please login to your VPN before accessing the site. If you have already purchased an individual subscription, please sign in to your account to access the content. Learn more about subscriptions.

Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape
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