List of illustrations

  • Portrait of Malik Ambar
  • Aspects of Negro Life, The Negro in an African Setting
  • Aspects of Negro Life: An Idyll of the Deep South
  • Aspects of Negro Life: From Slavery Through Reconstruction
  • Aspects of Negro Life: Song of the Towers
  • Portrait of Henry Thomas
  • Naked Figure from Behind
  • Bill Traylor, Symbols
  • Ku Klux Klan
  • Death (Lynched Figure)
  • Lovers
  • The Four Continents, Africa
  • The Banjo Lesson
  • The Warrick Tableau–Commencement Day
  • Untitled (Six Negro Leaders)
  • Quadroon Madonna
  • Mother and Daughter
  • Chester
  • WPA: Kids involved in painting and sculpture based upon spirituals, Jacksonville, Florida
  • Employment of the Negro in Agriculture
  • Emancipation of the Negro Slaves panel from "The Civil War" mural
  • Scottsboro Boys
  • Cycle of a Woman's Life, "Childhood" panel
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar
  • Self-Portrait (Myself at Work)
  • Self-Portrait
  • Negro Masks
  • Charlot
  • In Search of His Dream
  • Self-Portrait
  • Untitled
  • Untitled
  • The Breakdown
  • War Series: Going Home
  • Rabbit Man
  • Untitled
  • Frontispiece
  • Harlem Couple
  • Standing Conjure Woman
  • Untitled (African American Girl, half-length portrait, with right hand to cheek, with illustrated book on table)
  • Portrait of Willie Gee
  • Mask
  • Victory Monument
  • Portrait of Langston Hughes
  • High Yaller
  • Maudelle Bass Weston
  • Lieutenant Henry Benjamin Scott, United States Army Air Corps
  • Self-Portrait as a Young Man with a Mirror
  • The Drop Sinister—What Shall We Do With It?
  • Girl in a Red Dress
  • Deposition (Feral Benga)
  • The Wall
  • Black Soldier
  • Tin Can Battle, San Juan Hill, New York
  • Harlem at Night
  • Portrait of James VanDerZee
  • Harlem
  • Midsummer Night in Harlem
  • Green Pastures: Walls of Jericho
  • Lenox Avenue
  • Untitled
  • Harlem Series No. 20: In the Evening Evangelists Preach and Sing on Street Corners
  • Moon over Harlem
  • Negro Dance Hall
  • Negro Girl Dancer
  • Rise Shine for Thy Light Has Come
  • Rhapsody in Blue
  • Blues
  • Cabaret
  • Lift Every Voice and Sing (the Harp)
  • Jitterbugs (V)
  • The Blues Has Got Me
  • Jazz Quartet
  • Four African American women seated on steps of building at Atlanta University, Georgia
  • Hampton students, training in woodworking, building a stairway in a house in Hampton, Virginia
  • Portrait of Pal
  • Booker T. Washington
  • William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Marcus Garvey
  • Brown Madonna
  • Paul Robeson
  • The Boss
  • The Liberation of Aunt Jemima
  • Untitled
  • Zora Neale Hurston
  • Washington, D. C. Government Chairwoman
  • Fanny Lou Hamer Civil Rights Campaigner Visits a Southern Family
  • Birmingham, Alabama. 1963. Arrest of a Demonstrator
  • USA. Baltimore, MD. October 31, 1964. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. being greeted on his return to the US after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Coretta Scott King
  • Malcolm X at Rally, Chicago, Illinois
  • Muhammad Ali Taunting Sonny Liston
  • Black Light Series #11: US American Black
  • Freedom. Black Panther.
  • Wives of Shango #1
  • Relate to Your Heritage
  • Revolutionary
  • The Black Prince
  • Poster of Angela Davis
  • Black Unity
  • Injustice Case
  • Mysteries
  • Harriet
  • Captivity and Resistance
  • Mammy (from the "Myths" portfolio)
  • The New Jemima
  • Homage to Langston Hughes
  • George Washington Carver Crossing the Delaware: Page from an American History Textbook
  • Washington Crossing the Delaware, 25th December 1776
  • Homage to Nina Simone
  • Homage to Nina Simone, detail
  • Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald
  • Lawdy Mama
  • New Orleans Niggah
  • Jack Johnson
  • I am Black, I am Dangerously Black
  • The Mythic Being: I Embody
  • Night Journey
  • Self Portrait as Beni ("I Dream Again of Benin"), July 13, 1974
  • Mother Pendant Mask: Iyoba
  • Autobiography: Water/Ancestors Middle Passage/ Family Ghosts
  • Fetish #2
  • The History of Her Life Written Across Her Face
  • Self-Portrait as a Heel, part two
  • Untitled (The Potato Eaters)
  • Untitled (Seated Man)
  • Jazz
  • Harlem Jazz Jamboree
  • Title Unknown
  • Street Musicians
  • Untitled
  • Jazz Musicians
  • Street Music
  • Untitled (Alabama)
  • Pink Boogie
  • Trane
  • Mamelodi (from the "Lynch Fragment" series)
  • April 4
  • I. D.
  • It Was Clear, I Was Not Manet's Type / Picasso − Who Had a Way with Women −/ Only Used Me & Duchamp Never / Even Considered Me
  • Standing on Shakey Ground / I Posed Myself for Critical Study / But Was No Longer Certain / Of the Questions to Ask
  • But It Could Have Been Worse / Imagine My Fate Had / de Kooning Gotten / Hold of Me
  • I Knew, Not from Memory, / But from Hope, That There Were Other / Models by Which to Live
  • I Took a Tip from Frida / Who from Her Bed Painted Incessantly − Beautifully / While Diego Scaled the Scaffolds / To the Top of the World
  • Courbet 3 (Sleep)
  • Venus
  • Baby Back (from the "American" series)
  • After Duchamp
  • Girl with a Bamboo Earring
  • Branded Head (from the series "Branded")
  • Untitled (Silver Handcuffs)
  • The Merchant of Venice
  • Negerhosen 2000/The Travel Albums v.2.
  • Plastic Bodies
  • Being Seen for the Camera
  • Diva at 73
  • Mrs. Black, Mrs. Brown, Mrs. White
  • Lipstick
  • Dios Mio Gabbana
  • Untitled (Man Reading Newspaper)
  • Guarded Conditions
  • From Someone Else's Fear/Fantasy to Metamorphosis
  • Derrick Cross
  • Paris is Burning
  • Looking for Langston, film still
  • Seven Songs for Malcolm X
  • Untitled (I Feel Most Colored When I Am Thrown Against a Sharp White Background)
  • Synecdoche
  • Cabinetmaking, 1820-1960, from "Mining the Museum"
  • Sites of Genealogy
  • Ode
  • The Rites of Passage, from "A Ship Called Jesus"
  • Between the Two My Heart is Balanced
  • The Two Queens - Yemaya and Elizabeth I
  • How Does a Girl Like You Get to Be a Girl Like You?
  • Yellow Book #1
  • Untitled
  • I-Traits: Seated Presence
  • Nothing to Lose IV
  • Elevata
  • Bareroot
  • The End of Uncle Tom and the Grand Allegorical Tableau of Eva in Heaven. Detail
  • After Black (To See or Not to See) and Before Black (To See or Not to See)
  • Afro Love and Unity
  • Rock Head
  • Michael Jackson and Bubbles
  • Loving Care. View of performance with Loving Care Hair Dye Natural Black at Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, 1993
  • The Great White Way, 22 Miles, 9 Years, 1 Street
  • Narcissus
  • DeLuxe. Detail
  • Homeward Bound
  • Portrait of Pablillos de Valladolid, Buffon de Phillip IV, II
  • Congo Man (from "How Do You Want Me?" series)
  • Soundsuit
  • House and Field
  • A3 Blackface #20
  • Daughters of the Dust, still
  • Night Cries: A Rural Tragedy, still
  • Deadpan, still
  • Inconsolable Memories, still
  • Ye Wonz Maibel (Deluge), still
  • The Eyes of Gutete Emerita
  • Lumumba
  • Vita Nova, still
  • Otolith III, still
  • A Different Utopia, digital screen grab
  • Stadia II
  • Untitled (Modernist House)
  • Ghost Money
  • In the House of My Father
  • City, London
  • Ghost series: "No. 4"
  • I Thought You Said You Were Leaving
  • Untitled
  • Moshekwa
  • Kingfisher
  • Peter's Back
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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
The Image of the Black in Western Art was conceived by the late Dominique Schlumberger de Menil (1908–1997) and her husband, John (1904–1973), more than fifty years ago. The de Menils were known internationally for their patronage of artists such as René Magritte and Max Ernst as early as the 1930s, and eventually for the size and range of their art collection. Their...
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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
From its conception in the 1960s, The Image of the Black in Western Art project was guided by Dominique and Jean de Menil’s passionate concern with the struggle for civil rights for African Americans and by a deep respect for the...

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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
In February 1940 the exhibition Bill Traylor—People’s Artist opened at the New South School and Gallery, a Montgomery, Alabama, cultural center dedicated to showing modern art and broadening and fostering southern culture. Miriam Rogers Fowler, “New South...

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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
Writing during the United States of Americas full court involvement in World War II, the Peabody Award-winning journalist and war correspondent Roi Ottley concluded that the African American path to “liberty and peace, and an enriched life, free from want, oppression, violence, and proscription,” was a thorny one ...

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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
As Elizabeth and Stuart Ewen state, “Amid the lethal racial climate of the early 1900s, some black leaders were inspired to employ [an] alternative photographic record as a weapon against the standard iconography of racism.” Elizabeth Ewen and Stuart Ewen, Typecasting: On the Arts and Sciences of Human...

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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
In the thick of the racially divisive American political climate of the 1960s civil rights era, Jean and Dominique de Menil embarked upon The Image of the Black in Western Art project, a herculean effort to document all of the images of blacks in Western art. They believed that...

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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
Norman Wilfred Lewis (1909–1979) was not alone among African American painters of his generation who embraced the contemporary concerns of Abstract Expressionism, often conflating and juggling in their work this commitment to abstraction and figure-based representation. In his “Thesis, 1946” in Norman...
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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
Contemporary photographers, many of them engaging storytellers and astute historians, have worked on the intersection of the private and public in art. The photographers discussed in this essay use appropriation, multiple printing, straight images, and screen-based images to make compelling statements about modern culture, identity, branding, beauty, gender, family, race, history, and...

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Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The...
The transformations brought to bear on representations of black people in Western art at the end of the twentieth century and the start of the twenty-first were the result of numerous social, cultural, and political factors. First and foremost was the living presence of black artists within the institutions of artistic production. Artists of African descent had always been active in the world of...

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The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume V: The Twentieth Century, Part 2: The Rise of Black Artists
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