List of illustrations

  • Zodiac Man
  • Melancholy, detail
  • Health Man, detail
  • Mappa mundi
  • Monstrous Races, detail
  • Ethiopia, detail
  • Men Who Speak Through Gestures; A Man Who Drinks From a Straw; A Man Without a Nose
  • De Natura Avium; De Pastoribus et Ovibus; Bestiarium; Mirabilia Mundi; Philosophia Mundi; On the Soul
  • Marginal Anthropophagi and animals, detached leaf from a treatise on vices, detail
  • Epiphagus, detail of transept rose
  • Body politic, detail
  • Christ's Mission to the Apostles, tympanum
  • Cynocephali, detail of tympanum
  • Panotii, detail of tympanum
  • Pygmy riding a partridge, capital
  • Spies returning from Canaan, misericord
  • Ethiopian shooting a Sciopod, detail
  • Saints Guthlac and Bartholomew versus demons
  • Devils pouring molten lead down the throats of the damned, detail
  • Temptation in the Wilderness
  • Twelve devils
  • Moses cursing the deformed; Christ cursing personifications of sin, detail
  • Demons and angels weighing souls, detail of tympanum
  • Fall of the rebel angels
  • Devil stuffling the dragon into hell, detail
  • First temptation of Christ, detail
  • Three temptations of Christ
  • Head of the Roll of the Exchequer
  • Healing of the Gadarene demoniacs, detail
  • Ethiopian and hellmouth
  • Flagellation of Christ (detail)
  • Ethiopians (detail)
  • Saracen, foreigner, and Ethiopian
  • Marginal Ethiopian and crane
  • Decorated initial
  • Pricket Candlestick with a Naked Youth Fighting a Dragon
  • Tree of Jesse Window: The Reclining Jesse, King David, and Scenes from the Life of Jesus, detail
  • Heavenly Jerusalem, detail
  • Jews barred from heaven, detail
  • The Cloisters Cross, detail
  • Fetternear Banner, detail
  • Israelites dancing around the Golden Calf
  • Christ before Caiaphas, detail
  • Crucifixion with sponge-bearer
  • Mocking of Christ; flagellation
  • Betrayal and arrest of Christ; Christ before Pilate
  • Desecration of the Host, detail
  • Israelite: Sacrifice in Temple of Zerubbabel
  • Israelites roasting a lamb, detail
  • Jews and the lamb; lion resuscitating cubs
  • Theophilus makes a pact with the Devil
  • The Virgin and child in heaven; Jew in hell
  • Jacob asks to be buried in Canaan; Jews in hell, detail
  • Fourth Horseman, detail
  • Marginal demon and monstrous Jew
  • Third Horseman, detail
  • Giant, Sciopod, Pygmy, Bragmanni
  • Sciopod in an initial D, detail
  • Pygmy and goat, detail
  • Manticore, detail
  • Jew shooting an owl, detail
  • The Prayer Book of Bonne of Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy, detail
  • Fool disputing with a Jew, detail
  • Fool disputing with an Augustinian, detail
  • God curses Cain and his offspring; Christ curses the Jews, detail
  • Judah rejects his wife; Christ rejects Synagoga, detail
  • Apostle, Paul: preaching
  • Israelite: smitten by Philistines and Ark of Covenant: taken by Philistines
  • Bears destroy the children who mocked Elisha; Titus and Vespasian destroy the Jews who mocked Christ, detail
  • Allegory of the hyena, detail
  • Clerics singing; cock crowing
  • Saint Lucy resisting idolatry, detail
  • Hyena, detail
  • Jews and Saracen, detail of tympanum
  • Guardians of the Holy Sepulcher, detail of tympanum
  • Elephant, detail
  • Jews worshipping an idol, Hereford Map, detail
  • Initial L with Crucifixion
  • Saracen kneeling before an image of the Virgin, detail
  • Saracens frightening the French knights' horses, detail
  • Theft of the Ark of the Covenant, detail
  • Call for action against Nabal; call for a crusade against the Albigensians, detail
  • Martyrdom of Saint Valerie, Chasse of Saint Valerie, principal face
  • Martyrdom of Saint Vincent
  • Christ carrying the Cross
  • Richard the Lionheart versus Saladin, detail
  • Battle of Roncevaux, detail
  • Battle of Roncevaux, detail
  • French versus Saracens, detail
  • Crusaders fighting Saracens, detail
  • Wild Men and Moors, detail
  • Saracen, bench-end
  • Marginal Saracen threatens praying Christians, detail
  • Alexander's army versus the Cyclopes, detail
  • Alexander's army versus the one-eyed Blemmyai, detail
  • Hemaphrodite; Himantopodes. Hereford Map, detail
  • Monstrous Muhammed
  • Muhammed, detail
  • Death of Muhammed, detail
  • Tartar cannibals, detail
  • Tartar warrior, detail
  • The Battle of Liegnitz; The Beheading of Heinrich and His Soul Carried by Angels to Heaven
  • Invasion of the Tartars, detail
  • Anthropophagi. Hereford Map, detail
  • The Great Khan's dinner party, detail
  • Tartars worshiping an idol, detail
  • Tartars burning a corpse; worshiping an idol, detail
  • Dogheads worshipping an idol, detail
  • Attack of the Dogheads; siege of a castle
  • Prester John in prayer, detail
  • Battle of Genghis Khan and Prince John, detail
  • Antichrist, misericord
  • The Beast marking the Jews, detail
  • Apocalypse 13
  • Jews, heretics, and other miscreants adore Antichrist, detail
  • Longbowman and multiheaded demon, detail
  • Jews, king, and Ecclesia, detail
  • The Beast and his image as Saladin and Muhammed, detail
  • The Beast of the Earth, his image, and henchmen, detail
  • Seven-headed dragon
  • Blemmyai and Ethiopians en route to Antichrist, detail
  • Ethiopian, Saracen, and Jew adore Antichrist, detail
  • Alexander in prayer; Gog and Magog enclosed, detail
  • Alexander's Gate. Hereford Map, detail
  • Gog and Magog, detail
  • Tomb of St. Thomas
  • Abraham kneeling before the Trinity
  • Saint Mark
  • Vision of the Lamb, detail
  • Wild Condition
  • Mary Magdalen: at Sepulcher
  • Prester John. Mappa mundi, detail
  • Initial Q: Christ: Betrayal and Arrest
Free
Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
Contents
PublisherPrinceton University Press
Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
IN HIS 1290 VERSE TREATISE on “monstrous men,” Clerk of Enghien succinctly articulated what had been a fundamental object of Western fascination for a very long time: people in the East are utterly different from those in the West. The present book explores the transformation of this sentiment from fascination to rejection and hatred, from Others as marvels to Others as...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
ENEMIES OF THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH not only followed the wrong religion; they were also literally ugly as sin. This chapter will examine the conceptual origins of this ugliness and the process by which flawed physical form came to be identified with character defects and moral failings. The ideas that provided the complex infrastructure for the simple medieval dichotomy of...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
THROUGH THEIR COMBINATION of abnormal physical form and uncivilized activities, Monstrous Races expressed ideas about sin and barbarity. Demons, by contrast, transcend the realms of sin and barbarity to embody concepts more abstract and fundamental to Christian belief. That is, demons represent an attempt to...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
WHEN I CLAIM TO INVESTIGATE images of medieval Christendom’s enemies both real and imaginary, I am making a modern and practical distinction that was all but irrelevant to medieval Christians. It is far more difficult to draw a line between the actual and the fantastic during the Middle Ages given that constructed views of living non-Christians were nearly entirely...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
THIS LAST PITHY SENTIMENT is voiced twice in The Song of Roland, the renowned medieval epic tale of the triumph of Christian forces...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
ONE OF THE WAYS BY WHICH medievals constructed the Other in the shape of the known, as Michael Uebel has observed, was by...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
WE HAVE SEEN THAT a major preoccupation for Christian artists, writers, and theologians during the later Middle Ages was the portrayal of rejected religious and cultural groups. If not the terrifying monsters referred to in the passage quoted above from the Anglo-Saxon Book of Monsters,Liber...
PublisherPrinceton University Press

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Free
Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
~THIS BOOK GREW FROM A COURSE I taught first in 1995 at the University of Oregon and subsequently at the University of Glasgow and the University of Edinburgh. Although what I have written here departs considerably from material covered in the course, there is still significant overlap, so I must therefore thank my students at all three institutions. Their...
PublisherPrinceton University Press
Free
Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
Bibliography
PublisherPrinceton University Press
Free
Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
Index
PublisherPrinceton University Press
Free
Description: Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
Photography Credits
PublisherPrinceton University Press
Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art
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