List of illustrations

  • Geographic regions and landforms of China
  • Shang period ting, inscribed Ch'ü Fu
  • Shang period ting, inscribed Ho Fu Chi
  • Set of bronze wine vessels from Pao-chi with a group of Manchu Dynasty officials, presumably headed by Tuan Fang (1861–1911)
  • Archaeologists (from left to right): J. G. Andersson, Li Chi, and Kuo Mo-jo
  • Glacial and periglacial remains in China
  • Structure of a late Cenozoic basin in North China
  • Changes in the coastline of the China Sea since the late Pleistocene
  • Archaeological sites near Ni-ho-wan
  • Hsiao-ch'ang-liang stones: (a) chopper; (b,c) scrapers
  • Palaeoanthropological and Palaeolithic sites in Lower and Middle Pleistocene China
  • Reconstruction cast of the Kung-wang-ling cranium from Lan-t'ien, Shensi
  • Lan-t'ien Palaeolithic sites
  • Lan-t'ien stone implements
  • Yüan-mou incisors, frontal (left) and lingual (right) views
  • Caves of Chou-k'ou-tien in relation to the old city of Peking and the West Hills
  • Dragon Bone Hill, Chou-k'ou-tien
  • History of locality 1, the Peking Man cave, at Chou-k'ou-tien
  • Palaeoclimatic curve reflected by Peking Man cave deposits
  • Chopping tool from locality 13, Chou-k'ou-tien
  • Reconstruction of the head of a Peking Woman and the skull on which the reconstruction was based
  • Palaeolithic implements from Chou-k'ou-tien, locality 1 (upper group) and locality 15 (lower group)
  • Map of Palaeoanthropological and Palaeolithic sites in Upper Pleistocene China
  • Ta-li cranium from Shensi
  • Ting-ts'un Palaeolithic implements
  • Hsü-chia-yao Palaeolithic implements
  • Upper Palaeolithic implements from the sites at Shui-tung-kou (upper group) and Sjara-osso-gol (lower group)
  • Palaeolithic implements from the Shih-yü site, northern Shansi
  • Wedge-shaped cores from Hu-t'ou-liang
  • Hsia-ch'uang Palaeolithic implements
  • Hsia-ch'uang Palaeolithic implements
  • Upper Palaeolithic implements from Hsiao-nan-hai cave near An-yang, Honan
  • Artifacts of the Upper Cave, Chou-k'ou-tien
  • Palaeolithic implements from Hsin-chou, Kwangsi
  • Palaeolithic implements from Ch'ien-hsi, Kweichou, and Yi-liang, Yunnan
  • Map showing maximum marine transgression during the Holocene in the China Sea
  • Formation of the North China plain, before 5500 B.C.
  • Formation of the North China plain, 2300 B.C.
  • Formation of the North China plain, 1300 B.C.
  • Lake Yün-meng in the Chi'in and Han periods
  • Diagram showing natural environmental changes in southern Liaoning in the last ten thousand years
  • Map showing major types of vegetation cover in China during the historic period
  • Map of terminal Palaeolithic and related sites in China
  • Sha-yüan stone implements
  • Sha-yüan stone implements
  • Map of principal sites of Tz'u-shan, P'ei-li-kang, and related cultures
  • Radiocarbon profile of Tz'u-shan, P'ei-li-kang, and related cultures
  • Excavated area of the Eh-kou site in Mi-hsien, Honan
  • Part of the cemetery at the P'ei-li-kang site in Hsin-cheng, Honan
  • Plan and cross-section of house floor F-2 at Eh-kou, Mi-hsien, Honan
  • Plans of five P'ei-li-kang burials
  • Plans of five P'ei-li-kang burials
  • Storage pit believed to be a food-processing locus, at Tz'u-shan, Hopei
  • Stone mortar and pestle (above) and sickle (below) found at Sha-wo-li, Hsin-cheng, Honan
  • Clay figurines of pigs found at P'ei-li-kang
  • Stone (a–m) and bone (n–q) implements from Hua-wo in Ch'i-hsien, Honan
  • Major types of polished and semipolished stone implements found at Eh-kou, Mi-hsien, Honan
  • Pottery decorations at Tz'u-shan
  • Principal pottery types of the four clusters of P'ei-li-kang and related cultures
  • Radiocarbon profile of the early Neolithic cave sites in South China
  • Map of Early Neolithic sites in South China
  • Location of the Hsien-jen-tung cave
  • Cross-section of the Hsien-jen-tung cave’s deposits
  • Cord-marked potsherds at Hsien-jen-tung
  • Flake implements (upper) and pebble implements (lower, except lower left, which is a shell knife) from Li-yü-tsui
  • Map showing distribution of Neolithic cultures in China at 5000 B.C.
  • Map showing distribution of Neolithic cultures in China at 4000–3000 B.C.
  • Map showing regional phases of the Yang-shao Culture and location of principal sites
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Wei-shui and Fen-ho phases of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Pottery jar and millet grains from Pan-p'o, Sian, Shensi
  • Stone implements from the Yang-shao Culture site at Pan-p'o, Sian
  • Fish, animal, and plant patterns in the pottery decoration of the Yang-shao Culture site at Pan-p'o, Sian
  • Reconstructed house types at the Yang-shao Culture site at Pan-p'o
  • Pottery kilns at Pan-p'o (above) and Chiang-chai, Lin-t'ung, Shensi (below)
  • Layout of the Yang-shao Culture village at Chiang-chai
  • Reconstruction of the Chiang-chai village
  • House floor F-1 at Chiang-chai
  • Part of the Yang-shao Culture cemetery at Yuan-chün-miao, in Hua-hsien, Shensi
  • Secondary burials at the Yang-shao Culture cemetery at Shih-chia, Wei-nan, Shensi
  • Burial no. 7 at Chiang-chai
  • Burial no. 457 at Yuan-chün-miao
  • Burial no. 458 at Yuan-chün-miao
  • Burial pits 1 and 2 at Heng-chen ts'un, in Hua-yin, Shensi
  • Layout of the tombs in the Yuan-chün-miao cemetery
  • Human faces in the Yang-shao Culture
  • Bone artifacts from the Yang-shao site at Pan p'o
  • Shell, tooth, and bone ornaments and probable use of bone pin as woman's headdress
  • Utilitarian pottery vessels at Pan-p'o
  • Painted pottery vessels at Pan-p'o
  • Three decorative designs of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Types of basketry at Pan-p'o, reconstructed from impressions on pottery
  • Incised symbols on Yang-shao pottery
  • Pottery types of the Pan-p'o phase of Yang-shao Culture
  • Pottery types of the Shih-chia phase of Yang-shao Culture
  • Pottery types of the Miao-ti-kou phase of Yang-shao Culture
  • Pottery types of the Hsi-wang-ts'un (or Late Pan-p'o) phase of Yang-shao Culture
  • Map showing major sites of the Central Honan phase of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Central Honan phase of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Partial plan of the Ta-ho-ts'un site, excavation area 1, west
  • House floors F-1–F-4 at Ta-ho-ts'un
  • Plan of house floors F-17–F-20 at Ta-ho-ts'un
  • Pottery vessels and other objects found on house floors F-19 (left) and F-20 (right) at Ta-ho-ts'un
  • Pottery types of the Ta-ho-ts'un phase of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Painted pottery sherds from Ta-ho-ts'un
  • Painted cormorant and stone ax on a pottery urn found at Yen-ts'un, Lin-ju, Honan
  • Burial urns at Ta-ho-ts'un
  • Map showing major sites of the northern Honan–southern Hopei phase of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the northern Honan–southern Hopei phase of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Three cultural layers at Hou-kang, An-yang, Honan, 1972 excavations
  • Pottery types of the Hou-kang phase
  • Pottery types of the Ta-ssu-k'ung-ts'un phase
  • Major sites of the Kansu-Chinghai phases of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Kansu-Chinghai phases of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Map showing overlapping Yang-shao Culture phases in Kansu
  • Pottery types of the Shih-ling-hsia phase
  • Pottery types of the Ma-chia-yao phase of the Yang-shao Culture
  • Reconstructions of houses of the Pan-shan phase at Ch'ing-kang-ch'a, Kansu
  • Pan-shan phase burial at T'u-ku-t'ai, Lan-chou, and its pottery vessels
  • Pottery types of the Pan-shan phase
  • Pottery types of the Pan-shan phase
  • Pottery types of the Pan-shan phase
  • Pottery types of the Ma-ch'ang phase
  • Ma-ch’ang phase burial M-564 at Liu-wan, Lo-tu, Chinghai
  • Pottery vessels for Ma-ch’ang phase burial M-564 at Liu-wan, Lo-tu, Chinghai
  • Pottery with symbols of the Ma-ch'ang phase at Liu-wan
  • Pottery symbols of the Ma-ch'ang phase, Liu-wan
  • Pottery symbols of the Ma-ch'ang phase, Liu-wan
  • Painted dancers on a Ma-chia-yao phase pottery bowl, at Sun-chia-chai, Ta-t'ung, Chinghai
  • Skeletal human figure on a Pan-shan phase pottery bowl at Pan-shan
  • Bisexual human figure on a Ma-ch'ang phase pottery jar at Liu-wan
  • Map showing Yang-shao Culture sites peripheral to the core area
  • Pan-p'o phase pottery vessels at Ho-chia-wan, Hsi-hsiang, Shensi
  • Human face carved on bone at Ho-chia-wan
  • Map showing major sites of the Ta-wen-k'ou Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Ta-wen-k'ou Culture
  • Pottery types of the Pei-hsin phase
  • Bone, tooth, and shell sickles at Ta-wen-k'ou
  • House floors at the Ta-wen-k'ou site at Ch'eng-tzu, in Chu-ch'eng, Shantung
  • House floors at the Ta-wen-k'ou site at Ch'eng-tzu, in Chu-ch'eng, Shantung
  • Pottery kiln at Ta-wen-k'ou
  • Human burials at Ta-wen-k'ou
  • Human burials at Ta-wen-k'ou
  • Burial no. 9 and its pottery vessels at Ta-wen-k'ou
  • Polished and perforated turtle shells at Ta-tun-tzu, P'i-hsien, Kiangsu
  • Polished stone hoes at Ta-wen-k'ou
  • Pottery types of the Ta-wen-k'ou Culture
  • Animal-shaped pottery vessel from San-li-ho, Chiao-hsien, Shantung
  • Bone, tooth, and ivory objects of the Ta-wen-k'ou Culture
  • Ceramic types of the various prehistoric cultures of Shantung
  • Incised symbols on Ta-wen-k'ou pottery
  • Map showing major sites of the Hsin-lo, Hung-shan, and Fu-ho Cultures
  • Radiocarbon profile of the major earlier Neolithic sites in the north
  • House floor F-2 at Hsin-lo, Shen-yang, Liaoning
  • Stone implements from Hsin-lo
  • Bone implements and woodcarving of a bird (right) from Hsin-lo
  • Pottery types at Hsin-lo
  • Pottery types from the lower stratum at Hsiao-chu-shan, Ch'ang-tao
  • Human burials M-7 at Hsin-k'ai-liu on Lake Khanka
  • Pottery types at Hsin-k'ai-liu
  • Plans and cross-sections of three pottery kilns unearthed at Ssu-leng-shan, Hsiao-ho-yen, Ao-han Banner
  • Hung-shan Culture cemetery and tomb M-3 at Hu-t'ou-kou, in Fu-hsin, Liaoning
  • Jades from tomb M-1 at Hu-t'ou-kou
  • Jades from Hung-shan Culture sites
  • Overall view from southeast of Tung-shan-tsui site in Ch'ih-feng
  • Clay human figurines from Tung-shan-tsui
  • Stone implements of the Hung-shan Culture at Hsi-shui-ch'üan, Ch'ih-feng
  • Pottery types at Hsi-shui-ch'üan
  • Painted pottery of the Hung-shan Culture
  • Pottery, bone, and stone artifacts from Fu-ho-kou-men, Pa-lin Left Banner, Inner Mongolia
  • Map of major sites of the Ma-chia-pang Culture in the Lake T'ai-hu area
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Ma-chia-pang Culture
  • Remains of wooden structures at Lo-chia-chiao, T'ung-hsiang, Chekiang
  • Human burials of the Ma-chia-pang phase at Yü-tun, Ch'ang-chou, Kiangsu
  • Pottery types of the Ma-chia-pang phase at Lo-chia-chiao and other sites
  • Various clay objects at Lo-chia-chiao
  • Pottery types of the Sung-tse phase at Sung-tse, Shanghai
  • Incised symbols on pottery at Sung-tse
  • Human burials of the Sung-tse phase at Ts'ao-hsieh-shan, Wu-hsien, Kiangsu
  • Human burial of the Sung-tse phase at Chang-ling-shan, Wu-hsien, Kiangsu
  • Artifacts found at Pei-yin-yang-ying, Nanking
  • Clay imitation of a stone ax mounted on a wooden handle, from Ch'ing-tun, Hai-an, Kiangsu
  • Map of the sites of the Ho-mu-tu Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Ho-mu-tu site
  • Underground profile of the Ho-mu-tu site
  • Partial plan of a timber building at Ho-mu-tu
  • Major types of joinery in the remains of wooden structures at Ho-mu-tu
  • Stone implements at Ho-mu-tu
  • Stone "butterfly" (above) and ornaments at Ho-mu-tu
  • Bone hoes at Ho-mu-tu
  • Reconstruction of bone hoes hafted to wooden handles
  • Bone artifacts at Ho-mu-tu
  • Wooden artifacts at Ho-mu-tu
  • Incised designs on pottery at Ho-mu-tu
  • Pottery types at Ho-mu-tu
  • Pottery types at Ho-mu-tu
  • Clay figurines of a sheep, a pig, and a human at Ho-mu-tu
  • Samples of Ho-mu-tu art
  • Map showing major sites of the Ta-hsi and Ch'ü-chia-ling Cultures in the middle Yangtze basin
  • Stratigraphy at Kuan-miao-shan, Chih-chiang, Hupei
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Ta-hsi and Ch'ü-chia-ling Cultures
  • House floor at the Ta-hsi Culture site at Kuan-miao-shan
  • Pottery kiln of the Ta-hsi Culture at Hua-ch'eng-kang, in An-hsiang, Hunan
  • Human burials at Ta-hsi, Wu-shan, Szechwan
  • Pottery types and stone axes of the Ta-hsi Culture
  • Pottery types and stone objects of the Ch'ü-chia-ling Culture
  • Cord-impressed and incised potsherds from the sites of Ta-p'en-k'eng and Feng-pi-t'ou, Taiwan
  • Map showing major sites of Ta-p'en-k'eng and related cultures
  • Potsherds from the Fu-kuo-tun shell-mound, Quemoy, Fukien
  • Earliest potsherds from Hai-feng, Kwangtung
  • Map showing expansion of regional Neolithic cultures in China, 7000 B.C.
  • Map showing expansion of regional Neolithic cultures in China, 5000 B.C.
  • Map showing expansion of regional Neolithic cultures in China, 4000/3000 B.C.
  • Tou and ting as markers of the Lungshanoid horizon
  • Regional occurrences of important Lungshanoid markers
  • Hierarchy of interactive units within the Chinese interaction sphere
  • Map showing archaeological sites of Lung-shan and related cultures
  • Major sites of the Shantung Lung-shan Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Shantung Lung-shan Culture
  • Stamped-earth town wall of the Ch'eng-tzu-yai site, Shantung
  • House floor of the Lung-shan Culture site at Tung-hai-yü, Jih-chao, Shantung
  • Lung-shan Culture burial no. M-32 and its pottery vessels at Ch'eng-tzu, Chu-ch'eng, Shantung
  • Plan of the Lung-shan Culture cemetery at Ch'eng-tzu
  • Stone (a–f, h), shell (g), and bone (i) implements at Ch'eng-tzu
  • Pottery types at Ch'eng-tzu
  • Black pottery vessels from San-li-ho
  • Incised designs on jade axes and pottery from Liang-ch'eng-chen, Jih-chao
  • Clay figurines of humans and birds at Yao-kuan-chuang, Wei-fang
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Liang-chu Culture
  • Stone implements of the Liang-chu Culture found in Yueh-ch'eng, Kiangsu
  • Artifacts of the Liang-chu Culture
  • Black pottery plate with incised (?) inscriptions from Liang-chu, Hang-hsien, Checkiang
  • Burial no. M-3 with jades at Ssu-tun in Ch'ang-chou
  • Liang-chu Culture jade ts'ung tubes from Chang-ling-shan (lower right) and Ssu-tun
  • Disk with incised glyph, detail
  • Disk with incised glyph, detail
  • Disk with incised glyph, detail
  • Animal face and bird designs on Liang-chu Culture ts'ung from Fu-ch'üan-shan, Shanghai
  • Pottery kiln of the early Lung-shan Culture site at Miao-ti-kou, Shen-hsien, Honan
  • Pottery types of the early Lung-shan Culture site at Miao-ti-kou
  • Map showing regional phases and principal sites of the middle Yellow River valley Lung-shan Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the middle Yellow River valley Lung-shan Culture
  • Pottery types of the eastern Honan phase of Lung-shan Culture
  • Plan of walled town at P’ing-liang-t’ai, Huai-yang, Honan.
  • Plan of South Gate and its guardhouse at P’ing-liang-t’ai, Huai-yang, Honan
  • House floor no. 1 at P'ing-liang-t'ai
  • Pottery types of the northern Honan phase of the Lung-shan Culture
  • House floors and reconstructed house of the Lung-shan Culture site at Hou-kang, An-yang, Honan
  • Relationships of house floors and burials at Hou-kang
  • Evidence of violence at the Lung-shan Culture site at Chien-kou, in Han-tan, Hopei
  • Pottery types of the west-central Honan phase of Lung-shan Culture from Mei-shan, Lin-ju, Honan
  • Plan of town wall at Wang-ch'eng-kang, in Teng-feng, Honan
  • Human sacrificial pit at Wang-ch'eng-kang
  • House floor F-6 at Mei-shan
  • Human burials of the Lung-shan Culture at Tung-hsia-feng, Hsia-hsien, Shansi
  • Fragment of a copper vessel (possibly a "kuei" tripod) at Wang-ch'eng-kang
  • Pottery types at the Lung-shan Culture site at T'ao-ssu, in Hsiang-fen, Shansi
  • Large tomb at T'ao-ssu
  • Painted pottery vessels at T'ao-ssu
  • Jades at T'ao-ssu
  • Wooden artifacts at T'ao-ssu
  • Bells at T'ao-ssu
  • Pottery types of the K'o-hsing-chuang II Culture
  • Map showing major sites of the Ch'i-chia Culture
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Ch'i-chia Culture
  • Pottery types of the Ch'i-chia Culture
  • Fabric impressions on pottery (left) and remains of millet (right) at the Ch'i-chia Culture site at Ta-ho-ching, Kansu
  • Reconstructions of Ch'i-chia Culture houses at Ta-ho-chuang
  • Copper mirror from Nai-ma-t'ai, Chinghai
  • A double burial at Ch'in-wei-chia, Lin-hsia, Kansu
  • Pottery types of the Ch'ing-lung-ch'üan III Culture
  • Map of Lungshanoid sites in southeast China
  • Artifacts of the Shih-hsia Culture
  • Character "ts'e" in oracle bone and bronze inscriptions
  • Inscribed bamboo slips from Lei-ku-tun, Sui-hsien, Hupei
  • Silk with paintings and inscriptions from a Ch'u tomb in Ch'ang-sha
  • Ch'iang p'an, an inscribed Western Chou bronze vessel from Fu-feng, Shensi
  • Inscribed oracle bone of the Shang Dynasty, excavated from An-yang
  • Map showing the three major ethnic groups of ancient China according to Hsü Ping-ch'ang
  • Eastern Han Dynasty pictorial carving at Wu Liang tz'u, in Chia-hsiang, Shantung
  • Palatial Foundation, no. 1, at Erh-li-t’ou, Yen-shih, Honan
  • Palatial Foundation, no. 2, at Erh-li-t’ou, Yen-shih, Honan
  • Human burials at Erh-li-t'ou
  • Pottery types at Erh-li-t'ou
  • Bronze chüeh cups from Erh-li-t'ou
  • Bronze tools and weapons from Erh-li-t'ou
  • Jades from Erh-li-t'ou
  • Bronze plaque inlaid with turquoise at Erh-li-t'ou
  • Fragment of lacquerware with engraved designs at Erh-li-t'ou
  • Human and animal designs incised on pottery at Erh-li-t'ou
  • Map showing major Erh-li-t'ou Culture sites and traditional Hsia Dynasty capitals
  • Radiocarbon profile of the Erh-li-t'ou Culture
  • Map showing traditional Shang Dynasty capitals
  • Map showing Shang sites in An-yang, Honan
  • Shang house floors at the site of Hsiao-min-t'un, An-yang
  • Chariot burial at Ta-ssu-k'ung-ts'un, An-yang
  • Side view of stamped-earth layers of a Shang house floor at Hsiao-t'un, An-yang
  • Stamped-earth floor with stone post bases of a Shang house at Hsiao-t'un, An-yang
  • Reconstruction of a Shang house at Hsiao-t'un, An-yang
  • Plan of the royal cemetery of the Shang Dynasty at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Grave pit of royal tomb no. 1001 at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Sacrificial burials in royal tomb no. 1001 at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Standing owl, from royal tomb no. 1001 at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Anthropomorphic figure with tiger head and claws, from royal tomb no. 1001 at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Standing owl, from royal tomb no. 1001 at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Stone sculptures from royal tomb no. 1001 at Hsi-pei-kang, An-yang
  • Bronze vessels (right) and jades (left) from the tomb of Fu Hao at Hsiao-t'un
  • Typological seriation of major Shang pottery types at Hsiao-t'un and Cheng-chou
  • Five bronze decorative bands representing the five styles of Max Loehr
  • Bronze vessels from the Shang site at Cheng-chou
  • Map showing distribution of Cheng-chou phase sites of the Shang civilization
  • Shang city walls in Yen-shih
  • Shang city walls in Cheng-chou
  • Reconstruction of a Shang palace at Cheng-chou
  • Bronze chüeh cup from Shang-ch'iu, Honan
  • Twin peaks at Ch'i Shan, Shensi
  • Map showing traditional Western Chou Dynasty capitals
  • Map showing villages on the banks of the river Feng southwest of Sian, Shensi
  • A hoard of Western Chou bronze vessels found at Ma-wang-ts'un, Sian
  • Pottery types of the five stages of Western Chou tombs in Sian
  • Inscription of Western Chou vessel, Li kuei
  • Bronze knives of early Western Chou from the Chang-chia-p'o site, Sian
  • Map of Chou Yuan and major sites
  • Chou Yuan, view from the southeast
  • Five stages of Western Chou pottery at Shao-ch'en, Fu-feng, Shensi
  • Front view of Western Chou house compound at Feng-ch'u, Ch'i-shan
  • Floor plan of Feng-ch’u house compound
  • Reconstruction of Feng-ch’u house compound
  • Plan of house floors (left) and reconstruction of houses (right) at the Western Chou site of Shao-ch'en
  • Western Chou tiles at Shao-ch'en
  • Inscribed Western Chou oracle bones at Chou Yuan
  • Two groups of Western Chou pottery vessels at Cheng-chia-p'o (above) and Liu-chia (below)
  • Map showing capital sites of the Three Dynasties and the distribution of ancient copper and tin mines
  • Map showing the core (hatched) and peripheral (blank) areas of early civilizations in China
  • Pottery types of the Yüeh-shih phase in Shantung
  • Shang period tomb at Su-fu-t'un, Yi-tu, Shantung
  • Shang period burial area at Ch'iu-wan, Hsu-chou, Kiangsu
  • Erected rocks at the center of a Shang burial site in Ch'iu-wan, Kiangsu
  • Pottery types of the Lower Hsia-chia-tien Culture at Feng-hsia, Pei-p'iao
  • Painted potsherds of the Lower Hsia-chia-tien Culture at Feng-hsia, Pei-p'iao, Liaoning
  • Map showing Hsin-tien, Ssu-wa, and Sha-ching cultures in Kansu
  • Pottery of Hsin-tien Culture phase B, Kansu
  • Pottery of the T'ang-wang style, Kansu
  • Bronze weapons, knife, button, and bell of the Ssu-wa Culture from Hsü-chia-nien in Chuang-lang
  • Rubbings of geometric patterns on pottery of the Hu-shu Culture
  • Pottery types at Wu-ch'eng, Ch'ing-chiang, Kiangsi
  • Geometric potsherds at Wu-ch'eng
  • Bronzes at Wu-ch'eng
  • Stone molds for bronze casting at Wu-ch'eng
  • Pottery inscriptions at Wu-ch'eng
  • Bronze artifacts from the site of Suo-chin-ts'un, near Nanking
  • Bronze vessels of Western Chou types found at T'un-hsi, southern Anhwei
  • Pottery decorations apparently derived from bronzes at Ma-ch'iao, Shanghai
  • Pottery types at Ma-ch'iao
  • Map of Shang and Western Chou sites in the middle Yangtze River valley
  • P'an-lung-ch'eng bronze vessels (bottom) compared with similar types from Liu-li-ko, Huei-hsien (top) and Chang-chou (center)
  • Fragment of a lacquered cup from the Western Chou site in Ch'i-ch'un, Hupei
  • Ritual scenes incised on a bronze cup of the Eastern Chou period
  • Inscribed turtle shell left by Shang Dynasty diviners
  • Man-and-animal motif in Shang bronze art
  • Decoration on a bronze ax found in the tomb of Fu Hao in An-yang
  • Jade ts'ung, detail
  • Stratified worlds of Maya and Han China, as depicted in their mortuary art
Free
Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
Contents
PublisherYale University Press
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
Illustrations
PublisherYale University Press
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
Tables
PublisherYale University Press
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~When I was a graduate student in archaeology in the 1950s, one of my most treasured worldly possessions was V. Gordon Childe’s The Dawn of European Civilization, one of the more progressive archaeological writings of the time. The trouble was that revised editions kept coming out, and it was always painful to have to dip into the meager income of a...
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
A Note on Radiocarbon Dates
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~The primary sources consulted for the writing of this book are referenced only in the footnotes. When the sources are journal articles, only the name of the author (when given), the name of the periodical (abbreviations are used for those consulted frequently), and the page numbers of the relevant portions of the article will be given—not the title of the...
PublisherYale University Press
Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
In discussing early human history in China, we must bear in mind that the area known today as China is continental in dimensions...
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~Evidence for human existence is so far confined to the Pleistocene period, the latest and shortest of the geological periods, which began some two or three million years ago. Toward the end of the period, at about twelve thousand years before the present humans began to produce their food by cultivating plants and domesticating animals, initiating a new stage of...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~More than 80 percent of the contemporary Chinese are farmers, and the Chinese way of life as we know it since the dawn of history is inconceivable without agriculture. Archaeological advances in the last several decades have now pushed the beginning of agriculture in China very close to the beginning of the Holocene, the geological modern period. That means that, of...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~We know of two major Neolithic traditions in China before 5000 B.C.: the P’ei-li-kang and related cultures of the North, and the early cord-marked cultures of the South. By 5000 B.C. a number of clearly recognizable Neolithic cultures had sprung up all over China, in clearly defined regions, and they are all individually...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~The regional Neolithic developments that began around 5000 B.C. in the available archaeological record are described separately under “North China” and “South China” only for convenience, although because of the present North-South geographical division in terms of climate and vegetation we can reasonably expect that the prehistoric cultures...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~In chapters 3 and 4 I summarized the available data pertaining to the development of Neolithic cultures in several regions of China. Archaeological advances during the last ten years have taught us that new data are sure to emerge in the near future and the hypotheses based upon the old data are sure to...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~As we have noted in the previous chapter, the period of the Lung-shan and Lung-shan-like cultures in Chinese prehistory, from approximately 3000 to 2000 B.C., was a period of significant transformation in several areas of Chinese society: there was increasing differentiation among the populace in economic wealth and political power, the role of ritual became...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~In the “Wang Chih” (Kingship) section of Li Chi we read the following classification of the peoples in China from the perspective of the Chou people toward the end of the Chou Dynasty:
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~The second millennium B.C. was the millennium of civilizations in the Chinese interaction sphere, as was described in chapters 6 and 7. Insofar as the available archaeological data suggest, the Three Dynasties, all offsprings of the middle Yellow River valley Lung-shan Culture, took the initiative in...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
~The study of how Chinese civilization originated is only now beginning to yield an adequate outline of the whole story, thanks to the intensive archaeological research in the last thirty-five years and to the traditional rich textual record. That story is not only of interest to sinologists but full of implications of consequence to our understanding of ancient...
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
Glossary of Chinese Characters
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
Bibliography
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Description: The Archaeology of Ancient China
Index
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The Archaeology of Ancient China
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