List of illustrations

  • Edwardus Cooper
  • The Four Elementes
  • John Overton
  • The North Prospect of the Cathedral Church of St. Pauls
  • Medley: Sot's Paradise
  • Medley: Postscript to the Post-Boy
  • Portsmouth
  • Trade card of Robert Hulton
  • The Happy Marriage
  • The Royall Exchange of London
  • A View of the Inside of Westminster Hall
  • The Bubblers bubbl'd or the Devil take the Hindmost
  • An Exact Prospect of the City of Rochester and A Prospect of Chatham Dock
  • Gravure en Taille-douce, detail
  • Ceiling of the Banqueting House at Whitehall, detail
  • A 2d. view of Cupid breaking his Bow when he Married Psyche
  • La Vertu est digne de l'Empire du Monde, detail
  • Saint George, the Chief Champion of England
  • Il est d'un Roy de se vaincre soy mesme
  • Mars & Venus
  • Trade card of Joseph Sympson the elder
  • Sleeping Venus
  • Johannes Smith
  • Trade card of George Beacher
  • George I
  • Afbeeldinge van het Huis te Voorst
  • Cupid & Pshiche
  • Quos Ego
  • Atalanta Shooting the Boar
  • Ludovicus Magnus
  • Siège de Tournay en l'Année 1667
  • Veduta del Giardino di Belvedere del Palazzo Pontificio in Vaticano
  • Title plate from the Planetarium
  • Mercurius from the Planetarium
  • Parnassus
  • Domitien Douzieme Empereur des Romains
  • Bacchi et Ariadnae Chorus
  • Prospetto del Palazzo Pontificio nel Quirinale detto Monte Cavallo
  • La Felicité de la Regence
  • Procession of Bacchus and Ariadne from the Galeriae Farnesianae
  • L'Arc de Triomphe, dans un des Bosquets
  • The Empire of Flora
  • Battle of Constantine
  • La Vertu est digne de l'Empire du Monde
  • Ainsy par la vertu s'elevent les Heros
  • Les Funerailles de Phocion
  • The Spring
  • Terra cottas by François du Quesnoy and antique marble busts from The Girardon Gallery
  • Vénus au milieu des nuages apporte a Enée les armes qu'elle a fait forger pour luy par Vulcain, detail
  • The School of Athens
  • Veduta della Piazza di S. Marco verso l'Horologio
  • La Partie Quarrée
  • C. Julii Caesaris Dictatoris Triumphi, plate 5
  • The Lame Man healed by Peter & John
  • The Lame Man healed by Peter & John
  • The Lame Man healed by Peter and John
  • Paul and Barnabas at Lystra
  • Title plate of The Seven Cartoons of Raphael Urbin
  • Wimple in the County of Cambridge
  • Qui illicita tractaverant cremabant libros
  • King Charles taking leave of his Children
  • George, King of Great Britain
  • Hercules & the Hydra, detail
  • Her Grace the Dutchess of St. Albans
  • The Celebrated Mrs. Clive, late Miss Rafter in the Character of Philida
  • Johannes Duns Scotus
  • Wrapper to George Clarke's subscription set of The True Portraitures and Characters of the Royal Martyr King Charles the First
  • William Shakespeare
  • Shakespeare, Johnson, Milton, Butler
  • A new Building at ye end of His Grace the Duke of Kents Gardens in Bedfordshire
  • The Engine for Raising Water (with a power made) by Fire
  • The West Prospect of His Majesties Dock-Yard, near Plymouth
  • An exact Delineation of the Pavement in Mosaic Work lately discovered at Stunsfield
  • Richardus II Rex Angliae
  • Esther fainting, King Ahasuerus comforts Her
  • Jupiter and Leda
  • His Majesty Charles the First Mounted upon a White Horse, under a Triumphal Arch
  • Venus
  • Vulcanus & Ceres
  • Glaucus & Scylla
  • Sir Hans Sloane's subscription ticket for 12 Prints in Claro Obscuro
  • Holy Family
  • Capriccio of Ruins
  • The Cornaro Family
  • The North Prospect of Mountague House
  • Chatsworth in Devonshire
  • Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and A Polish Lady
  • The Bishop of Rochester looking through a grate
  • The Funeral of the Low Church or the Whig's last Will and Testament
  • A New and Exact Plan of ye Towne and Port of Dunkirk
  • Esther fainting, King Ahasuerus comforts Her
  • Henricus Sacheverell S.T.P.
  • View of the Noblemen's and Gentlemen's severall strings, or Traines of Running Horses
  • The Hounds at fault
  • The Harlot's Progress, Plate 2
  • Plate 2 In High Keeping by a Jew
  • A Modern Midnight Conversation
  • The Tapestry Hangings of the House of Lords Representing the Several Engagements between the English and Spanish Fleets in the Ever-memorable Year MDLXXXVIII, plate 8
  • The Rake's Progress Plate 3
  • Sancho's Cowardise at the Hunting
  • Hudibras Encounters the Skimmington
  • Friendly as a Ballad Singer at ye Country Wake
  • Pamela [and] Mr. Williams...agree to hide their letters
  • Mr. Garrick in the Character of Richard the 3d
  • Mr. Garrick in Hamlet
  • A Representation of the March of the Guards towards Scotland, in the Year 1745
  • O The Roast Beef of Old England, & c.
  • Vortigern & Rowena; or the Settlement of the Saxons in England
  • The Excise Fan
  • Mr. Quin in the Character of Sir John Falstaff
  • Title-page to Recueil de differentes fieurs de fantaisie dans le goût chinois, propres aux manufactures d'etoffes de soie, et d'Indienne
  • Title page to A New Book of Ornaments with Twelve Leaves
  • A New Book of Chinese Designs Calculated to Improve the present Taste etc.
  • Worcester porcelain large cabbage-leaf jug
  • Frontispiece to A Catalogue of Maps, Prints, Copy-Books, &c.
  • The Honourable and truly brave William Blakeney Esqr. late Governor of Minorca
  • Frontispiece and title-page to Robert Sayer's New and Enlarged Catalogue
  • Trade card of John Smith
  • Trade card of Fenwick Bull
  • An Exact View of London Bridge since the Conflagration of the Late Temporary Bridge
  • The Fair Hibernian
  • Trade card of Peter Griffin
  • A Perspective View of Temple Barr and St. Dunstans Church
  • Title-page to A Catalogue of the Large and Genuine Collection of Copper-Plates, of Mr. Samuel Sympson
  • Trade card for Dorothy Mercier, Printseller and Stationer
  • Blenheim House
  • Trade card of Gerard Vadergucht
  • A Catalogue of Prints
  • Rhaidder Fawr, A great Cataract, three Miles from Penmaen Mawr
  • Anatomy of the Pregnant Uterus, Tab VI
  • The happy Youth
  • Camillus, a Fine Running Horse Belonging to His Grace the Duke of Bolton
  • Bermudas Cedar
  • Mr. Bampfylde Moore Carew, King of the Beggars
  • La Tempête
  • Giardino
  • Caput Canalis et Ingressus in Urbem
  • The Presentation in the Temple
  • Paul Before Felix Burlesqued
  • The Hundred Guilder Print
  • Eight curious prints of Fowl and Fish plate 4, Bustard &c
  • June from Twelve Months of Flowers
  • November from Twelve Months of Fruit
  • Twelve Prints of Birds, plate 2
  • The Wonders of the Deep, plate 2
  • Twelve Prints of English Birds, plate 5, The Cock Sky-Lark etc
  • Twelve New Designs of English Butterflies, plate 2
  • A New Book of Chinese Designs Calculated to Improve the present Taste etc.
  • The Delights of Islington
  • A perspective glass
  • A View of the Noblemens and Gentlemens Severall Strings or Traines of Running Horses taking their exercise up the Watering Course on the Warring Hill at New Markett
  • A Beautifull Running Horse Belonging to His Grace the Duke of Bolton
  • Portraits and Pedigrees of the most Celebrated Racers: Lath, Crab, Molly, Bald Charlotte, Othello and Childers
  • The Portraiture of Bald Charlotte
  • The Portraiture of Mr. Meredith's famous Chesnut Horse Shakespear
  • Mrs. Midnight's Animal Comedians
  • Earth
  • Earth
  • Ammon's great Son
  • Great Britain and Ireland's Yawn
  • Court and Country United against the Popish Invasion
  • Tandem Triumphans
  • The Harbour Town & Forts of Porto Bello Taken by Edward Vernon
  • The taking of Porto Bello by Vice Admiral Vernon
  • An exact Representation of the takeing the Solebay Man of War by Captn Phillips of the Alexander Privateer of 20 Guns & 140 Men belonging to Bristol
  • South Prospect of Southill in the County of Bedford
  • View of the Hermitage in the Royal Garden at Richmond
  • A Prospect of the Cascade and part of Lord Burlington's house at Chiswick
  • View of the Queen's Theatre from the Rotunda
  • View of Tivoli
  • A Prospect in the upper part of Dove-Dale
  • Knaresborough
  • Matlock High-Torr
  • Gordal at Malham in Craven
  • A View of the Head of Ulswater toward Patterdale
  • A View at the Entrance between the Pavillions
  • A View of the Back Part of the Cassina & part of the Serpentine River, terminated by the Cascade in the Garden of the Earl of Burlington at Chiswick
  • The Exercise of See Saw
  • A View of the Canal, Chinese Building, Rotundo, &c. in Ranelagh Gardens, with the Masquerade
  • The New Building on Shrubs Hill
  • A View of the Garden &c. at Carton House in Pall Mall, a Palace of Her Royal Highness the Princess Dowager of Wales
  • A View of the Upper Works at Coalbrook Dale
  • A View of Foots-Cray Plate in Kent, the Seat of Bourchier Cleeve Esqr
  • A Country Wake
  • Title-page to Collection of Prints, Engraved from the finest Paintings of the Greatest Master
  • The great annual Sacrifice at the Temple of Apollo in the island of Delos
  • The Royal Procession of Queen Elizabeth
  • A Jew Rabbi
  • Venus
  • The Ruins of Balbec
  • The Shepherds in Arcadia
  • Saint John Preaching in the Wilderness
  • From a Picture in the Collection of the late Anthony Langley Swymmer Esq.
  • The Washerwomen
  • The Rural Lovers
  • The Defeat of a French Squadron...off Cape Lagos on the 18 of August 1759
  • George the Third, King of Great Britain
  • Lady Charlotte Fitzwilliam
  • Niobe
  • First Premium Landscape
  • The Hop Pickers
  • The Apple Gatherers
  • Celadon and Amelia
  • The Fishery
  • The Lion and Horse
  • The Air Pump
  • Shooting, Plate I
  • Andromache Weeping over the Ashes of Hector
  • Regulus Returning to Carthage
  • An Iron Forge
  • The Marquis of Granby Relieving the Distressed Soldier and his Family
  • Mr. Garrick and Mrs. Cibber in the Characters of Jaffier and Belvidera
  • The Honey-Moon
  • Head of a Man
  • The Right Honble. Willm. Beckford Esqr, Lord Mayor and Member of Parliament for the City of London
  • A Scene in King John: I saw a Smith stand with his hammer thus
  • Achilles Laments the Death of Patroclus
  • An Incantation
  • Mr. Garrick in the Character of Abel Drugger, Mr. Burton and Mr. Palmer in the Characters of Subtle and Face
  • The Larder
  • Shakespeare-Sacrificed; – or – The Offering to Avarice
  • Wm. Woollett, Engraver to His Majesty
  • The Enchanted Castle
  • Joseph Andrews
  • Mrs. Gwynne and Mrs. Bunbury in the Characters of the Merry Wives of Windsor
  • The Fruit Barrow
  • Hanover Square
  • The Macaroni Print Shop
  • The Kitchen of a French Post House
  • First a wild fig-tree trunk was I, not useful as timber (Olim Truncus Eram Ficulnus Inutile Lignum)
  • Lavinia
  • Gleaners
  • Spectators at a Print Shop in St. Paul's Church Yard
  • Widow Wadman's Plan of Attack on Uncle Toby
  • The Triumph of Benevolence
  • Sir Harry Tempest Vane's Horse Hambletonian Preparing to Start against Mr. Cookson's Diamond
  • Hay-Makers
  • Wooded Landscape with Peasant Reading a Tombstone, Rustic Lovers and Ruined Church
  • The Queen of Edward 4th giving up the Duke of York
  • The Death of Major Pierson and the defeat of the French troops in the market place of St. Helier's in the island of Jersey, Jany 6, 1781
  • A Lady and her Children relieving a Cottager
  • Patriotic Regeneration
  • The Death of Lady Jane Gray, A.D. 1554
  • Henrietta Maria Magnae Britanniae Regina
  • A View of the South West Side of Chunar Gur
  • The Gypsie Fortune Teller. The Introduction of Auld Robin Gray to Jenny
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen
  • Christ's Resurrection
  • Alfred the Great Dividing his Loaf with the Pilgrim
  • Ophelia
  • The Weird Sisters
  • Shak[e]speare: Much ado about nothing
  • The Death of General Wolfe
  • The Battle at La Hogue (Combat de la Hogue)
  • The Death of General Wolfe
  • The Scene before Gibraltar on the Morning of the 14th September 1782
  • A Youth Rescued from a Shark
  • View of Royal Dock Yard at Deptford
  • George Augustus Eliott, Lord Heathfield of Gibraltar
  • The Right Honble Lady Louisa Manners, Sister to the Earl of Dysart
  • La Fleur's Departure from Montreuil
  • Maria
  • Testament d'Eudamidas de la Ville de Corinthe
  • The Grace
  • Wierd-Sisters; Ministers of Darkness; Minions of the Moon
  • Children Spouting Tragedy
  • The Accusing Spirit which flew up to Heaven's Chancery with the Oath
  • The Spirit of a Child arriv'd in the Presence of the Almighty
  • A Shepherd
  • The Sailor's Orphans: or the Young Ladies Subscription
  • Sensibility
  • Cornelia Mother of the Gracchi
  • Penelope weeping over the Bow of Ulysses
  • Lady Anne Bothwells Lament
  • Eleanora sucking the Venom out of the wound which Edward I [...] received [...] in Palestine
  • Jane of Flanders Comtess of Mountford, assembling the inhabitants of Rennes
  • The Battle of Agincourt
  • Faun
  • Lanercost Priory
  • David Garrick Esqr
  • The Rural Cott
  • The Death of Captain Cook
  • South East View of the City of Bath
  • The celebrated Madonna of Correggio, with the Magdalen St. Jerom &ca
  • His Most Serene Highness Carl Theodor, Elector Palatine
  • Cupid and Psyche
  • Prudence
  • The Infant Hercules
  • Tigress
  • O Venus Regina Cnidi Paphique
  • Porrigit hîc Veneri lucida dona Paris
  • Der Kupferstich Liebhaber
  • Dancing Dogs
  • Recruit Deserted
  • Mr. West and Family
  • Child of Sorrow
  • O Venus Regina Cnidi Paphique
  • Annette & Lubin
  • The Last Interview of Werter and Charlotte
  • The Engagement between the Quebec Frigate, Capn George Farmer, and the Surveillante Frigate, Monsieur Couëdic
  • His Royal Highness George Prince of Wales
  • The Death of Prince Leopold of Brunswick
  • The Resignation of Lady Jane Grey
  • Ugolino
Free
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
Contents
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Free
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~A PRINCIPAL PURPOSE OF THIS BOOK is to facilitate further study of prints in eighteenth-century England so that they may be rehabilitated in accounts of its cultural life. To this end I have attempted to describe the processes of publication and distribution, to outline the structure of the trade and to identify the principal participants. I have...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Free
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~MEASUREMENTS CITED IN THE TEXT ARE in feet and inches in order to reflect contemporary usage. In the captions they are in millimetres in accordance with standard modern practice.
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~UNTIL PHOTOGRAPHY BECAME CHEAP ENOUGH to replace it, the print was the principal medium for conveying visual information, the chief means of remembering what a painting or a building looked like. In the century of Enlightenment the crucial importance of the print to the spread of taste and knowledge was widely appreciated. It was repeatedly affirmed that...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.xi-xiv

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
Part One
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~AT THE END OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY the most obvious place to buy a print was at a ‘picture shop’ such as Henry...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.3-23

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~ANYONE WHO READ THE NEWSPAPERS in the early eighteenth century would soon be convinced that the most exciting prints in the shops came from France and Italy. It was no novelty that English printsellers should be selling foreign prints, but never before had prints been imported in such large...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.25-48

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~IN 1711 NICOLAS DORIGNY, then one of the most reputable engravers working in Rome, was persuaded by a group of English virtuosi, led by the Lord Treasurer, Robert Harley (1661–1724), and the banker Sir Robert...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.49-74

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~WHILE MANY OF THE PRINTS yielded by the ambitious collaborations of artists and virtuosi found a place in the print shops, the printsellers’ own publications were, to virtuosi, proverbial for their mediocrity. Henry Overton’s eminence in the trade was recognized in the way that his name became synonymous with the cheaper, more commercial side of print...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.75-101

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
Part Two
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~THE IMPROVING FORTUNE OF English designers reflected marked growth in the print trade as a whole between 1730 and 1770. It was not yet matched by any decline in the influx of prints from France, however, and the market for old prints was also growing and becoming increasingly competitive as more and more collectors chaced fine impressions of highly...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.105-128

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~IF BY 1753 HOGARTH’S HOPE THAT ‘print-sellers would [. . .] become as numerous as bakers’ shops’ seemed ‘to be pretty nearly gratified’,Hogarth to Hawkins, 1753, quoted by Hunter,...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.129-153

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~ENGLISH CONFIDENCE IN THE INTEREST and importance of the sights of England and Wales grew visibly towards mid-century and prints documented and disseminated a sense of national ambition. Publications were aimed at English and foreign tourists and at those vicarious tourists who collected prints instead of travelling. The xenophobic pride of the 1740s encouraged...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.155-180

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~THE PERIOD BETWEEN THE FOUNDATION OF THE Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce in 1754 and the decline of the Incorporated Society of Artists of Great Britain about 1775 saw dramatic advances in contemporary art publishing. By providing funds and initiating competitions the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.181-206

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
Part Three
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~BY THE LAST QUARTER OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY a great number of print shops and engraver’s studios were spread across London and the suburbs. The most fashionable retailers had gravitated towards Pall Mall, Piccadilly, Bond Street and Oxford Street. While John Boydell enjoyed his reputation as the world’s leading merchant-printseller, the...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.209-234

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~IN 1782 VALENTINE GREEN PUBLISHED A Review of the Polite Arts in France, at the Time of their Establishment under Louis the XTVth, Compared with their Present State in England. He bemoaned the lack of patronage in Britain for history painting on the monumental scale of Renaissance Italy or Louis XIV’s France. He argued that the commonly repeated...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.235-259

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~IN 1787 THE PRINTSELLER THOMAS MACKLIN boasted that ‘In less than half a Century, our Artists have excelled those on the Continent; and the demand for British Ornament and Elegance has become a powerful Branch of Trade, and a new Source of National Opulence’.The World, 4...
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.261-282

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Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
~THE YEAR 1802 WAS ONE OF HOPE FOR PRINTSELLERS. The Peace of Amiens brought a renewal of travelling and of foreign trade. Thousands of Englishmen visited Paris and thousands of Europeans came to London....
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Related print edition pages: pp.283-286

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Free
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
Bibliography
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
Free
Description: The English Print: 1688–1802
Index
PublisherPaul Mellon Centre
The English Print: 1688–1802
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