List of illustrations

  • Viceroyalty of New Spain
  • Viceroyalty of Peru
  • North and South America: Eighteenth Century
  • Spanish and Portuguese Trade Routes
  • The Storming of the Teocalli by Cortés and His Troops
  • Funeral of Atahualpa
  • Façade of the Chapel of Pocito, Villa of Guadalupe
  • The Nuns of Saint Catherine Moving to Their New Convent
  • The Great City of Tenochtitlán
  • Rhetórica christiana
  • Atrial cross
  • Image depicting tributes given to the Spanish, including a feather painting of the Virgin and Child (Huejotzingo Codex, painting 5)
  • Tira de Tepechpan
  • Lienzo de Tequixtepec
  • Khipu
  • Maita Capac Inga
  • Painting of a Statue of the Virgin of Candlemas with Donors
  • The Creation of Eve
  • Christ Child of Huanca
  • San Francisco Plaza
  • Plan of the Fortifications of the Plaza of New Orleans, Capital of the Province of Louisiana
  • Plan of the City of Bay of San Juan de Puerto Rico in the Eighteenth Century
  • Noble City Guanajuato
  • View of the Rich Mountain of Potosí
  • Map of the castle and harbor of Acapulco
  • City of Quito
  • Plan and foundation record of the city of Resurrección (Mendoza) in the province of Cuyo (Tucumán)
  • View of the Main Square of Mexico, Reformed and Embellished by Order of His Excellency, Grand Viceroy, Count of Revilla Gigedo
  • The plaza and facade of the Church of San Francisco de Quito
  • A group of dwellings in the sector of the plaza of San Francisco
  • Central patio of a house in Quito, Ecuador
  • Procession in the Main Square of Lima
  • Zemi (back)
  • Afro-Brazilian oratório
  • Ex-votos
  • Virgin of Montserrat
  • The Three Wise Men
  • Slaves Bring Whipped; Negroes in Stocks
  • Gourds, Citrus, Fruits, and Cactus
  • African Man
  • African Woman and Child
  • Reconstruction of the Retreat of Nossa Senhora do Parto, detail
  • Our Lady of Sorrows
  • Facade of the Church of São Francisco de Assis
  • Glorification of the Virgin
  • The School of Master Rafael Cordero
  • Crucified Christ
  • Choir screen
  • Saint Anne with the Infant Mary
  • Our Lord of Humility and Patience
  • Sacristy ceiling
  • Chinese temple lion
  • View of the Viceroy's Palace in Mexico City
  • Cover (bedspread)
  • Ceramic tiles in the Chinese style
  • Saint Joseph, from a Nativity
  • The Vision of Saint Francis
  • Saints Justus and Pastor
  • Apotheosis of Saint Thomas Aquinas
  • Holy Family of the Bird
  • The Holy Family with Saint Elizabeth, Saint John, and a Dove
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • Virgin of the Immaculate Conception
  • Charles III as a Child
  • Doña María de la Luz Padilla y Gómez de Cervantes
  • La infanta María Antonia Fernanda de Borbón
  • Pulpit
  • Saint Éloi in His Workshop
  • From Albino and Spaniard, a Return-Backwards Is Born
  • Official with Pen
  • Chocolate Jar with Iron Lid (Chocolatero)
  • Tile panel (tablero) of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception
  • Tile panel (tablero) of Saint Christopher
  • Still Life with Metalwork Objects
  • Handled Bowl with Bird and Applied Decoration (Búcaro de Indias)
  • Handled Bowl with Fish and Other Applied Decoration (Búcaro de Indias)
  • View of the City of Mexico (Vista de la ciudad de México)
  • Fabrication of Objects of Barniz de Pasto
  • Portable Writing Desk, detail of lid
  • Still Life with an Ebony Chest
  • Tray (batea), detail of reverse
  • Two-handled Jar
  • Bottle
  • Beaker
  • Double-handled bowls
  • Amphora
  • Sculptures of a turkey and of a fish
  • Handled Bowl with Bird and Handled Bowl with Fish
  • Spotted jar with handle (botijo)
  • Footed dish
  • Three keros
  • The Wedding at Cana
  • Tray (batea)
  • Portable Writing Desk
  • Batea with "los galgos (greyhounds)" Decoration
  • Tray (batea)
  • Writing Cabinet on Table
  • Sewing Box
  • Chest
  • Trunk
  • Portable Writing Desk
  • Chest
  • Sewing Box
  • Writing desk
  • Ballot Box
  • Tray
  • Basin with Landscape in Chinese Style
  • Basin with Strapwork and Bobbin Lace Designs
  • Jar with Handles
  • Jar with Handles (Talavera Poblana)
  • Basin (Lebrillo) with the Archangel Michael
  • Jar with chrysanthemum blossoms
  • Bowl with Landscape
  • Pattern Book
  • Sister Maria Ignacia de la Sangre de Cristo
  • Page from manuscript on Mexico City's silk weaving and textile stamping industries
  • Shawl (Rebozo), detail
  • Sampler
  • Cover (detail)
  • Cueitl (skirt) and Huipil (sleeveless blouse)
  • Wedding mantle, detail of mermaid, imperial eagle, and lace
  • Nezahualpilli wearing maxlatl (loincloth) and tilmatli (cloak)
  • The First Inca (Manco Capac Inca)
  • Coya Mamahuaco
  • The Parish of Saint Sebastian (from the series Corpus Christi de Santa Ana), detail
  • Cortés and Marina with Tlaxcalan Lords and Ladies
  • The Annunciation of the Birth of Saint Francis of Assisi, detail
  • Portrait of Sebstiana Inés Josefa de San Agustín
  • The Hernándezes Honoring Their Devotion to Saint Michael Archangel, detail
  • Feather miter with infulae
  • img563
  • Man's tunic
  • Double-sided man’s tunic with tocapu
  • Man's tunic (back)
  • Tapestry with figurative scenes
  • Gremial of Archbishop Juan de Zumárraga
  • Dalmatic
  • Chasuble
  • Dalmatic
  • Chasuble
  • Cope (back)
  • Chasuble and cope
  • Chasuble
  • Chalice cover
  • Sampler
  • Shawl (Rebozo)
  • Coffer
  • Two-wicked oil lamp
  • Pair of Salvers
  • Salver
  • Salver and cup
  • Cup
  • Monstrance
  • Salver
  • Coffer
  • Incense (Perfume) Burner
  • Chalice
  • Pax
  • Chalice
  • Monstrance
  • Votive Lamp
  • Basin
  • Altar Cross
  • Frame for a mirror
  • Plaque of Carlos IV
  • Processional Monstrance
  • Eucharistic coffer
  • Chalice
  • Compote dish with salver
  • Tabernacle
  • Reliquary bust of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary
  • Monstrance
  • Monstrance
  • Missal stand
  • Monstrance
  • Monstrance
  • Votive Lamp
  • Altar frontal
  • Monstrance
  • Brazier and fire shovel
  • Eucharistic urn in the form of a pelican
  • Water heater (in the shape of a turkey) with internal brazier
  • Crown of thorns
  • Water heater in the shape of a lion
  • Ewer and washbasin
  • Basin
  • Ewer
  • Candlesticks
  • Box for yerba maté (?)
  • Box for sweets or yerba maté
  • Portable altarpiece
  • Shield of Potosí
  • Monstrance
  • Naveta (incense boat)
  • Ciborium
  • Pair of ornamental plaques
  • Ciborium and case
  • Reliquary bust of Saint Lucy
  • Flasks for holy oils
  • Arm reliquaries of Saint Sebastian and Saint Benedict; foot reliquary of Saint Maur
  • Candle base
  • Basin
  • Baptismal shell
  • Crown for a statue of the Virgin
  • Processional cross and two sets of lanterns
  • Atrial cross
  • Exterior north portal, Church of San Miguel Arcángel
  • Angel in high relief on an exterior wall of the posas, Church of San Miguel Arcángel
  • Angel in high relief on an exterior wall of the posas, Church of San Miguel Arcángel
  • Saint Michael Archangel
  • Virgin of the Dormition, detail
  • Saint Anthony of Padua with the Christ Child
  • Holy Family
  • Main altar, Monastery of São Bento
  • Friar Teaching
  • Christ Crucified
  • Festival site of Qoyllur Riti
  • Interior of a church at the festival site of Qoyllur Riti
  • Saint James the Great, Apostle of Christ, Intervenes in the War in Cuzco
  • Column base depicting the Lord of the Earth
  • Saint Sebastian
  • Ecce Homo
  • Saint James Killer of Indians (Santiago Mataindios)
  • Archangel
  • Christ on the Cross
  • Saint Christopher and the Christ Child
  • San Felipe de Jesús
  • Saint Joseph and the Christ Child
  • Christ Child Crucified
  • Our Lady of Patronage (called "La Colocha")
  • Saint Sebastian
  • Saint Iphigenia
  • Saint Bartholomew
  • Saint Michael Archangel
  • Saint Anne and the Virgin Mary
  • Saint Rose of Lima
  • Descent from the Cross
  • Saint Joachim and the Virgin as a Child
  • Saint Barbara
  • Saint Anthony of Padua
  • Allegory of the Triumph of the Virgin
  • Saint Rose of Lima
  • Saint John of God
  • Our Lady of Sorrows
  • Christ Crucified with the Three Maries
  • Madonna of the Light
  • Christ at the Column
  • Divine Shepherdess
  • Virgin of Quito
  • Saint James Major
  • Saint Ignatius of Antioch
  • Saint Sebastian
  • Saint Margaret
  • Saint Gregory the Great
  • Christ Child of Huanca
  • Death the Archer
  • Altarpiece of the Virgin of Copacabana
  • Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata
  • Our Lady of Mercy
  • Crucifix (Bom Jesus de Matosinhos)
  • Bishop
  • Saint Joachim
  • Decorative element (escutcheon with cherub)
  • Saint Anne Teaching the Virgin
  • Saint Joseph in Boots
  • Crucifix and rood screen, back
  • Crucifix and rood screen, front
  • Christ at the Column
  • Saint Elesbão
  • Saint Anne and the Young Virgin
  • Saint Michael Archangel
  • Arm reliquaries
  • Christ at the Column
  • Saint James the Moor-Killer
  • Christ at the Column
  • Annunciation, wall painting
  • Saint Christopher
  • Saint Christopher
  • Virgin of Guadalupe
  • Main altarpiece of the Church of San Bernardino
  • Crucifixion of Saint Peter
  • Franciscan Allegory in Honor of the Immaculate Conception
  • Sacristy, wall painting
  • Glorification of the Virgin
  • Presentation in the Temple
  • Choir book
  • Baby Jesus with Canons of Puebla Cathedral
  • Interior of church, wall paintings
  • Ceiling, Church of Nossa Senhora da Conceição da Praia
  • Saint Francis Xavier
  • Indian Wedding
  • The Virgin of Guadalupe
  • Juan Diego
  • True Portrait of the Venerable Juan Diego
  • The Discovery of the Sculpture of the Virgin of Remedios
  • The Discovery of the Sculpture of the Virgin of Remedios
  • The Apparition of San Miguel del Milagro to Diego Lázaro
  • The Apparition of San Miguel del Milagro to Diego Lázaro
  • The Apparition of the Virgin of Ocotlán to the Indian Juan Diego
  • Portrait of Nicolás de San Luis Montañez
  • Choir book, detail
  • Choir book, detail
  • Nun's Shield showing the Virgin and Child with Saints John the Baptist and Catherine of Alexandria (?)
  • Adoration of the Shepherds
  • The Annunciation
  • The Annunciation
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas
  • Saint Francis of Assisi Receiving the Stigmata
  • The Hermit Saints Paul and Anthony
  • Christ on the Road to Calvary
  • The Crucifixion
  • The Virgin of Immaculate Conception
  • Saint Michael Archangel
  • Apparition of Saint Michael on Mount Gargano
  • Franciscan Exaltation of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception
  • Saint Francis Receiving the Sacred Flask
  • Altarpiece of the Virgin of Sorrows
  • Altarpiece of the Virgin of Sorrows, detail
  • The Four Elements and the Liberal Arts
  • The Four Elements and the Liberal Arts
  • Saint Michael Archangel
  • Saint Christopher
  • Conveyance of the Image and Inauguration of the Sanctuary of Guadalupe
  • Adam and Eve in Paradise
  • The Flood
  • The Archangel Michael
  • Virgin of Aránzazu
  • Lactation of Saint Dominic
  • Moctezuma
  • Moctezuma
  • Fernando de Alencastre Noroña y Silva, Duke of Linares, Viceroy of Mexico
  • The Flight into Egypt
  • Christ Consoled by the Angels
  • The Woman of the Apocalypse
  • Christ of Ixmiquilpan
  • The Good Shepard
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus with Saint Ignatius of Loyola and Saint Louis of Gonzaga
  • Sister Elvira de San José
  • Brother Juan Díaz and Brother José Moreno
  • Saint Ignatius of Loyola Teaching the Children of New Spain
  • Plan of the Archbishopric of Mexico
  • The Soul Guided by Christ
  • The Papal Proclamation of the Patronage of the Virgin of Guadalupe in New Spain
  • Three-Faced Trinity
  • Virgin of Guadalupe
  • Death Portrait of Mariano Francisco de Cardona
  • Our Lady of Valvanera
  • Birth of Saint Ignatius and Prophecies That Preceded It
  • God Confirms the Sanctity of Saint Ignatius by Granting Health to a Sick Woman/Death of Saint Ignatius
  • Indian Wedding and Flying Pole
  • A Mulatto Woman
  • From Spaniard and Black, Mulatto
  • From Spaniard and Indian, Mestiza
  • From Spaniard and Mestiza, Castiza
  • From Spaniard and Black, Mulatto
  • From Spaniard and Mulatto, Morisca
  • From Spaniard and Albino, Return Backwards
  • From Spaniard and Return Backwards, Hold Yourself in Midair
  • From Black and Indian, China Cambuja
  • From China Cambujo and Indian, Wolf
  • From Wolf and Indian, Albarazado
  • From Albarazado and Mestiza, Barcino
  • From Indian and Barcina, Zambaiga
  • From Castizo and Mestiza, Chamizo
  • From Mestizo and Indian, Coyote
  • Gentile Indians
  • Albina and Spniard Produce a Black Return Backwards
  • Don Matías de Gálvez y Gallardo Vice-Protector of the Academy of San Carlos
  • Reverend Mother María Antonia de Rivera
  • Conditions for a Good Confession
  • Folding Screen with Pastoral Scenes
  • Our Lady of Expectation
  • Descent from the Cross
  • Don Francisco de la Robe and His Sons Pedro and Domingo
  • Franciscan Martyrs of Japan
  • The Construction of the Cathedral of Santiago de los Caballeros, Guatemala
  • The Parish of Saint Sebastian
  • Asiel Timor Dei
  • The Angel Barachiel
  • Angel with Wheat Stalks
  • The Last Judgment
  • Annunciation of the Birth of Saint Francis to Doña Pica
  • A Young Saint Francis Distributes Bread to the Poor
  • Temptations of the Flesh
  • The Miracle of the Wounds
  • Conquest and "Reducción" of the Indians of the Paraca and Pantasma Mountains in Guatemala
  • Saint Paschal Baylon, Pray for Us; Saint Salvador of Horta, Pray for Us
  • Pietà
  • The Virgin of Bethlehem
  • Saint Michael Archangel
  • Saint John the Evangelist
  • Saint Luke the Evangelist
  • Saint Mark the Evangelist
  • Saint Matthew the Evangelist
  • Nuptials of Martín de Loyola with the Ñusta Beatriz and of Don Juan de Borja with Doña Lorenza Ñusta de Loyola
  • A Condemned Man in Hell
  • The Patronage of Saint Joseph
  • Fire at the Retreat of Nossa Senhora do Parto
  • Reconstruction of the Retreat of Nossa Senhora do Parto
  • The Divine Shepherdess
  • The Virgin Mary and the Rich Mountain of Potosí
  • The Virgin of the Rosary with Saint Dominic and Saint Francis of Assisi
  • Our Lady of the Rosary of Pomata
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas with Heretics Underfoot
  • Saint Dominic with the Banner of the Order
  • Abbot Joachim of Fiore Delivering the Portraits of Saint Francis and Saint Dominic
  • Virgin of the Immaculate Conception
  • Doña Rosa María Salazar y Gabiño, Countess of Monteblanco and Montemar
  • Viceroy José Solís Folch de Cardona
  • Don Jorge Miguel Lozano de Peralta, Marquis of San Jorge
  • Doña María Tadea González Manrique del Frago Bonis, Marchioness of San Jorge
  • Christ Crucified, with the Agony in the Garden; the Virgin of the Carmen; the Immaculate Conception; and Saint Joseph with the Christ Child
  • Adoration of the Shepherds
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • The Christ Child Wearing the Imperial Inca Crown and Catholic Priestly Robes
  • Don José Antonio Manso de Valasco, Count of Superunda, Viceroy of Peru
  • The Child Virgin at the Spinning Wheel
  • Lord of the Earthquakes
  • Effigies of the Incas or Kings of Peru
  • Virgin of Cocharcas
  • Christ Carrying the Cross
  • Simón Bolivar
  • The Rescue of Ramón Power
  • Governor Don Miguel Antonio de Ustáriz
  • Governor Don Ramón de Castro
  • Portrait of a Woman in Mourning
  • The Child Juan Pantaleón Avilés
  • Tiana
  • Bench
  • Moctezuma, from the Tovar manuscript
  • Hammock
  • Ture
  • The Five Pannonian Masons as Woodcarvers
  • Notary receiving tributary payment from an Indian
  • The chief attendant of the church, confraternities, and hospitals of the kingdom (El mayordomo de la iglesia, de confradías y de hospitales de este reino)
  • Writing desk
  • Bed (Cama)
  • Desk
  • Armoire
  • Pair of framed mirrors
  • Armchair
  • Armchair
  • Writing desk
  • Writing desk
  • Armchair
  • Desk resting on bufete
  • Frame with painting of Christ
  • Wardrobe
  • Armoire
  • Desk
  • Bench
  • Casket table
  • Confessional
  • Armchair
  • Armchair
  • Butacón (chair)
  • Auxiliary table
  • Armoire
  • Wardrobe
  • Chest of drawers for a sacristy
  • Desk
  • Fleuron
  • Frontispiece with the crest of Christopher Columbus
  • Machu Picchu
  • Six Fruits
  • San Felipe del Morro ("El Morro")
  • Cathedral of Virgen María de la Concepción Inmaculada
  • Baptismal font
  • Bishop's Miter with the Crucifixion in the Monogram of Christ
  • Church of Santo Domingo
  • Jodoco Ricke Baptizing Indians
  • Don Antonio de Mendoza
  • Heavenly Jerusalem (Apocalypse 21:10)
  • Combat between a Tiger-Warrior and Native, detail
  • Pulpit
  • Unloading of Merchandise, from The Arrival of Portuguese in Japan, detail
  • Potosí, Bolivia
  • Coins (Macuquinas)
  • René Goulaine de Laudonnière and the Indian Chief Athore Visit Ribaut's Column
  • Church of San Pedro
  • The Good Shepard
  • Tureen with cover
  • Sir Francis Drake
  • Clavicord
  • Chitarra Battente
  • Choir Book for Holy Week
  • Spanish Missionary Instructing Native Americans, title age
  • The Author Ayala Presents His Corónica to Philip III, King of Spain
  • Pernambuco Brazil: A Dutch West Indian Company Outpost
  • Allegory of the Wealth of the New World, title page
  • Brazilian Landscape with Anteater
  • Sister Junana Inés de la Cruz
  • Llamas Working at a Silver Mine in the Andes
  • Basilica of Nuestra Señora del Pilar
  • Winged Immaculate Conception (Virgin of Quito)
  • Chest depiciting the French geodesic expedition to the equator, detail of the lid
  • Havana
  • Our Lady of Guadalupe
  • The Spaniards Take Moctezuma Prisoner in the City of Mexico
  • Cloister (with Volcán de Agua in the background), Antigua Universidad de San Carlos, Guatemala
  • View of the Plaza Mayor of Mexico City
  • Europe Supported by Africa and America
  • The Twelve Old Testament Prophets
  • Doors to the convent of Las Conceptas
  • Nuns of the convent of Las Conceptas, Crèche
  • Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Belley
  • Portrait of Simón Bolívar
  • Vase: The Cultivation of Cocoa
  • José de San Martín
  • Acclamation of Dom Pedro, First Emperor of Brazil, in Camp St. Anne in Rio de Janeiro on October 12, 1822
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Contents
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
~We are honored and delighted to present to a broad public in the United States and Mexico this extraordinary compendium of works of art from what are now twelve countries across Latin America and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Between the great indigenous civilizations of the ancient Americas and the modern nations that came into being in the early...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Lenders
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Contributing Authors
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
~This exhibition and the accompanying catalogue are the product of a broad and, for the central organizing team, delightful collaboration with international colleagues, as diverse and complexly interlinked as the contents of the exhibition itself.
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Maps
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
The critical fortunes of Latin American colonial art have been, in many ways, no more radical in their eclipse and rediscovery than, say, those of the Italian baroque. The complex artistic achievements of over three hundred years of creation in the Iberian colonial world (about a third of the earth’s surface) were for all intents and purposes shelved at the beginning of the nineteenth...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.1-10

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
In 1535 the young Felipe de Guevara accompanied Carlos V on his successful campaign to recapture Tunis from the Turks, an event that was financed by the ransom of the Inca sovereign Atahualpa. Guevara also traveled with and observed the Flemish artist Jan de Vermeyn, who recorded visually the entire expedition so that it might be turned into the greatest tapestries of the Spanish royal...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.11-22

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
At the time of the discovery and conquest of the New World, one of the crown’s maxims was that the Spanish should establish permanent settlements, a process in which cities played a fundamental strategic role.CEHOPU 1989, p. 13. According to historian Arturo...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.23-38

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
The Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico Luigi Pigorini in Rome houses one of the most compelling and enigmatic objects of Caribbean art from the earliest years of the colonial era...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.39-56

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Colonial Latin America was more directly and profoundly affected by Asian culture than Europe ever was, even during the period when countries from Italy to Sweden were swept up in the art and design style known as dimoisene (c. 1670–c. 1830). More than a century before chinoiserie took hold in Europe, colonial societies in Spanish and Portuguese America were captivated by the arts of Japan,...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.57-70

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
This essay seeks to examine Latin American art in the Spanish viceroyalties at moments of closer or more remote relationship to Spanish and European art and to offer criteria, including patronage issues, that may be used in ongoing investigations of the subject.While almost all authors who have investigated the Latin American...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.71-86

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Although widely dispersed, there is a wealth of information on the movement of Spaniards, Portuguese, and other Europeans to the New World between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries.The source most commonly consulted is the Catàlogo de pasajeros a Indias durante los siglos XVI,XVII y XVIII, in seven...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.87-95

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
The creative genius of the indigenous artisans of Latin America served as the foundation for the decorative arts of the colonial era. The luxurious objects of gold, silver, feathers, and textiles that they produced for the elite of the Aztec and Inca...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.98-121

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Decorative Arts: Object Entries
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.122-143

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Much of the contemporaneous information on Latin American textiles at the time of European contact comes...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.146-154

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
It is said that clothes express power. Images from Mexico and the Andes, called the Viceroyalties of New Spain and Peru, however, demand more sensitive description. Clothing in Latin America voiced power with many inflections, including politics, race, wealth, gender, and, especially among the Creoles, or Spaniards born in the New World, the experience of living in a diaspora. The Spaniards who...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.155-163

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Textiles: Object Entries
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.164-175

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
From 1492 onward, the meeting of the Old and the New Worlds (Europe and the Americas respectively) implied among other things an inevitable situation of cultural confrontation and interaction. The key protagonist in this process—which would change the face of European history—was Spain. In its process of imperial projection, Spain aimed to impose its own cultural experiences on...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.178-189

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Hispanic Silver: Object Entries
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.190-227

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
In ecclesiastical as well as affluent domestic contexts, silver was part of everyday life in Brazil from the early days of colonization. In her testament dated 1586, for example, Catarina Paraguassú left all her silver objects to the Benedictine monastery of Salvador. It is likely that, at this early date, a good part of Catarina’s silver was made in...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.230-235

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Brazilian Silver: Object Entries
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.236-245

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
The Christ Child hangs from the cross, his eyes closed, a prefiguration of Christ crucified as a man (cat. V-10). This small Guatemalan sculpture, dating...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.248-257

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
These questions posed by Bartolomé de Alva in 1634 reveal the many unforeseen challenges confronting those closely involved in the dissemination of the imported state religion of Catholicism across the newly established viceregal dominions of...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.258-263

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Sculpture: Object Entries
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.264-319

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
As he advanced toward Tenochtitlan (today’s Mexico City) in 1519, Hernán Cortés replaced native “idols” with crosses and images of the Virgin Mary.Toussaint 1965, p. 14. His actions demonstrate that Cortés conceived the relationship between images and power to be fundamental, and that they...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.322-334

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
In the eighteenth century Mexican painting came into its own, its artistic splendor largely due to the consolidation of a local school of painting and the invention of new iconographies—both religious and secular. Ties with European art persisted throughout the colonial period, with painted and printed compositions...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.335-348

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Painting: Object Entries
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.349-473

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Europeans described the magnificent cities they encountered in the New World with great admiration. Their detailed texts reveal the practices and customs of the natives, the sumptuous finery of princes and priests, and the ostentatious wealth evident...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.476-480

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Furniture: Object Entries
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.481-507

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Chronology
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Biographies of Artists
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Sources Cited
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
Exhibitions Cited
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
~This exhibition has enjoyed a long period of gestation during which it has been immeasurably enriched by the scholarly advice, practical assistance, and enthusiasm of many people, including Barbara B. Aronson, as well as Dawn Ades, Monseñor Lorenzo Albacede, Barbara Anderson, Jaime and Pamela Aparicio, Yona Backer, Elizabeth C. Baez, Estrellita Brodsky,...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
~Frontispiece photograph © Michel Zabé, assistant Enrique Macias Martinez; fig. A-1 photograph by Judy de Bustamante; fig. C-1 photograph by Manuel Aguilar; fig. C-5 courtesy Tulane University, New Orleans, photograph by Ross Parmenter; figs, D-1, D-11, D-12 photographs by Alfonso Ortiz Crespo; figs. E-11, E-12 photographs by Fernando Chaves; fig. E-14 photograph by John Betancourt; fig. F-8 photograph © 2006 Museum of Fine Arts Boston; fig. H-1 photograph by Sergio Barbieri; fig. I-4 photograph by Gonzalo de Serna; cat. I-12 University of Pennsylvania Museum Photo Archives; cat. I-21 photograph © Mark Morosse; cat. I-24 photograph © Rodrigo Benavides; cat. I-26 photograph © Michel Zabé; cat. I-27 photograph by Judy de Bustamante; cats. I-28–I-30 photographs by Graydon Wood; cat. I-32 photograph by Lynn Rosenthal; cat. I-33 photograph © Michel Zabé; cat. I-34 photograph by Lynn Rosenthal; fig. II-5 photograph by Graydon Wood; fig. II-6 photograph by Lynn Rosenthal; fig. II-8 photograph
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
~Mexico and indeed all of Latin America have been producing works of cultural significance for more than three thousand years. Very few countries can boast of such a long-term and substantive contribution, and it is Televisa’s belief that through our foundation, Fundación Televisa, we have an obligation to help share our...
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PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
~Every so often, Latin American nations pause to examine their views on the essence, on the identity, that characterizes each of them individually as well as their perceptions of the unity that unquestionably emerges from their diverse cultures. A privileged instrument in that reflection has been history: the history of their ideas, the history of their...
Author
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
PublisherYale University Press
The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820
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