List of illustrations

  • Takht-i Sulayman, plan of the site
  • Luster-painted frieze tile with Bahram Gur, probably from Takht-i Sulayman
  • View of Sultaniyya from Matrakci Nasuh, "Bayān-i manāzil
  • Tomb of Uljaytu
  • Tomb of Uljaytu, axonometric view
  • Flanged tower
  • Sultaniyya, mausoleum of Sultan Uljaytu, detail of caults
  • Shrine of 'Abd al-Samad
  • Shrine of 'Abd al-Samad, plan
  • Tile from the Shrine of 'Abd al-Samad at Natanz
  • Shrine of Abd al-Samad, muqarnas vault over tomb
  • Stucco mihrab in the Congregational Mosque at Isfahan
  • Mosque of 'Alishah, view from the south
  • Congregational Mosque, plan
  • Congregational Mosque
  • Congregational Mosque, interior of dome chamber
  • Congregational Mosque, portal
  • Imamzada Ja'far (restored)
  • Tiles forming a tombstone
  • Congregational Mosque, portal with tile mosaic
  • Congregational Mosque, tilework on the interior of the south iwan
  • Khan al-Mirjan, interior
  • Lampas and compound-woven textile with the name of Abu Sa'id, probably Tabriz
  • Overglaze-painted lājvardina bowl, Iran
  • Underglaze-painted "Sultanabad" bowl, Iran
  • Candlestick base, north-west Iran
  • Bowl made for Shaykh Abu Ishaq, Shiraz
  • Koran stand, Iran or Central Asia
  • Page from a 30-volume manuscript of the Koran, Baghdad
  • Double frontispiece to Rasā'il ikhwān al-ṣafa', Baghdad
  • Two Gazelles from Ibn Bakhtishu, Manāfi' al ḥayawān, Maragha
  • The Investiture of 'Ali at Ghadir Khumm, from Burini, A̅thār al-bāqiya, north-west Iran
  • The Birth of the Prophet Muhammad
  • Mahmud of Ghazna Crossing the Ganges, from Rashid al-Din, Jāmi' al-tawārikh, Tabriz
  • The Bier of Alexander, from the Great Mongol Shāhnāma, north-west Iran
  • Bahram Gur killing a Wolf from the Great Mongol Shāhnāma, north-west Iran
  • Kardana and the Tortoise become Friends from a dismembered Kalīla and Dimna, probably Tabriz
  • The Wedding of Humay and Humayun
  • An Angel Seen in a Dream, from Khwaju Kirmani, Dīvān, detached page mounted in an album, Baghdad
  • Pastoral Scene, from Sultan Ahmad Jalayir, Dīwān, Baghdad
  • Bahram Gur Kills the Dragon, from the First Small Shāhnāma
  • Bahram Gur in the Peasant's House, from the Second Small Shāhnāma, north-west Iran
  • Rustam Fighting a Dragon from Firdawsi, Shāhnāma, Shiraz
  • Bahram Gur Kills the Dragon, from Firdawsi, Shāhnāma, south-west Iran
  • Shahr-i Sabz, Aqsaray Palace, portal
  • Shrine of Ahmad Yasavi
  • Shrine of Ahmad Yasavi, plan. 1) iwan; 2) central hall; 3) tomb; 4) mosque; 5) library; 6) kitchen; 7) room with a well; 8–11) meditation rooms
  • Shrine of Ahmad Yasavi, muqarnas dome over tomb
  • Mosque of Bibi Khanum
  • Shah-i Zinda
  • Shah-i Zinda, plan. 1) mausoleum of Qutham b. 'Abbas; 2) 11th-century madrasa; 3) tomb of Shirin Bik Aga; 4) Ulughbeg's portal
  • Shah-i Zinda, tomb of Shirin Bika Aga
  • Gur-i Mir
  • Gur-i Mir, plan and section. A) Madrasa; B) Khanaqah; C) Entrance to court; D) Mausoleum; E) Gallery of Ulughbeg; F) Later addition
  • Shrine of Imam Riza, Congregational Mosque, Plan. 1) mausoleum of Imam Riza; 2) dār al-siyadā'; 3) dār al-ḥuffaẓ
  • Shrine of Imam Riza, qibla iwan of the Congregational Mosque
  • Registan, plan
  • Registan
  • Complex of Gawharshad, plan of ensemble and detail of tomb
  • Complex of Gawharshad, tomb
  • Shrine of 'Abdallah Ansari, view of iwan
  • Ghiyathiyya Madrasa, plan
  • Ghiyathiyya Madrasa, courtyard
  • Ghiyathiyya Madrasa, interior vault
  • Mosque of Mir Chaqmaq, interior
  • Tombstone of Ghiyath al-Din Mansur, father of Husayn Bayqara
  • Blue Mosque, plan
  • Blue Mosque, interior with tilework decoration
  • Congregational Mosque, south iwan
  • Darb-i Imam, north portal
  • Mausoleum of Zayn al-Mirza
  • Doors to the main portal at the Shrine of Ahmad Yasavi
  • Cauldron
  • Lamp
  • Page from a dismembered manuscript of the Koran, Khurasan or Transoxiana
  • Shirin examines the portrait of Khusraw, from an "Anthology" made for Iskandar Sultan, Shiraz
  • Faridun Enthroned from Hafiz-i Abru, "Majm'a-al-tawārikh," Herat
  • The Fox and the Drum, from "Kalila and Dimna," Herat
  • Mourning for Rustam from the Baysunghur "Shāhnāma," Herat
  • Timur Granting an Audience at Balkh on the Occasion of his Accession to Power in 1370, from a dispersed "Ẓafarnāma," Shiraz
  • The Torment of Those Who Squander the Inheritance of Orphans, from a "Mir'ājnāma," Herat
  • Demon in Chains, Transoxiana
  • Tahmina Entering Rustam's Bedchamber from the Shāhnāma made for Muhammad Juki, Herat
  • Building the Mosque of Samarqand
  • The Seduction of Yusuf
  • Binding to the copy of Jalal al-Din Rumi, Mathnavī, made for Husayn Bayqara, Herat
  • Doublure to a copy of Jalalal-Din Rumi, Mathnavī, Herat
  • Jug
  • Jug, Herat
  • Dish
  • Bahram Gur in the Green Pavilion from Nizami, Khamsa, Tabriz
  • Sa'd Defeating the Divs from Muhammad b. Husam al-Din, Khwarnāma, Shiraz
  • Mosque of Baybars al-Bunduqdari
  • Mausoleum of Baybars al-Bunduqdari (Zahiriyya Madrasa), mosaic frieze
  • Map of central Cairo. 1) Mosque of Baybars I; 2) North Wall; 3) Khanaqah of Baybars al-Jashankir; 4) qaṣaba; 5) Fountain of 'Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda; 6) Complex of Barquq; 7) Complex of al-Nasir Muhammad; 8) Complex of Qala'un; 9) Wakāla of al-Ghuri; 10) Mosque of Mu'ayyd Shaykh; 11) Mosque of al-Maridani; 12) Mosque of Aqsunghur; 13) Mosque of al-Rifa'i; 14) Complex of Hasan; 15) Palace of Amir Yashbak; 16) Mosque of Sulayman Pasha; 17) Mosque of al-Nasir Muhammad; 18) Mosque of Muhammad 'Ali; 19) sabīl-kuttāb of Qa'itbay; 20) Complex of Salar and Sanjar al-Jawli
  • Complex of Qala'un, plan. 1) qaṣaba; 2) madrasa; 3) mausoleum; 4) great corridor; 5) minaret; 6) maristan
  • Complex of Qala'un, street façade of the mausoleum
  • Complex of Qala'un, interior of mausoleum
  • Complex of Qala'un, entrance to mausoleum
  • Complex of al-Nasir Muhammad, stucco panel over the mihrab
  • Complex of al-Nasir Muhammad, portal
  • Complex of Salar and Sanjar al-Jawli, plan
  • Complex of Salar and Sanjar al-Jawli
  • Citadel, Mosque of al-Nasir Muhammad, minarets
  • Mosque of al-Maridani, courtyard with mashrabiyya grille
  • Complex of Hasan, plan
  • Complex of Hasan, portal
  • Complex of Hasan, view of courtyard
  • Sultaniyya complex in the Southern Cemetery
  • Mosque of Aqbugha al-Urush, façade
  • Complex of Barquq, mihrab
  • Complex of Faraj b. Barquq in the Northern Cemetery, plan
  • Complex of Faraj b. Barquq, court
  • Mosque of Mu'ayyad Shaykh, groined vault over the vestibule
  • Mosque of Mu'ayyad Shaykh, qibla wall
  • Complex of Qa'itbay in the Northern Cemetery, plan
  • Complex of Qa'itbay
  • Complex of Qa'itbay, interior of madrasa
  • Sabīl-kuttāb of Qa'itbay on Shari'a Saliba
  • Ashrafiyya Madrasa, reconstructed elevation of east façade
  • Qa'itbay's fountain on the Haram al-Sharif
  • Palace of Amir Yashbak, portal
  • Wakāla of al-Ghawri, courtyard
  • Ashrafiyya Mosque, plan
  • Ashrafiyya Mosque, interior of main dome
  • Candlestick, Cairo
  • Baptistère of Saint-Louis, Egypt or Syria
  • Baptistère of Saint-Louis, Egypt or Syria, detail showing interior
  • Basin, Egypt or Syria
  • Chest for a 30-volume manuscript of the Koran, Egypt or Syria
  • Left half of the frontispiece to the 7th volume of a manuscript of the Koran, Cairo
  • Hand-washing Machine from al-Jazari, Automata, Egypt or Syria
  • Frontispiece to al-Hariri, Maqamāt, Egypt or Syria
  • Double page from a single-volume manuscript of the Koran, Cairo
  • Double frontispiece to a single-volume manuscript of the Koran, Cairo
  • Ewer, Cairo
  • Luster-painted ceramic jar, Damascus
  • Mosque lamp, Egypt or Syria
  • Mantle for a Statue of the Virgin with Lotus Blossoms and Medallions
  • Candlestick, Cairo
  • Minbar
  • Bowl, Cairo
  • Double frontispiece from al-Busiri, al-Kawākib al-durriyya, Cairo
  • Carpet, Cairo
  • Qasba Mosque, Minaret
  • Great Mosque, Bab Lalla Rihana
  • Page from a 5-volume manuscript of the Koran, Tunis
  • Binding to a 5-volume manuscript of the Koran, Tunis
  • Great Mosque, plan. 1) Original mosque (shaded); 2) Extension; 3) Side court; 4) Minaret
  • Great Mosque, dome over mihrab
  • Great Mosque, bronze chandelier
  • Mosque at Mansura, minaret and portal
  • Mosque of Abu Madyan, portal
  • Mosque of Abu Madyan, vestibule
  • Complex of Abu Madyan, view of courtyard
  • Bu 'Inaniya Madrasa, plan. 1) Main entrance; 2) Courtyard; 3) Halls; 4) Mosque; 5) Back entrance
  • Bu 'Inaniya Madrasa, courtyard
  • Chella, portal
  • Alahambra
  • Alahambra, plan. a) walls, b) Armas gate, c) 'Justice' gate, d) Puerta del Vino, e) Alcazaba, f) Palace of Charles V, g) Generalife, (h-m) Palace of the Myrtles: h) first court, i) Machuca court, j) Mexuar, k) Cuarto Dorado, l) Court of the Myrtles, m) Hall of the Ambassadors, n) Rawda, (o-r) Palace of the Lions: o) Court of the Lions, p) Hall of the Abencerrajes, q) Hall of the Kings, r) Hall of the Two Sisters, s) Portal
  • Alahambra, Cuarto Dorado, south façade
  • Alahambra, Hall of the Ambassadors, interior
  • Alahambra, Court of the Lions
  • Alahambra, Hall of the Two Sisters, muqarnas ceiling
  • Alahambra Vase, Granada
  • Silk curtain from the Alhambra palace
  • Eşrefoğlu Mosque, interior
  • Yaqutiye Madrasa, interior
  • Hudavend Hatun mausoleum
  • Haci Özbek mosque, view from south-west
  • Mosque of Orsan Gazi, plan
  • Isa Bey Mosque, view from north-east
  • Isa Bey Mosque, west façade
  • Congregational Mosque, courtyard
  • Mosque of Murad I, plans of first and second stories
  • Mosque of Murad I
  • Mosque of Firuz Beg, façade
  • Ulu Cami, interior
  • Mosque of Ilyas Beg, façade
  • Aq madrasa, façade
  • Yeşil Mosque, plan
  • Yeşil Mosque, interior looking toward mihrab
  • Üç Şerefeli Mosque, plan and section
  • Üç Şerefeli Mosque
  • Üç Şerefeli Mosque, underglaze-painted lunette panel
  • Detail from the minbar in the Arslanhane Mosque
  • Right half to the frontispiece from the 30th section of a manuscript of the Koran, probably Konya
  • Fragment of a carpet from the 'Ala' al-Din Mosque, Konya, Anatolia
  • The "Marby" carpet
  • Arhai-din-ka-jhonpra, plan
  • Arhai-din-ka-jhonpra, courtyard façade
  • Map showing the cities of Delhi
  • Quwwat al-Islam mosque, 'Ala'I Darvaza
  • Tomb of Rukn-i 'Alam
  • Tomb of Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq
  • Hawz Khass
  • Congregational Mosque, plan
  • Congregational Mosque, side aisle
  • Adina Mosque
  • Atala Mosque, central pylon
  • Congregational Mosque, court façade
  • Tin Darvaza
  • Jahaz-mahal
  • Left half of the frontispiece from a manuscript of the Koran, Gwalior
  • Double page from a manuscript of the Koran, Deccan
  • The Drunk Cobbler Riding on one of Bahram Gur's Lions from the Mohl Shāhnāma, India
  • Enthroned Prince from Ni'matnāma, Malwa
  • Rustam Sleeping While Rakhsh Fights the Lion, detached from an unfinished copy of the Shāhnāma
  • The Court of Gayumars,
  • The Nightmare of Zahhak
  • Allegory of Drunkenness, from Hafiz, Dīvān, Tabriz
  • Bahram Gur, the Shepherd, and His Dog (album folio)
  • Nushirwan Listening to Owls in the Ruined Palace from the Khamsa made for Tahmasp, Tabriz
  • The Ardabil Carpet
  • Hunt carpet, Tabriz?
  • Majnun Eavesdrops on Layla's Camp
  • Roundel with hunting scene (possibly decoration for a tent ceiling)
  • Detail of the Doria Polonaise carpet, Iran
  • Fragment of a vase carpet, Kirman
  • Garden carpet, Kirman
  • Engraved Lamp Stand with a Cylindrical Body
  • Young Man in a Blue Coat, Qazvin
  • Nashmi the Archer
  • Tiger Attacking a Youth, Isfahan
  • Portrait of Riza, Isfahan
  • Fitna Astonishing Bahram Gur added to the Khamsa made for Tahmasp, Isfahan, f. 213r
  • Luster-painted spouted jar, Iran
  • Detail of Court of Karim Khan Zand, Shiraz
  • Plan of Isfahan as developed under 'Abbas I. 1) Old Maidan; 2) Friday Mosque; 3) Bazaar; 4) New Maidan; 5) Bazaar portal; 6) Mosque of Shaykh Lutfallah; 7)' Ali Qapu; 8) Shah Mosque; 9) Chahar Bagh avenue; 10) Si-o-se Pul
  • Maydan-i Shah, aerial view from the north-east
  • Allahverdi Khan bridge (Si-o-se Pul)
  • Bazaar portal
  • Mosque of Shaykh Lutfallah, interior
  • Mosque of Shaykh Lutfallah, view from maidan
  • Mosque of Shaykh Lutfallah, plan
  • Shah Mosque
  • Shah Mosque, courtyard and west iwan
  • Shah Mosque, portal
  • Ali Qapu
  • Ali Qapu, section
  • Ali Qapu, 'Music Room'
  • Caravansarai, court
  • Chihil Sutun, view from north-west
  • Chihil Sutun, mural in side room (P4) showing picnickers
  • Chihil Sutun, mural in main hall showing Tahmasp Receiving Humayun
  • Hasht Bihisht, plan
  • Hasht Bihisht, view of interior
  • Garden Gathering
  • Madar-i Shah Madrasa
  • Regent's Mosque, courtyard, detail of tilework
  • Bukhara, plan. a) City walls, b) Citadel, c) Registan, d) Inner city, e) Rud-i Shah (Branch of the Zarafshan), f) Congregational mosque, g) Mir-i 'Arab madrasa, h) Road to Chahr Bakr, i) Goldsmiths' dome, j) Hatsellers' dome, k) Moneychangers' dome, l) Caravanserai, m) Warehouse, n) Qul Baba Kulkaltash madrasa, o) Lab-i Haws complex
  • Kalan Mosque, courtyard
  • Mir-i Arab madrasa, façade
  • Shrine of Char Bakr, plan. 1) Mosque; 2) Madrasa; 3) Khanaqah; 4) Gateway; 5) Park
  • Shrine of Char Bakr, view from south-east
  • Bukhara, map showing the development of the central commercial district. A) Goldsmiths' Dome; B) Hatsellers' Dome; C) Moneychangers' Dome; D) Caravanserai; E) Warehouse; F) Qul Baba Kukaltash madrasa
  • Hatsellers' Dome
  • Qul Baba Kukaltash madrasa, façade
  • Lab-i Hawz complex, mosque-khanaqah
  • Registan, anxonometric view, surrounding buildings are conjectural
  • Shirdar madrasa, entrance portal
  • Tilakari madrasa, interior of mosque
  • Madrasa of 'Abd al-'Aziz, courtyard
  • Prince Mihr Cutting off a Lion's head at one Blow from Assar, Mihr and Mushtarī, Bukhara
  • Bahram Gur and the Princess in the Black Pavilionv, from Hatifi, Haft Manẓar, Bukhara
  • Court Scene, from Sa'di, Būstān, Bukhara
  • Youth Declaring his Love to a Lady, from Jami, Tuḥfat al-aḥrār, Bukhara
  • View of Istanbul from Matrakçi Nasuh, Bayān-i manāzil, Istanbul
  • Topkapı Palace, plan. 1) Golden Horn; 2) Bosporus; 3) Hagia Sophia; 4) First Gate; 5) Hagia Eirene; 6) Çinili Kiosk; 7) Second Gate; 8) Second Court; 9) Kitchens; 10) Third Gate; 11) Chamber of Petitions; 12) Library of Ahmed III; 13) Mosque; 14) Treasury; 15) Privy Chamber; 16) Sünnet Odası; 17) Revan Kiosk; 18) Baghdad Kiosk; 19) Terraced garden
  • Çinili Kiosk
  • Fatih Complex, conjectural plan. 1) Mosque; 2) Court; 3) Tombs; 4) Primary school; 5) Book storage; 6) 'Mediterranean' madrasas; 7) 'Black Sea' madrasas; 8) Hospital; 9) Hospice; 10) Soup-kitchen; 11) Caravanserai
  • Panoramic View of Istanbul, detail of mosque of Mehmed II
  • Complex of Bayezid II, plan. A) mosque; B) Courtyard; C) Hospital; D) Medical school; E) Kitchen; F) Store; G) Hospice
  • Mosque of Bayezid II
  • Şehzade mosque, plan
  • Şehzade mosque
  • Dome of the Rock, tile revetment
  • Sulaymaniyya Complex, portico
  • Süleymaniye Complex, plan. A) Mosque; B) Mausoleum; C) Madrasa; D) Medical school; E) School for Traditions; F) Koran school; G) Hospital; H) Hostel; I) Kitchen; J) Bath
  • Süleymaniye Mosque
  • Süleymaniye Mosque, interior
  • Mosque of Rüstem Pasha, interior
  • Selimiye Complex, axonometric view
  • Selimiye Complex
  • Selimiye Complex, interior
  • Mosque of Murad III
  • Mosque of Ahmed I, courtyard
  • Topkapı Palace, Baghdad Kiosk, interior
  • Fountain of Ahmet III
  • Nur-u Osmaniye Mosque
  • Mosque of Mehmed Fatıh
  • Portrait medal of Mehmed II, obverse
  • Large-patterned Holbein carpet
  • Ushak medallion carpet
  • Underglaze-painted blue-and-white charger, Iznik
  • Left half of a double frontispiece to a Koran, Istanbul
  • Hexagonal box for a manuscript of the Koran, Istanbul
  • Topkapı Palace, Sünnet Odası, underglaze-painted tile panels
  • Underglaze-painted dish with foliate rim, Istanbul or Iznik
  • Yagatan with gold inlay and jewels, Istanbul
  • Caftan
  • Underglaze-painted dish with slightly foliated rim, Iznik
  • Underglaze-painted mosque lamp from the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, Iznik
  • Lamp
  • The Accession of Süleyman from 'Arifi, Sulaymānnāma, Istanbul
  • The Siege of Belgrade from 'Arifi, Sulaymānnāma, Istanbul
  • The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca from Muhyi Lari, Futūḥ al-ḥaramayn, Istanbul
  • The Presentation of Gifts by the Safavid ambassador Shahquli to Selim II in 1567 from Loqman, Shahnāma-yi Salīm Khān, Istanbul
  • The Birth of the Prophet from the first volume of Mustafa Darir, Kitāb siyar-i Nabī, Istanbul
  • Underglaze-painted dish with sailing ship, Iznik
  • Medici Ottoman carpet, Cairo
  • Leaf from an album of calligraphy, Istanbul
  • Detail of a voided velvet cushion cover, probably Bursa
  • Procession of the Confectioners with Candy-Gardens from Vehbi, Sūrnāma, Istanbul
  • Mosque of Sinan Pasha at Bulaq
  • Fountain of 'Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda
  • Mosque of the Barber, arcaded gallery
  • Mosque of Hammuda Pasha
  • Mosque of the Fishermen
  • Mosque of the Fishermen, interior
  • Ben Yusuf Madrasa, plan
  • Ben Yusuf Madrasa, view of courtyard
  • Zāwiya of Sidi'l-Jazuli, plan. A) Tomb; B) Mosque; C) Cemetery; D) Tomb of the Black Sultan; E) School; F) Fountain; G) Superintendent's residence; H) Hospice; J) Ablution
  • Sa'dian tombs, courtyard
  • Sa'dian tombs, interior of west tomb showing central room with cenotaphs
  • Ruins of the Badi'a palace in the Kasba
  • Qarawiyyin mosque, fountain pavilion in the courtyard
  • Palace complex, plan
  • Palace granaries
  • Bab al-Mansur
  • Pilgrim's Banner
  • The Tomb of the Prophet in Medina, from a Collection of Prayers, Morocco
  • Manuscript of the Koran, Morocco
  • Purana Qal'a, Qal'a-i Kuhna mosque, view from the east
  • Tomb of Shir Shah Sur
  • Tomb of Humayun, view from south
  • Tomb of Humayun, plan
  • Red Fort, Jahangiri Mahal
  • Red Fort, Jahangiri Mahal, corbels in interior court
  • Fatehpur Sikri, plan. A) Hermitage of Salim Chishti; B) Caravanserai; C) Mint or factory; D) Bazaar; E) Congregational Mosque; F) Tomb of Salim Chishti; G) Elephant Gate; H) Divan-i 'Am; I) Divan-i Khass; J) Anup Talau; K) House of the Turkish Sultana; L) Khwabgah; M) Daftarkhana; N) Panj Mahal; O) Jodh Bai's Palace; P) Harem
  • Tomb of Salim Chishti, marble screen
  • Palace, second court
  • Divan-i Khass, central pillar
  • Char Minar
  • Tomb of Akbar
  • Tomb of Akbar, detail of mural in vestibule
  • Tomb of I'timad al-Dawla
  • Tomb of Jahangir
  • Taj Mahal, plan. 1) Tomb; 2) Mosque; 3) Guesthouse; 4) Gatehouse
  • Taj Mahal
  • Taj Mahal, detail of dado
  • Vazir Khan Mosque, plan and section
  • Vazir Khan Mosque
  • Red Fort, Divan-i Khass
  • Shalimar Gardens
  • Tomb of Muhammad 'Adil Shah
  • Moti Mosque, interior
  • Badshahi Mosque
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Tomb of Safdarjang
  • The Youthful Akbar Presenting a Picture to his Father Humayun
  • Amr Disguised as a Doctor Treating Sorcerers in a Courtyard from the Hamzanāma
  • Maymun the Patriotic Monkey Luring the Bears to their Fate from Kashifi, Anvār-i Suhaylī
  • Double page from a manuscript of the Koran, Lahore
  • The Construction of Fathepur Sikri
  • Abu'l-Fazl Presenting the First Book of the Akbarnama to Akbar from the second Akbarnāma
  • A Muslim Pilgrim Learns a Lesson in Piety from a Brahman who is Crawling towards his Icon, detached from Khusraw Dihlavi, Khansa, Lahore
  • Obverse and reverse of three mohurs minted at Fatehpur Sikri
  • Fragment of an animal carpet, Lahore
  • Rama and Lakshman Flight the Demoness Taraka from a Rāmāyana
  • Page for an album made for Jahanghir
  • Jahangir Preferring a Sufi to Kings, from an album made for Jahangir
  • Sultan Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II in a Fantastic Landscape, Bijapur
  • Shahjahan Holding a Jewel, from the Late Shah Jahan Album
  • Jahangir Bids Farewell to Khurram at the Beginning of a Military Campaign from a Pādshānāma
  • Aynard prayer rug, Lahore
  • Wine cup
  • Dagger and scabbard
  • Covered jar
  • Huqqa base, Deccan or north India
  • Wall panel from Tipu Sultan's chintz tent, Burhanpur
  • Storage chest, Gujerat
  • Hafiz and the Beauty from Hafiz, Dīvān, Kashmir, f. 108r
  • Ground plan of the Solimanny, or Moskee built at Constantinople by Sultan Soliman II, from Entwurff einer historischen Architektur (Vienna)
  • Kew Garden, octagonal pavilion in the form of a mosque, from Plan, Elevations, Sections and Perspective Views of the Gardens and Buildings at Kew in Surrey (London)
  • The Taj Mahal, Agra, Taken in the Garden
  • Royal Pavilion
  • Women of Algiers in their Apartment
  • Olana
  • Bullerwood Carpet, Hammersmith, detail
  • Red luster-painted ceramic
  • The Painter's Family
  • Dolmabahçe Palace, view from the sea
  • Mosque of Muhammad 'Ali
  • Tray, Damascus
  • Ziegler carpet, Sultanabad
  • Luster-painted border tile, Tehran
  • Mihrab
  • Sirkeci Railroad Terminal
  • Fourth Vakif Han
Free
Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Contents
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Preface
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Photographic Acknowledgements
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Maps
PublisherYale University Press
Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
This book surveys the art and architecture of the traditional Islamic lands between the Atlantic and Indian oceans and the Eurasian steppe and the Sahara in the period from the Mongol conquests in the early thirteenth century to the European conquests in the early nineteenth. It is conceived as a sequel to The Art and Architecture of Islam: 650–1250,...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages1 - 4

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
In the fall of 1253 the Great Khan Mongke, grandson of Chingiz Khan and supreme ruler of the Mongols in China, dispatched his brother Hulagu at the head of an army against the Isma’ilis in northern Iran and the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad. Hulagu moved speedily across Iran,...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages5 - 19

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The Mongol conquest in the mid-thirteenth century changed the balance of artistic production in Iran. In the preceding century the decorative arts – textiles, pottery, metalwork, jewelry, and manuscript...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages21 - 35

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
By the 1370s the last remnants of the Ilkhanid empire in Iran had disappeared, but a new power emerged in Central Asia which revitalized the power of the descendants of Chingiz Khan over much of Eurasia. Timur,...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages37 - 54

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
As with architecture, the decorative arts created under the Timurids and their contemporaries set the standards of excellence for generations in Iran, as well as India and Turkey. Not only were Timurid models emulated, compositions repeated, and techniques followed, but...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages55 - 69

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
After the death of the last effective Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub (r. 1240–49), his former concubine, Shajarat al-Durr, led a junta of his trusted advisers and generals until his son Turanshah could be brought back from...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages70 - 84

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
After the death of Sultan Hasan in 1361, the supply of al-Nasir Muhammad’s sons was exhausted, so one of his grandsons, al-Mansur Muhammad, was enthroned, continuing the old pattern of a series of brief reigns by epigons of Qala’un manipulated by strong Mamluk amirs. Even this system collapsed by the 1380s when intense strife within the Mamluk corps...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages85 - 96

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Architecture was the preeminent art of the Mamluk period and the Mamluks’ patronage of architecture defined many of the other arts, which produced fittings and furnishings for their charitable foundations. Such diverse objects as glass lamps, brass candlesticks, paper Koran manuscripts, and wooden minbars can all be understood within the continuous...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages97 - 113

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The collapse of the Almohad empire following its catastrophic defeat in 1212 at Las Navas de Tolosa led to the emergence of four regional powers in the Maghrib: three rival Berber dynasties in North Africa – the Hafsids of Tunis (1235–1554), the ʽAbd al-Wadids or Zayyanids of Tlemcen (1236–1554), and the Marinids and Wattasids of Fez...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages114 - 131

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
In 1243 the Saljuqs of Rum were defeated by the Ilkhanids at the battle of Kösedaǧ and forced to pay a huge tribute. During the next decades the Saljuqs were weakened by internal squabbling, and after an abortive attempt to overthrow the Mongol protectorate in 1277, eastern Anatolia came under...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages132 - 148

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Muslims had founded trading settlements in Sind at the mouth of the Indus river The term India is used here to designate the geographical land mass of...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages149 - 162

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The Safavids claimed descent from Shaykh Safi al-Din (1252–1334), who established a dervish order at Ardabil in north-west Iran. For the Safavids, see Roger Savory, Iran under the Safavids (Cambridge, 1980), and The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 6: The Timurid and...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages165 - 182

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The buildings erected under the rule of the Safavid dynasty are perhaps the most alluring and attractive in all Iranian architecture. Their enveloping glittering web of glazed tile, soaring portals, bulbous domes, and slender minarets epitomize for many the essential qualities of Persian architecture. In part this is a matter of survival, for a large and...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages183 - 198

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Between the fall of the Timurid dynasty at Herat in the early sixteenth century...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages199 - 212

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Ottoman troops entered the Byzantine capital of Constantinople at dawn on 29 May 1453; fighting ended by mid-afternoon. The following day Mehmed II, the twenty-one-year-old sultan, made a ceremonial tour of the...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages213 - 230

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Evidence for the patronage of the portable arts by members of the Ottoman dynasty before the conquest of Constantinople (see Chapter 10) is limited, but with the establishment of court ateliers there by Mehmed II (r. 1444–81, with interruption), a burst of activity ensued in a variety of media. Artists sought inspiration from a...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages231 - 250

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The expulsion of the Moors from the Iberian peninsula in 1492 by the Christian rulers of Aragon and Castile ended nearly eight centuries of Muslim presence there. The simultaneous discovery of the New World encouraged a reorientation of trade...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages251 - 265

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The Mughals (r. 1526–1858) were the greatest, richest, and longest-lasting Muslim dynasty to rule India. Their enormous wealth, which dwarfed that of their contemporaries in Iran and Turkey, derived ultimately from agriculture, for in this well-watered subtropical land a very large number of crops could profitably be raised, ranging from foodstuffs to...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages267 - 286

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The luxury arts produced in Muslim India from the sixteenth century through the eighteenth were largely for secular use, and most of the finest pieces were...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages287 - 302

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
The European conquests that end the period this volume covers are sometimes marked by precise events, such as Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt in 1798 or the French seizure of Algeria in 1832. In other...
PublisherYale University Press
Pages303 - 314

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Bibliography
PublisherYale University Press

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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Glossary
PublisherYale University Press
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Description: The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
Index
PublisherYale University Press
The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250–1800
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