Index of people and places
Abraham, Robert 369
Ackermann, J. 44 n. 3, 53
Acquaviva, Ottavio 92
Adams, William Howard 472, 474
Addison, Joseph 231, 234, 323, 348
Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund 259 n. 1, n. 2, n. 3
Adveno Brooke, E. 372
Agostino del Riccio 59, 86
Aiguillon, Marie Madeleine de Vignerot, Duchesse d’ 171 n. 6
Aislabie, family 503
Aix-en-Provence, Cours Mirabeau 309
Alari Visconti, Villa 152 n. 13
Alba, Duke of 288
Alberti, Leon Battista 47, 49, 88, 90, 105 n. 28
Albissola (Savona), Villa della Rovere, then Gavotti 147
Albrecht von Habsburg, archduke 157
Aldobrandini Borghese, prince 367
Aldrovandi, Ulisse 64
Alembert, Jean Baptiste d’ 287
Aleotti, G.B. 61
Alessi, Galeazzo 53
Alexander I, Emperor of Russia 333
Alfonso V of Aragon 50
Algieri, Pietro 249
Alison, Archibald 359, 433 n. 15
Allard, C. 165 n.3
Allingham, Helen 425
Alphand, Jean-Charles-Adolphe 18, 390, 392, 397, 401, 402; 390, 395, 396, 397, 398
Altivole 50
Alton Towers (Staffordshire), garden of the Earl of Shrewsbury 369, 427; 371
Altrincham (Chester), Stamford Park 377; 381
Amboise (Indre-et-Loire) 69, 100, 172
Chanteloup 276
Amboise, Charles d’ 50
Ambras, Schloss 59
Amico, L.N. 79 n. 13
Ammannati, Bartolomeo 54, 96; 50
Amsterdam 509
Bos Park 507, 508, 509; 507, 508, 509
André, Edouard 18, 381, 399, 408, 457, 458; 378, 457
Anet (Eure-et-Loir), garden 100
Angiviller, Comte d’ 340
Anguillara, Luigi 96
Anhalt-Dessau, Leopold Friedrich Franz von 274
Anonymous Mantovano A. 84
Antunes, João 331
Antwerp 103, 104
Apeldoorn (Gelderland), garden of royal palace of Het Loo 164, 178, 297; 119, 178, 179, 180
Aquino, Francesco d’ 348
Aragon, Louis 11, 18, 21
Aranjuez, Island garden 111, 284
Palace 198, 288; 287, 288
The Prince’s Garden 228
Araxá (Brazil), park 520
Arc-et-Senans (Jura), La Saline 276
Archinto, villa 152 n. 13
Arcimboldo, Giuseppe 59
Arcueil (Paris), gardens 244; 247
Ardemans, Teodoro 198, 288
Ardizio, Curzio 92, 93
Arenberg, Dukes of 177, 277; 446
Aretino, Pietro 106, 107
Arezzo de Spuches, C, Baron 350
Argan, Guilio Carlo 11
Aristotle 430
Arkadia (Nieberów), garden 269, 277
Arndt, Ernst Moritz 436
Arnim, Ferdinand von 421, 422
Arp, Jean 519
Arrighi de Casanova, Duke of Padua 366
Artimino (Florence), Villa Medici 12, 96
Artois, Comte d’ 132
Asolo (Treviso), gardens of the queen 38
Assunto, Rosario 168
Atget, Eugène 11, 472, 474; 477
Atholl, Dukes of 346
Attre (Belgium), ‘Rocher’ 278
Aulnoy, Marie-Catherine Jumel de Barneville, Comtesse d’ 266
Auvera, Johann Wolfgang von 188, 189
Aveline, Antoine 137, 173
Avenarius, Ferdinand 409, 463, 464
Aviler, Charles Augustin d’ 139, 140, 243, 250 n. 3
Babelsberg (near Potsdam) 422
Babylon, hanging gardens 12
Bac, Ferdinand 458; 458, 459
Bacci, Andrea 166
Baccini, G. 67 n. 7
Baccio del Bianco 62
Bagheria (Palermo) 147
Villa Valguarnera 152 n. 5; 156
Bagnaia (Viterbo) 91
Bishop’s Palace 91
Palazzina Montalto 92
Villa Lante 42, 84, 92; 26, 28, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95
Baillieul, Jean 147
Baillon (Val d’Oise), garden 447
Baldinelli (16th-century sculptor) 99
Balduino del Monte 91
Balleroy (Calvados), garden 447
Balsamo, P. 349
Baltimore, campus of Johns Hopkins University 403
Baltrušaitis, Jurgis 15, 17, 244
Bamberg (Bavaria) 293
Bandinelli, Baccio 96, 99
Baour, F. 306
Barbarigo, Antonio 185, 187
Barbarigo, Gianfrancesco 185, 187
Barbarigo, Gregorio 185, 187
Barbaro, Daniele 107
Barbaro, Nicolò 106
Barberini, Francesco, cardinal 102 n. 5
Barcelona
La Floresta 439
La Florida 439
Montjuich Park 408
Park Güell 438, 439, 440; 355, 438, 439, 440, 441
San Pedro Martir 439
Tibidabo 439
Torre Baró 439
Barnades, Miguel 287
Barns, Denis 523
Barocchi, P. 58 n. 5
Baron, William 369
Barozzi, Giacomo Barozio da 91
Barratt, William 381
Barré, Nicolas 447
Barrillet-Deschamps, Jean-Pierre 392
Barron, William & Sons 381
Barry, Sir Charles 369, 446
Barrytown, Blithewood residence 433
Barth, Edwin 415; 413, 414, 451
Bartolozzi, Francesco 347
Basalisa (painter) 332
Basani (gardener) 198
Basel 276
Basoli, Antonio 364; 361
Bath (Somerset) 346 n. 4
Prior Park 204, 214, 260
Batteux, Charles, Abbé 281, 362
Battisti, Eugenio 95 n. 11
Battisti, Leon 84
Baudelaire, Charles 18
Baudour (Hainaut) 266
Baudrillard, Jean 21
Bauer, Friedrich 409
Bauhin, G. 175
Bayer (gardener) 197
Bayle, Pierre 143
Bayonne (Basses-Pyrénées) 309, 314
Bayreuth 297, 301
Eremitage 298; 217, 299
Sanspareil 298, 300; 218, 297, 301
Bazhenov, Vasily Ivanovitch 277, 333; 273
Beauharnais, Hortense de 367
Beaumont, Elie de 274
Beaumont, Sir George 346
Beauregard, Villeneuve-Saint-Georges (Seine-et-Oise), park 367, 368
Becker, Léon 444
Beckford, William 274, 276, 280 n. 29
Beeckesteijn (Netherlands) 165 n. 2, n. 4
Bégon, Michel 505
Behne, Adolf 415
Behrens, Peter 409; 464
Bélanger, François-Joseph 12, 274, 288, 341; 256
Belas (Portugal), estate of the Assunção 332
Belem (Lisbon), National Palace 330
Belgentier (Var), gardens 177
Belgioioso (Pavia), Villa Belgioioso 151; 152
Bellagio (Como), Villa Melzi d’Eril 364
Bella Vista (Côte d’Azur), villa 458
Bellêtre (Normandy), château 16
Bellewaerde (Belgium), recreation park 483
Belli Barsali, Isa 528; 32
Bellotto, Bernardo 195
Belmonte, Prince of 348
Beloeil (Hainaut), gardens 265
Bembo, Pietro, Cardinal 38, 47, 106
Benfica (Lisbon), Fronteira Palace 330, 331, 332; 331, 332
Benincasa, Giuseppe 64
Benjamin, Walter 18, 428
Bennett, Edward H. 403; 402
Bentham, Jeremy 17, 368
Bentinck, Hans W. 163
Bérain, Jean 248
Berchem, Nicolaes Pietersz 342
Bères, Emile 387
Bergeret, Pierre-Jacques de Grandcourt 12
Berkeley (California), campus of the university 403
Berlage, Hendrik Petrus 507
Berlin 18, 293, 333, 449, 452; 436
Altes Museum 401
Botanic gardens (Berlin-Dahlem) 519; 427
Britz Siedlung 416
Charlottenburg 230, 294; 294
Frohnau, park 409
Grossbeerenstrasse 435, 437
Hallesches Tor 435
Klein-Glienicke park 421, 422; 421, 422
Königsheide allotments 451
Kreuzbergdenkmal 435, 436, 437; 436, 437
Lindenhof Siedlung 416
Royal Palace 401
Schillerpark 409
Schöneberg 416; 410, 415
Tempelhof airport 437
Tiergarten 368; 401
Unter den Linden 401
Viktoria-Luise-Platz (Berlin-Schöneberg) 455; 446
Viktoriapark 435, 436, 437; 435
Volkspark Rehberge 415; 413, 414
Youth park 412
Bernard, Emile 402; 315
Bernini, Gianlorenzo 274, 318, 327, 328
Bernissart (Belgium) 442, 444 n. 3
Berny (Hauts-de-Seine), garden 128, 130
Bertazzolo, Gabriele 84
Berthault, Louis-Martin 366, 367, 362, 363
Berthault, Pierre-Gabriel 366; 362
Berti, L. 67 n. 16
Bertrand, C.J.A. 314
Berwyn (Maryland) 513
Besançon (Doubs), Greek promenade 314; 314
Béziers (Languedoc), garden 458
Bibiena, family 147, 148
Bibiena, Ferdinando Galli 320, 321
Bickham, George 208
Bigot, Paul 402; 400
Binet, R.P. Etienne 140, 143 n. 29
Bion, Nicolas 143 n. 40; 145
Biot, garden of Bastide du Roy 458
Birkenhead (Cheshire), Birkenhead Park 383, 384; 384
Bismarck, Otto von 436
Bizy (Eure), garden 447
Blaikie, Thomas 222
Blaise Hamlet (Gloucestershire) 424; 260, 424
Blake, W. 323
Blanc, Charles 399
Blécon, J. 131
Blenheim (Oxfordshire), park 447, 216, 449
Blois (Loir-et-Cher), botanical gardens 175
Blondel, Jacques-François 243, 244, 318
Blue Ridge Parkway 510; 511
Boccaccio 88
Bocchi, Zanobi 81
Bock, H. 64
Boede (Netherlands), gardens 164
Boel (engraver) 174
Boffrand, Gabriel-Germain 311
Bois-Baudran (Seine-et-Marne), gardens 449
Boissard, J.J. 41, 43
Boitard, Pierre 369; 370
Bologna 366
botanical gardens 81, 321 n. 2
Villa Albergad di Zola Predosa 364, 361
Bomarzo (Viterbo), Villa Orsini 56, 171; 26, 52
Bonaparte, Joseph 367
Bonaparte, Louis 367
Bonaventura da Orvieto 59
Bonazza, G. 333
Bonfadio, Jacopo 53, 56
Bonn 293
Bonnelles (Yvelines), gardens 128; 127
Bonnier de la Mosson 249
Bonpland, Aimé-Jacques-Alexandre 367, 427
Borchard, R.R.M. 225
Borcht, Peter van der 104
Bordeaux 308, 309, 313; 309
Château-Trompette 309; 309
Ormée 309
Bordighera (Imperia), villa of Charles Garnier 457; 457
Borg Welgelegen (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Borghese, family 317
Borromeo, Carlo 147
Borromini, Francesco 328
Bos, A.W. 507, 508
Boschetti, Isabella 84
Bossi, Materno 188
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne 446
Boston (Massachusetts) 408
Botzheim, Johannes von 37
Boucher, François 244, 247, 248, 249, 306, 411; 249
Bougainville, Louis-Antoine 427
Boulenger (geometrician) 136, 140
Boullée, Etienne-Louis 277, 402
Boulogne-Billancourt (Hauts-de-Seine), garden of Albert Khahn 458
Bourbon, Cardinal de 72
Bourbon, family 281, 312, 282
Bourdin, Pierre 135
Bourgault (surveyor) 131
Bourgeois, Charles 366
Bourgeois, Victor 440
Bousseau, Jacques 200
Boutelou, D. Esteban 198, 288; 284
Bouteux, S. 147
Bowood (Wiltshire), park 262
Boyceau, Jacques de la Baraudière 82, 135, 137, 140, 142, 164
Boyer, F. 316 n. 32
Brackenhoffer, Elie 169
Bradford (Yorkshire), Peel Park 381; 380
Bramante, Donato 40, 42, 53, 93, 195
Brasilia, Zoobotanical Park 520
Braunstein, J.F. 333
Bredekamp, H. 26
Brenna, Vincenzo 335
Brenner and Partner (architects) 523
Brentano, Villa 152 n. 13
Brenzone, Agostino 106, 107, 108
Brenzone, Laura 106
Brest (Finistère) 309
Breteuil (Seine-et-Oise), garden 447
Breuil, Abbé du, 140, 142
Bridgeman, Charles 14; 210
Bridgeman, Sarah 208
Brignano d’Adda (Bergamo) (now Castello Visconti) 151; 154
Brinkmann, J. 463
Briolle, C. 459
Brodersen, Albert 437
Bromme, Max 415; 411
Brongniart, A.T. 8; 427, 485
Brosse, Guy de la 82
Brosse, Président de 311
Broughton, Lady 369
Brown, Lancelot ‘Capability’ 15, 235, 238, 318, 364, 365, 376; 216, 262, 360
Brühl (North-Rhine-Westphalia) 293
Augustusburg 298, 300; 296
Brunehaut (Essonne), park 368; 369
Brunelli, Angelo 329
Brunet (King’s counsellor) 131, 132
Brunfels, Otto 64, 81
Bruno, Giordano 72
Brunoy (Val-de-Marne), garden of Brunet 131, 132
park of castle 129; 131
Brunswick-Lüneberg, Johann Friedrich, Duke 192
Brusca, Girolamo 147
Brussels 157, 282
Parc Léopold (formerly Dubois de Bianco) 11, 280 n. 23, 442, 443, 444; 442
war cemetery 415
Buffet, H.F. 311
Bühler, Denis and Eugène 366
Bullant, Jean 79 n. 19
Buonarroti, Leonardo 96
Buontalenti, Bernardo 59, 96, 99
Burke, Edmund 323, 325, 344, 348
Burle Marx, Roberto 519, 520; 519
Burlington, Richard Boyle, third earl of 231, 278; 226
Burnham, Daniel H. 403; 402, 467
Burton, Warren 432
Bury, J.B. 248
Bury (Loire) 100
Busch, Johann 333, 335
Busch, Joseph 335
Cabet, Etienne 387
Cacault, François and Pierre 368
Caccini, Matteo 175, 177
Caen (Calvados), Cours-la-Reine 309
Caetani, Francesco, Duke of Sermoneta 176
Cagliostro 276
Caillois, Roger 494
Camargo, Marie-Anne de 247
Cambray Digny, Luigi de 367
Cameron, Charles 331
Campagna, Gerolamo 107
Campana, Giacinto 185
Campra, André 243
Canberra 408
Canelle, A. 444
Canevari, Antonio 147
Cannes (Alpes Maritimes) 457
Canon (Eure), park 274
Canonica, Luigi 364
Canterbury (Kent), University of Kent 522
Cap Ferrat (Alpes-Maritimes), Villa Fiorentina 458; 458
Caprarola (Viterbo) 56, 92, 525
Villa Farnese 44, 318, 340; 30, 45, 474
Caracas, Parque del Este 470, 519, 520, 521
Carafa, cardinal 49
Caraman, Victor-Maurice de Riquet, Comte de 366
Carcavelos (Portugal), Barão Estate 330
Carcopino, A. 67 n. 21
Cardano, Girolamo 482 n. 3
Careggi, Accademia 37
Ficino’s garden 44 n. 4
Carême, M.A. 278; 279
Carl of Prussia, Prince 421, 422
Carl Theodor of Neuburg-Sulzbach, Elector Palatine 300
Carlier, René 198, 200, 288
Carlo Alberto, King of Savoy 368; 366
Carlo Borromeo, Saint 94
Carmontelle (Louis Carrogis) 15, 244, 363; 222, 264
Carnide, Military College 332
Caro, Anthony 496
Carolus-Pulmann, Mrs 449
Carracci, family 231
Carrère, J.M. 402
Cartaro, M. 50; 53
Carvalho, Flávio de 519
Carvallo, Joachim 528
Carvillon de Tillière 366
Caserta, kingdom, Palazzo Reale 184, 327, 328, 329; 327, 328, 329
River Road 42
Casimiro, Gomez Ortega 287
Castellazzo di Bollate (Milan) 152 n. 13
Villa Arconati-Visconti, today
Crivelli Sormani Verri 151; 155
Castelli, Pietro 81, 82
Castello (Tuscany), villa 96
Castelnuovo, Prince of 348
Castiglione, Baldesar 54
Castille, Baron of 274
Castille (Gard), Bois des Tombeaux 280 n. 45
park 274
Castle Goring (West Sussex) 277
Castle Howard (North Yorkshire) 239
Catania (Sicily), park 349
Catherine II of Russia, ‘the Great’ 277, 333
Catherine de Médicis 75, 77, 101
Cats, Jacob 163
Cattaneo, Carlo 463
Cattaneo, Danese 107
Catullus, Gaius Valerius 107
Caus (or Caux), Salomon de 44 n. 4, 59, 62, 84, 140, 142, 157; 61, 68, 87, 159
Cavalier d’Arpino 92
Cavanilles, Antonio José 286
Cecchini, Giovanni Battista 364
Ceineray, J.B. 309
Cerati, A. 184
Cerchi, F.A. 184
Ceremetiov, Prince 335
Cerreto Guidi, villa 96
Cesalpino, Andrea 64, 175
Cesariano, Cesare 76
Cesarotti, Melchiore 363
Cevese, R. 152 n. 8
Cézanne, Paul 499
Chadwick, Edwin 17
Chadwick, G.F. 386 n. 1, n. 2, n. 5, n. 12, n. 24, n. 26
Chaeffer, C.C. 226
Chambers, William 244, 318
Chambly (Oise), garden 449
Chambord (Loir-et-Cher), château 98 n. 8, 254
Chambourcy (Yvelines), Désert de Retz 278, 525; 224, 275, 528
Champfleuri, Villa Ile de France 458
Champs-sur-Marne (Seine-et-Marne), château 447
Chanteloup (Indre-et-Loire), château 276
Chantemerle (Essonne) 130; 130
Chantilly (Oise), gardens 145 n. 56; 526
Les Fontaines (Berthault gardens) 362; 362
menagerie 174
Chantonay 102 n. 7
Charageat, M. 145 n. 56
Charbonnier, Martin 192, 189; 120, 192
Charles VI, Emperor 196
Charles V, King of France 107, 172
Charles IX, King of France 80
Charles VII, King of Naples 180
Charles I, King of Spain 282
Charles III, King of Spain 198
Charles V, King of Spain 80
Charleval (Eure), château 80, 101, 104
Charlottesville, University of Virginia 403
Chartres, Duc de (later Duc d’Orléans, known as Philippe-Egalité) 15, 274, 280 n. 21, 363, 392; 264
Chastillon, Claude 128, 129, 130, 131; 126
Châtelain, J.B. 208
Chatsworth (Derbyshire) 229; 235
Chaulnes (Picardy), castle 79 n. 20
Chenonceaux (Indre-et-Loire), garden 77, 100; 100, 101
Chevalier, C. 79 n. 18, 20
Chevreul, Henry 460
Chicago 403, 466, 467; 403, 404
Mark White Square 467
Sherman recreation park 467
Stanford Park 466
Chigi, Agostino 56
Chilly (Essonne), château 131
Choiseul, Etienne François, Duc de (formerly Comte de Stainville) 340; 276
Choppin de Janvry, Olivier 224
Christo (Christo Javacheff) 495
Cicero, Marcus Tullius 37, 38
Cicognara, Leopoldo 369
Cinisello Balsamo (Milan) (now Villa Silva-Ghirlanda) 364
Cioli, Valerio 99
Cittadella Vigodarzere, Andrea 367
Clairvaux, Bernard de 58 n. 8
Clare, John 346
Claremont (Surrey) 238; 212, 527
Clark, Kenneth 495
Clemens, August, archbishop of Cologne 298
Clemental, E. 478
Clérisseau, Charles-Louis 277
Cleve, H. van 41
Cleveland (Ohio) 403
Clingendaal (Netherlands) 164
Clisson (Nantes), park of Garenne Lemot 368
Clusius, Carolus (Charles de L’Ecluse) 64, 81, 175, 176
Cock, Hieronymus 86
Coecke van Aelst, Pieter 103
Coffin, D.R. 50, 53, 54, 56, 92, 95 n. 3
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste 135, 308
Colette, Sidonie-Gabrielle 525
Collins, Marjory 514
Collodi (Pistoia), Villa Garzoni (today Gardi) 181, 182; 113, 154, 181, 182, 184
Colocci, Angelo 38, 40, 92
Cologne, Vorgebirgs-Park 409
Colombes (Val d’Oise), garden of Moulin-Joli 341
Colonna, Francesco 58 n. 20, 88, 107; 49, 88
Colorno (Parma), palace and garden 147; 148
Columella, Lucio G. Moderato 47, 54, 256
Comazzo (Milan), Villa Pertusati 151; 154
Compiègne (Oise), palace 367
Condé, Louis II, Prince de 174
Conflans (Val-de-Marne), garden of Gaillard Spifame 102 n. 3, 127
Considérant, Victor 387
Constable, John 374
Contarini, family 185
Conti, Prince de 363; 485
Conway, Hazel 381, 386 n. 3
Conwentz, Hugo 463
Cook, James 427
Copenhagen, Tivoli amusement park 489
Corbeil (Essonne), garden of Chantemerle 130; 130
Corbetta (Milan), Villa Brentano 148
Cordellina, villa 148
Cornaro, Caterina 50
Corneille, Pierre 446
Corniolo della Corno 47
Corot, Jean Baptiste Camille 472, 523
Corpechot, Lucien 446, 449
Cortona, Pietro da 328
Corvinus, Johann August 294
Cosimo I de’ Medici 40, 96
Costa, Lúcio 519
Costantino de’ Servi 59, 62
Costley, Ron 523
Cotelle, Jean 244; 138
Cotte, Robert de 198, 281, 288
Coucy (Aisne) 100
Courances (Essonne), garden of 447
Courson (Essonne), park 366; 363
Coustou Nicolas and Guillaume 200
Covens, J. 165 n. 3
Cowper, William 346
Coysevox, Antoine 200
Cozens, Alexander 344, 345, 346; 347
Cramail, A. 169
Cranz, Galen 21
Cratylus 359
Crescenzi, Piero de’ (Petrus Crescentius) 47, 49, 160
Crespin, Adolphe-Louis-Charles 443
Croce, Francesco 148
Crucy, Mathurin 309, 368; 309
Cuéllar (draughtsman) 284
Culzean Castle (Ayrshire) 500
Cuman, Jacopo 187
Cumberland, George 325; 321
Curten the Elder 368; 369
Curtis, George William 433 n. 2
Cuvilliés, Jean-François de 204
Cypris, Villa 459 n. 5
Dafundo (Portugal), estate of São Mateus 332
Dahavron, René M. 147
Dal Re, Marc’Antonio 148; 116, 151, 154, 155, 156
Dalrymple, John 344
Daly, César 397
Damaia (Portugal), Quinta Grande 330
Dampierre (Yvelines), château 102
Danckerts, C. 165 n. 3
Dancourt, Florent Carton 243
Dante Alighieri 239 n. 5
Da Persico, G.B. 106
Daret, Jean 244
Darmstadt (Hessen) 454
Olbrich House, Mathildenhöhe 455
Davioud, Gabriel 392, 397
Debucourt, Philibert-Louis 486
Decorges, Louis 449
De Efteling (Netherlands) 483
D’Este, Cardinal 56, 92
De Hartenkamp (Netherlands) 165 n. 2, n. 4
Dehio, G. 464
De la Court van der Voort, P. 165 n.3
De la Gorce 249
Delahaye, Félix 367
Del Duca, Giacomo 56
Delessert, Etienne 368
Delessert, Gabriel 368
Delft (Netherlands) 330
Delille, Jacques, Abbé 263, 366
Della Robbia, family 330
De l’Orme, Philibert 79 n. 19, 100, 158; 70, 74
Delphi 402
Demarteau, Gilles 247; 249
De Nijenburg (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Denver (Colorado) 403
Derby (Derbyshire), Arboretum 378, 380; 375
De Rossi, Giovan Giacomo 167
Derwentwater (Cumbria) 323
Desargues, Girard 136, 137, 140, 143
Descartes, René 135, 338, 378
Desgraves, L. 316 n. 28
Desio (Milan), Villa Traversi 368
De Slangenburg (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Desmond, Ray 11
Desprez, Louis-Jean 269
De Voorst (Netherlands), gardens 164
De Wailly, Charles 277, 318; 273
Dezallier d’Argenville, Antoine-Joseph 12, 135, 139, 140, 142, 143, 201, 243, 281, 294, 297, 298, 449; 144
Dibbets, Jan 495
Dietterlin, Wendel 158
Dimier, L. 79 n. 15, n. 19, n. 21, n. 24
Dinan (Brittany) 311
Diodati, Ottaviano 184
Dioscorides 81, 106
Disney, Walt 489
Disneyland (California) 483, 489, 490
Dixon Hunt, John 446
Dodart, D. 176
Dodsley, R. & J. 255, 258, 259
Dolman, Maria 253
Donaldson, R. 433
Donnafugata, gardens 350
Doom (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Doria, Andrea 53
Dormer, General 320
Dosio, G.A. 45
Downing, Andrew Jackson 384, 430, 431, 432; 430, 431, 433
Downton Castle (Herefordshire) 344; 344, 345
Draveil (Essonne), Les Bergeries 128
Drayton, Michael 233, 234, 239, 346; 235
Dresden 293, 409, 463, 464
Dronsart (city planner) 387
Dru, Jean-Baptiste 176
Druaert, J.G. 442
Dryden, John 231, 239 n. 7
Dubuffet, Jean 505
Du Cerceau, Jacques Androuet 12, 79 n. 18, 84, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 130, 135, 160; 87, 100, 101, 105
Duché de Vancy 313
Duchêne, Achille 446, 447, 449, 528; 446, 447, 449, 450
Duchêne, Henri 446, 447, 449
Duchesne, André 130
Duclos, Collet 224
Dufort de Cheverny 363
Dufour, Alexandre 180
Dufourney, Léon 388
Dufresnoy, Charles Alphonse 239 n. 7
Dugourc, Jean-Démosthène 274, 276; 272, 489
Duivenvoorde (Netherlands) 165 n. 2, n. 4
Dulaure, Jacques-Antoine 363; 132
Dumandré, Antoine and Hubert 200
Dumas, Alexandre 176
Dupérac (or Du Pérac), Etienne 64, 84; 53
Dupont, Edouard 442
Duprat, Ferdinand 449
Dupré, Jules 446
Duquesne, S.E.A. 402
Durand, Jean-Nicolas-Louis 278, 399
Dürer, Albrecht 67
Du Ry, Simon Louis 318
Düsseldorf 409, 455; 454
Duxelles, Maréchal, 309
Eaglestone, Howard 500
Ecouen (Seine-et-Oise), garden 77, 80 n. 21, 101
Eerde (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Effner, Josef 297
Eisenlohr (architect) 463
Elagin Island (Russia) 335
Eleanor of Toledo 96
Eleusis (Attica) 402
Elizabeth Petrovna, Empress of Russia 333
Elliott, Brent 386 n. 15, 446
Elswout (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Elvaston Castle (Derbyshire) 369; 372
Encke, Fritz 409; 456
Engelbrecht, Martin 294
Enghien (Hainaut), park 277; 273, 286
Engler, Adolf 519
Eosander von Göthe, J.F. 294
Eprémesnil, Comte d’ 457
Erasmus of Rotterdam 11, 37, 69
Erdmannsdorff, Friedrich Wilhelm von 302
Ermenonville (Oise), park 263, 274, 341, 363, 503, 523; 220, 337, 338, 339, 473
Ernst August, Elector of Hanover 192
Escorial Palace (near Madrid) 94; 289
Esher Place (Surrey), park 233, 238, 239; 237
Wolsey’s Tower 233
Estienne, Charles 70, 104
Estoile, Pierre de l’ 79 n. 25
Euclid 136
Eugene of Savoy, Prince 174
Europa Park (Germany) 483
Eusebius 37, 40, 41
Evelyn, John 168 n. 6, 169
Eyres, Patrick 500, 503; 501
Eyserbeck, Johann Friedrich 302
Eze-sur-Mer (Alpes-Maritimes), garden of Lou Sueil 449
Fabre (engineer) 135
Fagiolo, M. 92
Falda, Giovanni Battista 166, 167, 168; 32, 35, 46, 57, 166, 167, 168
Fariello, F. 28, 120
Farnese, Alessandro, Cardinal (later Pope Paul III) 56, 91, 92, 95
Farnese, Ottavio, Duke 91, 92
Federico II Gonzaga 84
Félibien, André 143 n. 1, n. 11, 231
Fels, Comte de 447, 450 n. 17
Fénelon, François 300
Fenton, Roger 473
Ferdinand of Austria 182
Ferdinand III de Bourbon 348
Ferdinand of Tyrol, archduke 59, 67 n. 4
Ferrara, Belfiore garden 49
Belriguardo gardens 49
Ducal Palace 54
Palazzo Schifanoia 38, 89, 90; 90
Villa Belvedere 38, 89
Ferrari, Giovanni Battista 177; 176
Feray, Jean 528
Ferreira, Luis 332
Fesel, Christoph 188
Ficino, Marsilio 37, 40, 44 n. 4
Fiesole, Villa Medici 458
Filarete (Antonio Averlino) 49, 84
Filene, Edward 510
Fischer, Leopold 419
Fischer von Erlach, J.B. 195, 196, 197
Fisher, T. 463
Flamand, Claude 145 n. 45
Flaubert, Gustave 446
Fleurance-Rivault 143 n. 30
Flevohof (Netherlands), park 483
Florence 177, 182, 308, 369
Boboli Gardens 67 n. 4, 96, 184; 43, 48
botanical garden 64, 81, 82
garden of the marchese Pietro Torrigiani 368
Loggia dei Lanzi 67
Oricellari Gardens 367
Pitti Palace 96
Villa La Petraia 96
Villa Medici di Careggi 40, 49
Villa Medici di Castello 41, 50, 56, 89, 96; 39, 42, 46, 50, 66
Villa Poggio Imperiale 364; 360
Foeth, H. 409
Fondu, B. 280 n. 44
Fontaine, Pierre-François 366, 402, 472; 34, 35
Fontainebleau (Seine-et-Marne) 64, 80, 100, 366, 525; 65, 482
Fontana, Giovanni 84
Fonthill Abbey (Wiltshire) 274
Forbes, Archibald 369
Forestier, J.C.N. 458, 459; 406, 408, 460
Forsyth, Alistair 479
Fortuyn, G. 348
Fossolo, Palazzo Doria 53
Foucault, Michel 77
Fougères (Britanny) 311
Fouquet, Nicolas 143 n. 18
Fouquier, M. 449
Fouquières, Jacques 84; 86, 158
Fourier, Charles 387
Fournel, V. 316 n. 39
Fox Talbot, William Henry 471; 472
Foxley (Herefordshire), park 344; 346
Fracastoro, Girolamo 38, 106
Fragonard, Jean-Honoré 247, 340, 474; 246
Franceschi, F. 184
Francesco I de’ Medici 59, 64, 67, 96
Francini, Alessandro 62, 66, 171; 63, 64, 65
Francini, Tommaso 59, 62, 64, 171
François I, King of France 128, 172, 174
Franeau (plantsman) 176
Frank, Christian 463
Frankendael (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Frankfurt, Festival Square 411
Ostpark 409
Siedlung Römerstadt 418, 419
Stadtwald 411
Franz, Lothar 297
Frascati 50, 169, 239, 250 n. 6, 316, 340, 489; 50
Conti Gardens 340
Pamphili Gardens 340
Villa Aldobrandini 233, 317, 340; 34, 57
Fraylemaborg (Netherlands) 164
Frederick, Margrave of Bayreuth 298
Frederick II, Landgrave 318
Frederick V, Elector Palatine 157, 158, 159, 192
Frederick V, King of Bohemia 80
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange-Nassau 163
Frémin, René 198, 200
Frézier, Amédée-François 248
Fricks, Joseph 364
Friedrich I, King of Prussia 294
Friedrich II, King of Prussia 298
Friedrich Wilhelm III, King of Prussia 421, 435
Fries, H. de 464
Frigimelica, Girolamo 152 n. 8
Frittelli, V. 95 n. 2
Fuchs (gardener) 317
Fuchs, Carl Johannes 463
Fuchs, Leonhart 64, 81
Fulton, Hamish 495, 496, 499; 497, 498
Furness, Sir Robert 278
Furttenbach, Abraham 161
Furttenbach, Joseph 160, 161, 162; 160, 161, 162
Gabriel, Jacques-Anges 281, 309, 367, 447
Gaetani, Princess M. Cristina 349
Gaibach (Würzburg) 297
Gaignières, Roger de 128
Gaillon (Eure), gardens 72, 100; 105
Gainsborough, Thomas 231, 344; 346
Gallet, Michel 274
Galli, N. Andreini 181
Galliari, Fabrizio 148
Gallo, Egidio 54
Gambara, Giovan Francesco, cardinal 91, 92, 93, 94
Gambara, Lorenzo 92
Ganay, Ernest de 11, 447, 449, 525, 528
Gardi, family 181
Gardner, Ian 500, 503; 501
Garneray, Auguste 428
Gamier, Charles 457; 457
Gamier d’Isle, Jean-Charles 288
Garzoni, family 181
Garzoni, Paolo Lodovico 184
Garzoni, Romano (fl. 1652) 181
Garzoni, Romano (1721-1786) 184
Gasparini, Ercole 364; 361
Gassel, Lucas van 86
Gaston d’Orléans 175, 177
Gatchina (Leningrad), park 335
Gauchet, Claude 70
Gaudí, Antoni 438, 439, 440; 438, 439, 440, 441
Gaya, R. 90 n. 13
Geddes, Sir Patrick 439
Geerestein (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Geigel, Johann Philipp 188
Genoa, gardens of Prince Doria 160
Geri, Francesco 147; 15
Germer, R. 409
Gernsheim, Helmut 482, n. 2
Gersaint Edme-François 250 n. 26
Getty, Paul 516
Gherardesca, Alessandro 367
Gherardi, Giovanni da Prato 54 n. 13
Gherardo, Silvani 96
Gheyn II, Jacques de 105
Ghini, Giorgio 64, 175
Ghinucci, Tommaso 91, 92
Giambologna (Giovanni da Bologna) 59, 99; 66, 96
Gibbs, J. 254
Gilbert, Cass 408
Gilpin, William 234, 259 n. 6, 344, 346, 471
Gioeni d’Angio, Giuseppe 348
Giovanni de’ Vecchi 92
Girard, Dominique 297, 298; 204, 205
Girardin, René-Louis, Marquis de 263, 274, 337, 338, 341; 337, 338
Girardin, Stanislas de 340 n. 7
Girardon, François 200
Gisors, Alexandre de 367
Giustinias, Bernardo 47
Giustinias, Leonardo 47, 50
Giverny (Eure), Monet’s garden 495
Gizerame, Robert 482 n. 11
Goceramo da Parma 59
Godard, Octave 458
Godeau, Simon 294
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 47, 302, 304, 348; 301
Golfe Juan, Villa Les Cocotiers 457
Gomegnies, François-Ferdinand, Comte de 278
Gomes, Olivo 519
Goncourt, Huot de, Edmond and Jules 428
Gonzaga, Francesco 50
Gonzaga, Pietro 335
Goodchild, Peter 529 n. 4
Gori, Giuliano 505
Gornizai, A. 187 n. 11; 185
Gothein, Marie Luise 11
Gottlieb Becker, W. 302
Gottlieb Riedel, Johann 217
Götz, E. 205
Gougenot, Abbé 248, 250 n. 21
Gracia (Barcelona) 439
Granada, Alhambra 285, 525
Grandval, François-Charles Racot de 247
Grasse (Alpes Maritimes), Villa Croiset 458
Graves, Richard 259 n. 7; 255, 258
Gray, Thomas 325
Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Tennessee) 506
Greber, Jacques 449, 459
Greenbelt (Maryland) 513, 514, 515; 513, 514, 515
Greendale (Wisconsin) 513
Green Hills (Ohio) 513
Gregory XIII, Pope 92
Gregory, Gregory 369
Greiffenclau, Johann Philipp von, Prince-Bishop 188
Greuter, Mathaus 50
Griffith, David Wark 449
Griffiths, Andrew 500
Grignion, Charles 258
Grimaldi, Giambattista 53
Grimm, Melchior von 248
Grizedale Forest (Lancashire) 500; 500
Groen, Jan van der 104, 163; 164
Grohmann, Johann Christian 263
Gromort, Georges 399
Guarini, Guarino 147; 148
Güell y Bacigalupi, Eusebio 438, 439, 440
Guérande (Britanny) 311
Mail de Guérande 311
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) 143
Guerniero, Giovanni Francesco 295, 317, 318; 318
Guerra, Giovanni 92; 99
Guévrékian, Gabriel 459, 460; 459, 460
Guillain, Simon 176
Gulbenkian, Calouste 449
Gunterstein (Utrecht) 164
Günther, H. 421
Gurlitt, Cornelius 463
Gurrieri, F. 181
Guthrim, Frederick 515 n. 10
Gutiérrez de Salamanca, M. 282
Gutta, Martin 195
Habsburg, family 195, 197, 281
Hackfall, garden 503; 503, 504
Hadrian VI, Pope 40
Haesler, Otto 419
Hafod (Dyfed, Wales), gardens 323, 325, 326, 346; 323, 324
Haga (Sweden) 269
Hagley Hall (Worcestershire), gardens 260
Hague, The 163
Beeckesteijn, gardens 161 n. 6, n. 4
Buitenhof, garden of Prince Maurits 105
Huis Ten Bosch 163; 165
Oude Hof (now Palace of Noordeinde) 163
Hall, J. 77
Halle, Park of Wörlitz 225
Hamburg 103
Park of Winterhude 455
Stadtpark 409; 410
Wasserturm 18
Hamilton, Charles 262
Hamilton Finlay, Ian 495, 500, 503, 505, 506, 522, 523; 503, 522, 523, 524
Hanover 192, 293
Harcourt, François-Henri, Duc d’ 362
Harcourt, gardens 525
Hardenberg, Karl August, Fürst von 421
Hardwick, Philip Charles 425
Harewood House (West Yorkshire) 473
Harford (banker) 424
Harlaxton Manor (Lincolnshire) 369
Harrington Hall (Lincolnshire), gardens 480
Harris, John 482 n. 5
Harris, Walter 180
Harvey, Michael 522
Hastings, Thomas 402
Hauschild, Doctor 451
Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron 305, 308, 387, 390, 392, 397, 474
Hautefort (Dordogne), garden 447
Hawkstone (Shropshire), park 323, 325; 325, 326
Hearne, Thomas 344; 345
Heely, J. 259 n. 9
Heemskerck, Marten van 84
Heemstede (Netherlands), gardens 164
Meerenberg 165 n. 4
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 360
Hegemann, Werner 402, 403
Heicke, Carl 409
Heidelberg, botanic garden 81
Hortus Palatinus 84, 104, 157, 158, 159; 68, 86, 87, 157, 158, 159
Hellbrunn, Salzburg, gardens 62
Hellerau (Germany) 409
Hénard, Eugène 387
Henfel (landscape designer) 415
Henry, Prince of Wales 59, 62, 64, 157
Henry VIII, King of England 516
Henry II, King of France 172
Henry IV, King of France 62, 169
Henry III, King of Spain 198
Henry IV, King of Spain 198
Herculaneum 402
Héré, Corny Emanuel 311
Herigoyen, E.J. d’ 226
Héroard, Jean 169
Herrenhausen (Hanover), Grosser Garten 192, 193, 194, 295; 120, 192, 193, 194
Herrera, Juan de 285
Hesse-Kassel, Landgraves of 317
Hessen, Park of Schönbusch 226
Hetzendorf, Vienna 195
Hetzendorf von Hohenberg, Ferdinand 197; 196
Heyden, J. van der 165
Heylyn, Peter 169
Hidcote Manor (Gloucestershire), garden 459
Hill, Sir Richard 325, 326
Hill, Thomas 84, 104
Hintze, Johann Heinrich 436
Hirschfeld, C.C.L. 47, 302, 360, 364
Hittorff, Jacques-Ignace 387, 388; 389, 392
Hoare, Henry 231
Hobbs, C.S. 515 n. 4
Hof te Bergen (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Hoffmann, Ludwig von 411
Hofwijck (The Hague), palace 163
Hohenheim (Stuttgart), gardens 277, 301, 302
Hohenzollern, family 436
Holiday Park (Germany) 483
Homer 231
Hondius, Hendrick 105; 105
Honselaarsdijk (The Hague), gardens 163, 164
Hooghe, R. 178
Hoole House (Cheshire) 369; 370
Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) 37, 430
Horeau, Hector 387, 427
Horkheimer, Max 259 n. 1, n. 10
Hornblower, Lewis 381
Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland 367
Howard, Ebenezer 439
Howatson (botanist) 367
Hubert (architect) 315
Hubertusburg 188
Hudig, Dirk 507
Huet, Jean-Baptiste 247
Huis ten Bosch (The Hague) 163; 165
Humboldt, Alexander von 427
Hummel, Johann Erdmann 319; 319
Hunter, Leslie Gene 515 n. 1
Huquier, Gabriel 243, 248, 250 n. 1; 244
Hutcheson, Francis 17
Huygens, Constantijn 163
Huygens, Louis 171
Huyot, J.N. 400
Huysmans, Joris-Karl 428
Hyères (Var) 457
Parc Sainte Claire 459
Villa Noailles (Cubist Garden) 459; 459
Ibañez, Blasco 459
Idalie (pleasure garden) 316
Ile-de-France, Villa 458
Incaffi (Verona) 106
Innocent VIII, Pope 53
Ippolito d’Este, Cardinal 50
Ironside, E. 233
Isabella II, Queen of Spain 201
Isabella d’Este 84
Isle-Adam (Bois de Cassan, Val d’Oise) 12; 485
Isola Bella (Côte d’Azur), villa 479
Isola Bella (Lake Maggiore), garden 150, 151
Jacques, David 239 n. 7
James, Geoffrey 280 n. 35; 473
Janda, Jean 151
Jappelli, Giuseppe 364, 367, 368; 364
Jefferson, Thomas 403
Jekyll, Gertrude 12, 424, 512
Jellicoe, Sir Geoffrey 516, 517, 518
Jellicoe, Susan 516
Jeurre (Essonne), park 342 n. 6; 268
Jiminez Martin, A. 290 n. 8
Joest, Thomas von 398 n. 7, n. 9
Johnes, Thomas 323, 346
Johnson, Samuel 256, 259 n. 11, n. 12, 325, 346
Johnston, Lawrence 459
Joly (gardener) 198
Jones, Grahame 503; 501
Josephine, Empress 366
Josselin (Britanny) 311
Julienne, Jean de 243, 250 n. 1
Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 103
Julius II, Pope 53
Julius III, Pope 166
Jussieu, Bernard 380
Jussow, Heinrich Christoph 318
Juvara, Felipe 151, 198, 288, 318; 155
Kahn, Albert 366
Kant, Immanuel 11
Kantemir, Antiockh, Prince 277
Karl of Hesse-Kassel, Landgrave 295, 317
Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar 304
Karl August, Fürst von Hardenberg 421
Karl-Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden 174
Karlsruhe 174; 174
Kassel 293, 503
Schloss Bellevue 318
Schloss Weissenstein 317
Wilhelmshöhe 11, 294, 295, 304, 317, 318, 319, 427; 226, 317, 318, 319
Kaunitz, Prince 197
Kazakov, M.F. 277, 335
Keith, T. 290 n. 10
Kemp, Edward 18, 384
Kent, J.C. 369
Kent, William 14, 108, 231, 233, 234, 238, 239, 320, 321, 342, 363, 500; 208, 210, 212, 235, 237, 321
Keppler, Arie 507, 508
Kern, H. 84, 86 n. 1
Keukenhof (Netherlands) 165 n. 2, n. 4
Keutner, H. 67 n. 20
Kintzler, C. 282
Kleiner, Salomon 298; 294
Kleist, Heinrich von 436
Klimt, Max 411
Kline Fulmer, O. 513, 515 n. 5
Klosterneuberg (Katterburg), Monastery of 195
Knight, Richard Payne 15, 344, 345, 346, 360, 376; 344
Knoop, J.H. 164
Koppel, Johann Gottfried 297
Kôrner, Theodor 436
Kosuth, Joseph 506
Kraatz, Leopold 422; 422
Kruidberg (Netherlands) 163, 165 n. 2; 164
Kurten, Saverio 368
Kuskovo Park (near Moscow) 335
La Boissière, garden 449
Laborde, Alexandre, Comte de 367
Laborde, Jean-Joseph de 274, 341, 363
La Bruyère, Jean de 177
La Chesnée-Monstereul, Charles de 173 n. 8
Lafayette, Marquis de 342
La Fontaine, Jean de 143, 189
La Francport, garden 449
Lafreri, Antonio 50, 92; 50
La Galissonnière, Marquis de 505
Lagarde, Pierre de 399
La Gorce, J. de 249, 250 n. 2, n. 22, n. 23
Lagrange (Brie), château 342
La Granja (Segovia), San Ildefonso 198, 288; 117, 198, 200, 201, 202
La Guépière (architect) 174
La Hyre, L. de 136, 177
Laîné (architect) 447
Lajoue, J. de 247, 248; 247, 248
Lallemand, Jean-Baptiste 306
Lalos, J. 367
La Magia, villa 96
La Malmaison (Hauts-de-Seine) 366, 427; 362, 428
Lambert, Joseph-Hyacinthe 103
Laming, D. 492
Lancret, Nicolas 247
Landolina, Saverio 350
Langbehn, Julius 463
Lange, Willi 415
Langeais (Indre-et-Loire), garden 447
Langen, G. 464
Langlois (engraver) 129
La Norville (Essonne), park 129; 129
Lante, family 92
Lante, Cardinal Federico 92
Lanzani, Antonio 364
La Perrine (Eure-et-Loir), château 368
La Petraia, villa 96
Lapointe, F. de 129
Lappeggi (Florence), villa 96
Laprade, A. 460
La Roche-Courbon (Charente-Maritime), garden 449
La Rochefoucauld, François de, Duc de Liancourt 363, 368
Lassurance (Pierre Cailleteau) 281
Lassus, Bernard 500, 503, 505
Last, C. de 487
La Tribuna, grotto 67
Làuger, Max 409
Laugier, M.A., Abbot 308
Lauly (surveyor) 222
Launay, Doctor 169; 110
Laurent 132
Lauro, Giacomo 84, 107; 46, 92
Lavedan, P. 306
Laversine, garden 449
Laverstoke (Hampshire) 425
Lazzora, Mastro della Fontane 59
Leanti, A. 156
Leasowes, The (Warwickshire) 259, 260, 363; 256, 257, 259
Leatherbarrow, D. 239 n. 4
Lebel, Léon 459
Lebitsch, Franz 460
Le Blond, Alexandre 333
Le Blond, Mrs Aubrey 481
Le Bris, Michel 446
Le Brun, Annie 280 n. 35
Le Brun, Charles 200
Le Camus de Mézières, L.D. 273; 276
Le Clerc, S. 176
Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret) 408, 444
Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas 274, 276, 277, 305
Leek (Netherlands), Castle of Nienoord 164
Leeuwenburg (Netherlands), gardens 164
Leeuwenhorst (Netherlands), gardens 164
Léger, Fernand 503
Legrain, P. 462
Leicester, Abbey Park 381; 381
Leiden, botanic garden 81, 82; 81
Leipzig 362, 451
Lemaire, Jean 169
Le Marais, park 447, 528
Lemercier, Jacques 169, 171
Lemmi (gardener) 198
Lemot, François-Frédérique 368
Le Muet, P. 145 n. 57
L’Enfant, Pierre-Charles 408
Leningrad 280 n. 21
Ropsha palace 333
Strelna palace 333
Summer Garden 333; 333
Tauride palace 280 n. 21
Lenné, Peter Joseph 18, 368, 409, 421, 435, 454; 401
Lenoir, Alexandre 367
Le Nôtre (or Le Nostre), André 12, 143, 145 n. 49, n. 57, 147, 171, 281, 285, 293, 294, 295, 297, 305, 308, 309, 340, 362, 402, 446, 447, 449, 460
Leo X, Pope 54, 67, 91
Leonardo da Vinci 47
Leonbattista 58 n. 4
Léopold, Duke of Lorraine 311
Leopold I, Emperor 195
Le Pautre, Pierre 115
Le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, Louis-Michel 274
Lepelmann, J. 451; 454
Le Pouty (Loiret), garden 130
Leprince, Jean-Baptiste 307
Lequeu, Jean-Jacques 266
Le Rouge, Georges-Louis 263, 266, 279 n. 3, 318; 174, 220, 222, 286
Les Cèdres (Côte d’Azur), villa 458
Lespilliez, Charles-Albert de 14
Lespinasse, Louis-Nicolas de 313
Lesser, Ludwig 409
Lesueur, Philippe 338, 341
Leth, H. de 165 n. 3
Le Tréport (Seine Maritime) 449
Le Vau, Louis 172, 173, 174
Levens Hall (Cumbria), garden 369; 370, 371
Liancourt (Oise), gardens 129, 363
Liboc (Prague), Jagdschlosses Stern 59; 60
Lichtwark, Alfred 409
Liébault, Jean 70
Liechtenstein, garden palace 294
Liegeard, Stephen 457
Lietzenburg (near Berlin) 294
Ligne, Charles-Joseph de, Prince 265, 266, 269, 274, 276, 277, 369
Ligorio, Pirro 41, 56, 84
Ligustri, Tarquinio 84, 92
Lilienfein, A. 455; 454
Lille 309
Lindsay, John 21
Linville Falls (Virginia) 511
Lipchitz, Jacques 459
L’Isle d’Abeau 505
Livadia (Yalta), park 336
Liverpool 373
Sefton Park 18, 381, 382; 378, 379
Livingston New Town (Scotland) 523
Lomazzo, Giovan Paolo 57
Lomonosov (Russia), formerly Oranienbaum 333
London 104, 157, 260, 314, 316, 265, 333, 364, 373
Battersea Park 383; 383
Chiswick House (Twickenham), garden of Lord Burlington 108, 231, 234, 344; 209, 236, 242
Crystal Palace 489
Hampstead Heath 373; 374
Hampton Court Palace (Middlesex) 233, 350
Kensington Gardens 18
Kew Gardens (Surrey) 318; 428
Loudon’s house (Bayswater) 427
Pope’s garden (Twickenham) 231; 233
Ranelagh Gardens 486
Regent’s Park 382; 383
St Paul’s Cathedral 373
Somerset House 62
Syon House 427
Vauxhall Gardens (New Spring Gardens) 380, 486
Victoria Park 383; 383
Long, Richard 495, 496, 499, 506; 496, 497, 503
Loos, Adolf 419
Lorenzo de’ Medici 38, 40, 47
Loris, D. 84; 72
Lorrain, Claude 233, 342, 344, 411, 495; 344
Lorraine, Cardinal de 72
Lorrez-le-Bocage (Seine-et-Marne), gardens 130; 126
Lotti, Cosimo 62
Loudon, John Claudius 18, 281, 368, 369, 373, 377, 378, 380, 383, 384, 427, 430, 431; 360, 370, 375
Louis XIII, King of France 169
Louis XIV, King of France 143 n. 1, 163, 172, 189, 198, 293, 297, 305, 306, 308, 311, 313, 314, 446, 525
Louis XV, King of France 308, 311
Louis XVI, King of France 308, 312, 340, 397, 528
Louis, Victor 316
Louis Napoleon, King of Holland 178, 180
Louis-Philippe, King of France 387
Louisa Ulrica, Queen of Sweden 250 n. 26
Loures (Portugal), Mitra Palace 332
Pinteus Palace 330, 331
Quinta del Correio-Mor 331
Louveciennes (Paris), gardens 247
Loyer, François 387
Lucca 182, 312
gardens 151
Ludwigsburg (Baden-Württemberg) 293, 300
Luise, Queen of Prussia 421
Lumiar (Lisbon), Quinta dos Azulejos 332; 331
Lumière, Louis-Jean and Auguste 477
Luti, Benedetto 320
Lutyens, Sir Edwin Landseer 402
Lycurgus 523
Lyons 176, 313
Perrache peninsula 368; 369
Place Bellecour 308
Maass, Harry 420 n. 8; 412
Mabil, Luigi 363, 364
MacClary, John 500
Mächtig, Hermann 436, 437; 435, 437
Maderno, Carlo 92, 93
Madison (Wisconsin) 403
Madonna, M.L. 56
Madrid 286, 312
Alameda de Osuna, Garden of Mi Capricho 288; 290, 292
botanical garden 288; 282, 283
Buen Retiro Park 37, 102 n. 8, 288
Palacio Real 288; 284, 285
Magdeburg 452
Magny 249
Magritte, René 517
Maillier (poet) 273
Maine, Duchesse de 174
Maïnella, Raffaele 457
Maintenon (Eure-et-Loir), garden 447
Mainz 293
Favorite 294, 297; 294
Maisonneuve (engraver) 247
Major, Joshua 380, 381
Malanca, Giovanni 92
Malkin, Benjamin 325 n. 7
Manchester 373
Peel Park 380; 353, 350, 377
Philips Park 380; 352, 354, 379
Queen’s Park 380; 352, 377
Manetti, Giuseppe 38, 41, 364; 360
Manila 408
Manpad (Netherlands), 165 n. 2, n. 4
Mansart, François 128, 281
Mantegna, Andrea 40
Mantua 37
apartment of Isabella d’Este 59
botanical garden 81
Irrgarten of Gabriele Bertazzolo 84; 84
Palazzo del Te 56, 84; 84, 88
Marchand (engineer) 198, 288; 287
Marelois, Samuel 103
Mareschal, J.P. 313; 311
Maria Caroline of Austria 348
Maria Fedorovna, Empress of Russia 335
Maria Theresa, Empress 196, 197
Marie Antoinette, Queen of France 316, 341, 397, 424, 447
Marie de Médicis 169, 308, 311
Marigny, Marquis de 387
Marin, Louis 11
Marivaux, Pierre Carlet de Chamblain 306
Markus Sittikus von Hohenems, Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg 62
Marlia (Lucca), Villa Orsetti (then Reale, today Pecci-Blunt) 13, 112
Marly (Yvelines), gardens 200, 244, 249, 297, 298, 328, 340; 142
Marmontel, Pâris de 132
Marot, Daniel 163, 164, 178, 369
Marquet (garden designer) 288
Marrast, J. 458; 460, 462
Marshall, W. 259 n. 13
Marseilles, Alleés de Meilhan 309
Grand Cours 309
Canebière 309
Martial (Marcus Valerius Martialis) 54
Martinelli, Anton Erhard 196
Martinez la Peña, E. 355, 439
Marvuglia, G.V. 348, 349
Marx, Karl 259
Mary of Hanover, daughter of George II of England 318
Mary, Queen of Scots 178, 179, 287
Maryland (Côte d’Azur), villa 458
Maser (Treviso), Villa Barbaro 89; 54
Mason, George 259 n. 14
Mason, William 260 n. 15
Massari, Giorgio 148
Max II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria 295, 297
Maximilian I, Emperor 64
Maximilian II, Emperor 62
Maximilian Joseph I, King of Bavaria 189
Mati, Pietro 96
Matis (surveyor) 131
Matschedg (lithographer) 366
Mattioli, Pietro Andrea 64, 81
Maupassant, Guy de 428
Maupertius (Manche), park 274
Maurice, F.D. 425
Maurits, Count of Nassau and Prince of Orange 105
Mawson Ordish, Roland 427
May, Ernst 419; 418, 452
Mayer, Albert 514
Mayer, Constance 337
Mayer, Prokop Johann 188
McClung, W.A. 88
McGuire, Diane K. 168 n. 6
McKenzie, Alexander 18
McKim, Mead & White (architects) 403
Meader, James 336
Medici, Anna de’ 181
Medici, Giulio de’ 54
Medici, Lorenzo de’ 38, 40, 47
Meerenberg (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Meli, Giovanni 349
Meli Park (Belgium) 483
Melzi, villa 472
Menelaws, Adam 336
Menshikov, Aleksandr 333
Menton (Alpes-Maritimes), Bennet garden 457
Jardin des Romanciers 459
Les Colombières 458; 459
Serre de la Madone 459
Menzel, O. 409
Merate (Como), Villa Villani-Novati (formerly Belgioioso, today Brivio-Sforza) 151, 364; 116, 196
Mercier, L.S. 314, 316
Méréville (Essonne), park 274, 341, 367, 528; 268, 343
Mergellina 49
Merian, M. 157
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice 499
Metastasio, Pietro 197
Meudon (Hauts-de-Seine), castle 72; 128, 137
Meusnier, Philippe 244
Meyer, Gustav 437, 454
Michelangelo Buonarroti 96, 239 n. 5
Michelet, Jules 523
Micheli, P.A. 82
Michetti, Niccolo 333
Michiel, Marcantonio 50
Middachten (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Middlesborough (Cleveland), Albert Park 381; 380
Mielke, H. 103, 104
Migge, Leberecht 409, 411, 415, 416, 419; 411, 412, 414, 415, 417, 418
Mikhailov, A.I. 276 n. 40, n. 45
Milan 321 n. 2
Villa Belgioioso (today Villa Comunale) 364
Villa of Charles d’Amboise (near San Babila) 50
Miletus 402
Mill, James 17
Miolan Carvalho, Caroline 457
Mique, Richard 340; 267
Miró, Joan 518; 517
Mociño (botanist) 287
Modio, Giovan Battista 166
Möhring, B. 465
Moisset, Jean (Montaubon) 169
Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) 446
Molinier, J.-C. 447
Mollet, Claude 64, 81, 135, 136, 137, 140, 142, 163, 290 n. 2; 139
Mondonville, Jean-Joseph Cassanea de 249
Mondran, L. de 308; 306
Monet, Claude 495, 478
Mongin, A.-P. 315
Montagón y Paret, Pedro 286
Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de 59, 91, 92, 94
Montalto, Alessandro, Cardinal 92, 93
Montargis (Loiret), Château de 84, 100; 87
Montauban (Tarn-et-Garonne) 314
Montaubon, see Moisset, Jean
Montceaux-en-Brie (Seine-et-Marne), garden 130, 131
Montecchio (Vicenza), Villa La Cordellina 148, 148 n. 15
Monteleone, Dukes of 348
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat 338, 446
Montesquiou, Marquis de 274
Montmorency (Val d’Oise), garden of Pierre Crozat 243
Montmorency, Henri, Connétable de 75, 76
Montpellier (Hérault) 313
botanic garden 81
Place du Peyrou 308, 313
Promenade du Peyrou 310
Monza (Milan), Royal Park 365
Moor, Jacob 103
Moore, C. 402, 467
Moore, Henry 496, 505, 518
More, Jacob 232
Moreau, L. 266
Morel, Jean-Marie 17, 263, 281, 337, 359, 362, 366
Moreux, Jean-Charles 449
Morin, Pierre 176
Moritz the Wise, Landgrave 317
Morris, William 439
Mortefontaine (Oise) 274, 367
Moscow 449
Khodinka 277
Moses, Robert 510
Motte, Charles-Etienne-Pierre 18, 487
Moucheron, J. 165 n. 3
Moulin-Joli (Val d’Oise), garden 359, 363, 366
Mount Hood National Forest (Portland), Timberline Lodge 512
Mouret, Jean-Joseph 249
Mozani, Giuliano 147
Muller, G. 392
Müller, J.J. 193, 194
Munch, Edvard 411
Munich 293
Englischer Garten 304
Lustheim 295, 297
Residenz 295
Muthesius, Hermann 409
Mutis, José Celestino 287
Muttone, Giacomo 364
Muttoni, Francesco 151; 153
Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle), Hémicycle 311
Pépinière Park 311
Place de la Carrière 311; 310
Place Royale 311
Place Stanislas 392
Nantes (Loire-Atlantique) 309, 313; 309
Bourse 309
Naples 38, 40, 312, 282, 286, 327, 328, 340
Palazzo Tarsia 147
Poggio Reale 38, 42, 50
Portici Royal Palace 147, 340; 15
Napoleon I 312, 364, 368, 435; 361
Napoleon III 305, 390, 392, 397, 482 n. 9
Napoli, Tommaso Maria 147; 156
Nash, David 495, 499, 500; 500
Nash, John 368, 382, 383, 424; 260, 424
Natoire, Charles 244, 250 n. 6
Naumann, Friedrich 419
Navagero, Andrea 47, 106
Navarre 71
Neandertal (Düsseldorf), garden of Lepelmann 455
Necker, Jacques 368
Neelov, Vasily 333
Neercanne (Netherlands) 164
Negrin, Alessandro 368
Nemours (Paris) 79
Nero, Emperor 40, 54
Nesfield, Markham 382
Nesfield, William Andrews 446
Neufforge, Jean-François de 243
Neuilly (Hauts-de-Seine), Folie Saint-James 12, 274; 266
Neukölln (Berlin), allotments at Marienthal 453
Neumann, F. 464
New Delhi 408
New Harmony (Indiana) 500
New Haven (Connecticut), Merritt Parkway 512
New Lanark (Strathclyde) 500
New York 18; 22, 356
Astoria Pool 510
Brooklyn 510
Central Park 18, 21, 383; 22, 356
Coney Island 489; 490
DeWitt Clinton Park 467
Jones Beach 510; 512
Long Island State Park 510
Orchard Beach 510
Prospect Park 21
Rockaway Beach 510
Newton, Isaac 338
Nice (Alpes-Maritimes), Les Tropiques 457
Villa Bermond 457
Nicéron, Jean-François 136, 140
Nicholas V, Pope 49, 166
Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia 336
Nicholson, Ben 516, 518; 518
Nickel, J. van 319
Nicosia, F., Baron 348
Nietzsche, Friedrich 18, 21
Nieuwburg, Huis ter (Netherlands), gardens 163
Nîmes (Gard) 313
Jardin de la Fontaine 313; 311
Noailles, Charles de 459
Noailles, Maréchal de 342
Nordkirchen (Westphalia), park 447; 446
Northcliffe, Lady 516, 517
Northcliffe, Lord 516
Nuremberg, Zeppelinfeld Park 415
Nymphenburg (Bavaria) 294, 295, 297, 298, 304; 204, 294
Oberkirch, Mme d’ 314
Oberlenningen (Württemberg), Scheufelen paper works 463
Ockenburg (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Oeiras (Portugal), estate of the Marquez de Pombal 331, 332
Olbrich, Joseph Maria 409; 454
Oldenaller (Netherlands) 165 n. 6
Oldenburg, Claes 505
Oldengaerde (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Olive, J.P. 457, 459
Olivuzza (near Palermo) 349
Ollivier, M.-B. 485
Olmsted, Frederick Law 18, 383, 384, 403; 356, 467
Olympus, Mount 402
Oranienbaum (Russia; today Lomonosov) 333
Oranjewoud (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Oreanda (Yalta), park 336
Orsini, Fulvio 92
Orsini, Vicino 56, 92
Osnabrück (Lower Saxony) 192
Osuna, Dukes of 288
Oth, Georg Joseph 188
Oth, Johann Anton 188; 122
Otlet, Paul 443
Otterlo, Kröller-Müller Museum 506, 523
Oudry, Jean-Baptiste 247; 247
Ouvrard, Gabriel-Julien 366
Overton (surveyor) 214
Ovid 94, 96, 174, 189, 231, 522
Owen, Robert 387, 500
Owen, William 344
Oxford, botanic garden 81
Ozanam, Frédéric 140, 143 n. 22
Paaw, P. (publisher) 82
Pacassi, Nicola 196
Pacioli, L. 70
Padua 364, 366
botanic garden 81, 82, 107; 81
Pagello, Bartolomeo 58 n. 9, 106
Paglia, Enrico 44 n. 1
Painshill (Surrey), park 213, 262, 480
Palagi, Pelagio 368
Palatinate 159
Palau, Antonio 287
Palermo
botanic garden 348
Butera Wilding garden 349
Casina Cinese 348
Conca d’Oro, gardens 348
Convent of Sta Maria di Gesù dei Frati Minori 349
Olivuzza, Garden of the Duke of Serradifalco 349; 350
Park of the Prince of Belmonte 348
Park of the Prince of Castelnuovo 348
Pignatelli garden 348
Real Casa dei Matti 350
Real Favorita 350
Villa Giulia 348; 348, 349
Villa Tasca 350
Palestrina, temple of Praeneste 40, 42, 54, 195, 233, 239; 400
Palissy, Bernard 11, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 135, 139; 78, 80
Palladio, Andrea 163
Palladio, Blasio 54, 57
Palladio, Rutilio Tauro Emiliano 64
Palli, family 349
Palma, Nicolò 348
Pampulha Park (Brazil) 519
Panckoucke, Charles Joseph 359
Pannini, Giovanni Paolo 320
Panofsky, E. 321
Panzano, villa 147
Parigi, Giulio 160
Paris 18, 135, 176, 178, 198, 243, 274, 305, 306, 308, 312, 314, 316, 318, 340, 364, 368, 373, 382, 387, 390, 392, 397, 459, 474, 486; 462
Arc de Triomphe 387, 397
Arsenal 306, 316
Avenue de l’Impératrice (now Avenue Foch) 390
Bagatelle (Folie d’Artois) 12, 366; 121, 405
Bois de Boulogne 312, 390, 392, 397, 398 n. 3, 402; 392, 405
Bois de Vincennes 390, 392, 402
botanic gardens 81, 175, 176
Boulevard Italien 388
Buttes-Chaumont park 18, 390, 392; 394, 395
Carrousel 77
Cemetery of the Innocents 483
Champs-Elysées 308, 312, 314, 387, 388, 390, 392, 397, 402, 428; 306, 389, 390, 391, 392
Château de Madrid 100
Cours de Vincennes 305, 308
Cours de la Reine 308, 387
Faubourg Saint-Antoine 308
Faubourg Saint-Honoré 387
Folie St James 12
Grands Boulevards 306, 308, 312
Hôtel de Brunoy 306
Hôtel de Ville (now Place du Châtelet, St-Michel) 390
Hôtel Matignon gardens 449
Hôtel Saint-Pol 172
Infanta’s garden 316
Jardin d’Acclimatation 392
Jardin des Plantes 280 n. 23, 428
King’s Garden 82, 316
Ledoyen Square 388
Le Marais 447, 529
Longchamp Abbey 312
Louvre 100, 318
Luxembourg gardens 164, 314, 316, 402
Mail de l’Arsenal 308
Museé d’Histoire Naturelle 428
Museé du Progrès 449
Palais de Chaillot 367, 449
Palais Garnier 397
Palais-Royal 314, 316, 387, 397, 486; 313, 486
Parc de la Villette 398 n. 3, 505
Parc Monceau 15, 244, 274, 280 n. 21, 363, 366, 392; 222, 264, 263
Parc Montsouris 390; 20
Place de la Concorde 388
Place de la République 397
Place du Châtelet 390
Place du Trône 308; 491
Place Grenelle 402
Place Louis XV 308; 307
Place Louis XVI 391
Place Royale 308
Ruggieri gardens 489
Square des Batignolles 396, 397
Square des Invalides 402
Square des Magasins-Réunis 397
Square Louis XVI 397
Square St Jacques 397
Tivoli garden 489; 487, 489
Tuileries 75, 77, 78, 100, 145 n. 56, 305, 308, 314, 316, 387, 457, 459 n. 4, 474; 78, 315
Vaugirard, park 398 n. 3
Pâris, Pierre-Adrien 249, 340, 525; 16, 231
Park Place (Berkshire) 269
Parma 147, 312
Stradone 312
Parma, Duchess of 102 n. 7
Parrish, Maxfield 474, 477; 496
Passe, C. de 81
Passy (Paris) 368
Paterno, L, Prince of Biscari 349, 350
Paul II, Pope 49
Paul III, Pope 54
Paul V, Pope 167
Paul I, Tsar of Russia 335
Pavlovsk (near Pushkin) 335
Pavón (botanist) 287
Paxton, Sir Joseph 18, 373, 377, 383, 427; 376
Pazo de Oca (Galicia), gardens 290
Pederzuoli, Giovanni Battista 195
Pedralves (France), gardens of Hôtel del Léon 406
Peets, Elbert 402
Peiresc 80 n. 21, 177
Penn, William 338
Pennethorne, James 18, 383
Penrose, Spencer 477
Penthièvre, Duc de 340
Percier, Charles 366, 402, 472; 34, 35
Perelle, Gabriel 12, 129, 169; 169, 171, 173
Pergamon 402
Perin del Vaga (Pietro Buonaccorsi) 53
Perpignan (Pyrénées-Orientales) 316 n. 44
Perrache, Antoine-Michel 368
Perrault, Charles 140
Perronet, Henri 192
Persico, Paolo 329
Persius, Ludwig 421, 422
Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia 333
Peter III, Tsar of Russia 333
Petitot, Ennemond-Alexandre 312
Peto, Harold 458; 438
Petrarch, Francesco 37, 38, 40, 106
Petri, Johann Ludwig 300; 207, 300
Petrodvorets (formerly Peterhof), park 276, 333; 334
Alexandria Park (today Proletarskii) 336
English garden 335
Kolonistkii park 336
Lugovoi park 336
Petroni, Alessandro 166
Peyre, A.F. 367
Pfingstberg (near Potsdam) 422
Phantasia Land (Germany) 483
Philadelphia 408
Philip II, King of Spain 198, 282
Philip V, King of Spain 147, 198
Philippe VI de Valois, King of France 172
Piazzi, Giuseppe 349
Pibrac, Guy du Faur de 70
Picard, Jean, Abbé 140; 146
Piccolomini, Andrea 185
Pico della Mirandola, Gianfrancesco 40
Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni 40, 41
Picon, A. 308
Piedrahita, Duke of 288
Piermarini, Giuseppe 364
Pietrasanta, Federico 148, 152 n. 13
Pigage, Nicolas 300
Pignatelli, dukes of Monteleone 348
Pillement, Jean 332
Pindemonte, Ippolito 363, 364, 369
Pini, G. 175
Piper, Frederik Magnus 213
Piranesi, Giovan Battista 270
Pisa, botanic gardens 64, 67, 81, 82
Camposanto 88
Pisani, P., Baron 350
Pistoia, Parco di Celle 192, 505; 503, 504, 505
Pittoni, Lelio 84
Pitué, Pierre 200
Pizzoni Ardemani, family 185
Platt, Charles 402, 472, 477; 474
Pliny the Elder 47, 164
Pliny the Younger 37, 49, 81, 106
Ploërmel (Morbihan, Britanny) 311
Plusiapolis 49
Poccetti, Bernardino 96
Pocciani, R. 58 n. 24
Poe, Edgar Allan 18, 47, 57
Poggio a Caiano (Florence), Villa Medici 38, 40, 42; 40
Poggiofrancoli, villa 96
Poirier, Anne and Patrick 506; 505
Poitiers (Vienne) 314, 316 n. 44
Blossac park 312, 313
Futuroscope 492
Poliziano (Agnolo Ambrogini) 231
Pollack, Leopold 364
Polyphilus 77
Pommersfelden (Germany), garden 294
Pompeii 402
Pontchartrain, park 366
Pontormo (Jacopo Carrucci) 40
Ponz, A. 198
Poole, Compton Acres 458
Pope, Alexander 231, 238, 239, 256, 320, 348, 522; 233
Porgès, Madame 449
Porphirius of Tyre 67
Porro, G. (publisher) 82
Porta, Giovanni Battista della 482 n. 3
Portail, Jacques-André 244
Portal, Melville 425
Portinari, Cándido 519
Post, Maurits 163
Post, Pieter 163
Post Wolcott, Marion 512, 514
Potemkin, Prince 280 n. 21
Potsdam 277, 421, 422; 422
Böttcherberg, park 422
Charlottenhof 368
Sanssouci 298, 300; 297, 299
School of Garden Design 409
Poussin, Nicolas 231, 233, 344, 495, 506 n. 9; 235
Pozzo, Girolamo dal 152 n. 8
Pozzuoli (Naples) 340
Prague 59, 64, 104, 157, 177
Pratolino (Florence), Villa Medici 59, 60, 62, 64, 96, 99, 157, 158, 184, 364; 26, 96, 98, 99
Price, Uvedale 15, 235, 344, 346, 360, 376, 433 n. 18
Priene 402
Procaccini, Andrea 198
Prulay (Tremblay), château 366
Pückler-Muskau, Hermann, Fürst von 421
Puec, Hans 84, 104
Pugnano (Pisa), Villa Roncioni 368
Punta San Vigilio (Verona), Villa Brenzone 106, 107, 108; 107, 108
Pushkin (formerly Tsarskoe Selo) 333, 335; 336
Alexander I’s Palace 333
‘Catherine’s’ Palace 333
Putz, Leo 519
Pythagoras 67, 367
Quaracchi (Florence) 47, 49
Quarenghi, Giacomo Antonio Domenico 333, 336
Quatremère de Quincy, Antoine
Chrysostome 359, 360, 369, 430, 434 n. 30
Queluz (Lisbon), Royal Palace 331
Quer, José 287
Quimper (Finistère) 311
Rabat 408
Racconigi (Piedmont), park of royal castle 147, 368; 148, 366
Radziwill, Helen, Princess 269
Raffaellino da Reggio 92
Ragusa (Sicily) 349
Raincy (Paris) 366
Rambouillet (Yvelines) 340, 342 n. 4
Rambuteau, Comte de 388, 390
Rameau, Jean-Philippe 248, 249
Ramée, J.-J. 391
Ramusio, Giambattista 106
Raphael 42, 54, 231
Rapin, Nicolas 70
Rasario, A. 167 n. 3
Rastrelli, Bartolomeo 333; 336
Rathbone, Joel 433 n. 7
Rathenau, Walther 419
Ratti, Nicolò 185
Ray, John 175
Récamier, Jacques 366
Récamier, Juliette 366
Recife (Brazil) 519
Redouté, Pierre-Joseph 367
Reims 314
Reinickendorf-Wittenau (Berlin), Siedlung Neue Zeit 453
Rembrandt van Rijn 463
Rémy de la Fosse, Louis 193
Rendu, Marc-Ambroise 490
Renée de France 100
Renswoude (Netherlands) 165 n. 2, n. 4
Repton, G.S. 424; 260
Repton, Humphry 15, 360, 367, 368, 376, 377, 382, 384, 386, 424, 471; 360
Revett, Nicholas 277
Rey, Fernando 200
Reynolds, Sir Joshua 326, 362, 471
Rheinsberg (Prussia), gardens 298
Riario, Ottaviano 91
Riario, Raffaele, Cardinal 91
Ribera, Pedro de 281
Richelieu, Cardinal 169
Richmond (Surrey), gardens 59, 64
Ridolfi, Nicolò, Cardinal 91
Ridolfi, Stiozzi, Marchese 367
Riegl, Alois 464
Rigaud, Jacques 234, 249; 236
Righini, Pietro 148
Rinaldi, Antonio 333
Ringholz, B. 205
Rio de Janeiro, Ministry of Education 519
Museum of Modern Art 519
Riousse, André 459
Riquet, Pierre Paul de 145 n. 49
Robert, Hubert 17, 278, 337, 338, 340, 341, 342, 367; 278, 340, 341, 342, 343, 529
Robertson-Prochovski, Doctor 457
Robespierre, Maximilien de 523
Robinson, William 373, 375, 382, 384, 424, 477
Rochefort, Corderie Royale, Jardins des Retours 505
Rochester (New York) 403
Rocque, Jean 209, 212
Rode, A. 280 n. 26
Rodriguez, Ventura 281, 288
Roebuck, John Arthur 17, 375
Rohault de Fleury, Charles 427
Romainville (Seine-St-Denis), glass house 427
Roman, Jacob 164, 178
Romano, Giulio 84
Rome 11, 54, 79 n. 12, 92, 107, 152 n. 10, 159, 166, 167, 198, 239, 248, 250 n. 6, 270, 317, 320, 321 n. 2, n. 4, n. 5, 338, 342, 342 n. 1, 449
Caffè degli Inglesi 270
Campidoglio gardens 367
Domus Aurea (Golden House) of Nero 40, 54, 402
Farnese gardens 54
Forum 402
Nuovo Giardino del Gran Cesare 367
Palatine Hill 402
Palazzo Farnese 160, 340
Palazzo Sciarra 328
Palazzo Zuccari 171
Piazza del Popolo 327, 367
Pincio 38, 40, 367
Quirinale 49; 166
Saint Peter’s Square 147, 327
Santa Maria della Pace 167
Villa Albani 167, 340
Villa Almonte Cavallo 160
Villa Borghese 160, 167, 340
Villa Carpi 38, 41; 41, 43
Villa Colocci 41
Villa Corsini 167
Villa Doria-Pamphili 167; 35
Villa Farnesina 38, 54, 166
Villa Giulia 54, 166; 55
Villa Giustiniani 167
Villa Lante 44, 166, 169
Villa Ludovisi 167
Villa Madama 53, 54, 56, 166, 250 n. 6, 340, 402; 96
Villa Mattei 107, 168, 340; 168
Villa Medici 44, 160, 166, 338; 32, 46
Villa Montalto 166
Villa Patrizi 167
Villa Peretti-Montaldo 167
Villa Saccheti 340
Romford (Essex) 424
Ronsard, Pierre de 74
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano 510, 511, 513, 515
Roquebrune (Provence), villa 459 n. 5
Rosa, Salvator 342, 344, 376
Rosemary (Côte d’Azur), villa 458
Rosendael (Limburg), Castle 164
Rosny (Paris), garden 447
Rossetti, D. 185, 187; 187
Rossi, Carlo 335
Röthe, brothers 409
Rousham (Oxfordshire), garden 15, 231, 234, 238, 239, 260, 320, 322, 344, 500; 210, 238, 239
Rousseau, F.J. 296
Rousseau, Henry 428
Rousseau, Jacques 244
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 18, 286, 305, 316, 337, 338, 341, 368, 523
Rowlandson, Thomas 234, 235; 236
Rucellai, Bernardo 49
Rucellai, Palla 59
Rückert, Friedrich 436
Rudolf II, Emperor 62, 103, 104, 161
Rudorff, Ernst 463
Rueil (Hauts-de-Seine), Château de Richelieu 169, 171; 110, 169, 170, 171
Ruggeri, Giovanni 148, 151, 152 n. 13
Ruiz (botanist) 287
Rupprecht, B. 58 n. 3
Ruskin, John 439, 472
Rüstringen, public park 415
Sabatini, Francesco 281, 288; 283, 285
Sacchetti, Giovanni Battista 198, 281, 288
Sacramento (California) 433 n. 21
Sade, Donatien-Alphonse-François, ‘Marquis de’ 278
Saigon 408
Saint-Cloud (Paris), park 102 n. 3, 129, 171, 340, 474
Saintes (Charente-Maritime) 76, 77
Saint-Estienne, Claude de 177
Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Yvelines), park 64, 102, 145 n. 56, 172, 243, 342; 62, 63
Saint-Hubert, garden 447
Saint-James, Baudard de 274
Saint-Léger, château 102 n. 8
Saint-Leu-Taverny (Val d’Oise), park 363, 367; 363
Saint Louis (Missouri) 403
Saint-Maur (Paris), château 102
Saint-Non, Abbé de 340
Saintonge (Charente-Maritime) 69
Saint-Pierre, Joseph 298
Saint Raphaël, Villa Magali 457
Saint-Simon, Duc de 387
Sakrow (near Potsdam) 422
Salles (Brazil), garden 519
Salomonio, J. 185, 187
Salvin, Anthony 369
Salzdahlum (Germany) 293
Samos 67
San Francisco (California) 408
Cabrillo playground 468
Golden Gate Park 466, 468
Sanmicheli, Michele 106
Sannazaro, Jacopo 49
San Pietro di Lavagno (Verona) 106
Santa Coloma de Cervelló (Barcelona) 438
Santafiora, Cardinal of 92
Santa Maria di Non (Padua) 106
Sant Andreu (Barcelona) 439
Sants (Barcelona) 439
Saonara (Padua), garden of Antonio Vigodarzere (today Villa Valmarana) 366; 364
São Paulo, Government Palace 519
Rua Itapolis 519
Sarasin (banker) 276
Sargent, C.S. 467
Sartorio, Hieronymo 192
Sasse, J. van 193, 194
Sauval 308
Savalette de Fortaire 362
Savelli Peretti Paolo, Cardinal 167
Savoy, House of 56
Saxony, Duke of 62
Sbarra, Francesco 181
Scalvinoni, Hieronymus von 195
Scamozzi, Vincenzo 57, 163
Sceaux (Hauts-de-Seine), park 174, 248; 141, 525, 527
Scharf, Aaron 482 n. 3
Scheemaker (sculptor) 239
Scheffer, L.S.P. 507
Schenk, P. 165 n. 3
Schenkendorf, Max von 437
Scherm, L. 165 n. 3; 178
Schickhardt, Heinrich 62, 99
Schijnvoet, S. 164
Schininà, V., Baron 349
Schinkel, Karl Friedrich 368, 401, 421, 422, 435; 427, 436
Schio (Vicenza), wool mill of Alessandro Rossi 368; 366
Schleissheim (Bavaria) 295, 297, 298; 205
Schmitthenner, Paul 463
Schönborn, Lothar Franz von, Archbishop of Mainz, 297
Schönbusch (Hessen), garden 303
Schonck, Philip W. 180; 180
Schoonheten (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Schreber, Doctor 451
Schreyer, G.P. 300
Schultze-Naumburg, Paul 463; 463
Schumacher, Fritz 409, 463, 507; 410
Schütz (architect) 432
Schwetzingen (Baden-Württemberg), garden 300, 302; 207, 300, 304
Sckell, Friedrich Ludwig 304
Scornio (Pistoia), Puccini gardens 367; 364
Scott, Sir Walter 386
Sedan (Ardennes) 79
Seegar, Stanley 516, 518
Seehof (Bamberg), park 151, 297
Segovia 198
Seifersdorfer Tal (Dresden), garden 302; 302
Seinsheim, Adam Friedrich von, Bishop 188, 189
Selvazzano, garden 363
Seneca 37
Sercy, Charles de 135
Serlio, Sebastiano 53, 69, 74, 84, 103, 104, 158, 163, 164
Serra, Richard 505; 304
Serradifalco, Duke of 349
Serres, Michel 18
Serres, Olivier de 70, 140
Servandoni, Jean-Nicolas 248, 249; 232
Servi, Costantino de’ 59, 62
Sessé (botanist) 287
Settignano (Florence), Villa Gamberaia 516; 481
Setúbal (Portugal), Quinta da Bacalhoa 330, 331; 330
Seville, Alcázar 84, 285; 291
House of Pilate 290
Seydel, Oberbürgermeister of Berlin 437
Sforza, Ludovico 50
Sgrilli, Bernardo Sansone 26
Shaftesbury, Earl of 231, 244, 321
Shaw, John 381
Shenandoah National Park (Virginia) 510
Shenstone, William 253, 259, 260 n. 16, n. 17, 346, 522; 255, 258, 259
Shrewsbury, Earl of 369
Shrubland Park (Suffolk) 369
Shugborough (Staffordshire), gardens 277
Silva, Ercole, Count 364
Silvestre, Israel 12, 129, 169, 249, 472, 474; 115, 130, 131, 137, 169, 170, 171, 475
Simo, M.L. 386 n. 11
Sintra (Lisbon), Arriaga Estate 332
Pombal Estate 332
Royal Palace 330
Sixtus IV, Pope 166
Sixtus V, Pope 92, 167; 167
Slaney, R.A. 17
Slodtz, Michel-Ange 248
Smallegange, M. 164
Smith, Charles H.J. 383, 386 n. 30
Smith, Daniel 214
Smith, Edwin 11
Smith, J.E. 324
Smith, John Jay 433 n. 7, n. 23
Smithson, Robert 495
Smollett, Tobias 231
Socrates 37
Soestdijk (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Solari, Santino 62, 329
Solis (gardener) 198
Solvay, Ernest 443
Sommier, Alfred 447
Sophia, Electress of Hanover 192, 193
Sophie Charlotte of Hanover, Queen of Prussia 294
Sorra, family 147
Soto de Rojas, Pedro 285
Specchi, Alessandro 317
Speer, Albert 437
Spence, Joseph 235, 239 n. 3, n. 15
Spifame, Gaillard 102 n. 3, 127
Sporck, Count 302
Staden, C.P. van 179
Stanislas Leszczynski, King of Poland 311
Stanislas II Poniatowski, King of Poland 184
Steckoven, Adrian van 196
Stein, Freiherr von 435
Steinmetz, Georg 464
Stendhal (Marie Henri Beyle) 457
Steuco, Agostino 166
Stiozzi Ridolfi, Marquis 367
Stokes, Adrian 18
Stonypath (Scotland) (now Little Sparta) 503, 522, 523; 323, 324
Stoopendael, D. 165 n. 3; 163
Stourhead (Wiltshire) 344, 260; 213, 241
Stowe (Buckinghamshire), park 108, 231, 234, 235, 344, 446, 503, 523; 208, 236, 254, 523
Stra (Venice), Villa Pisani 152 n. 8; 149, 206
Strack, Heinrich 436
Strasbourg, Allée de Robertson (formerly Alleé des Pêcheurs) 309
Strauss, Cristoforo 195
Strong, Sir Roy 104
Strutt, Joseph 378
Stuart, James 277
Studley Royal (North Yorkshire) 503; 301
Stürmer, J.H. 401
Stuttgart 277, 300, 454, 455; 450, 463
garden of Max Planck Institute 523
Solitude 300, 301; 300
Subisati, Sempronio 198
Sulzer, Johann Georg 301
Sustris, F. 63
Sutherland, Duke of 516
Sutton Place (Surrey) 516; 516, 517
Switzer, Stephen 14
Sydney 408
Syracuse, gardens of Landolina 350
Taegio 53
Tagliolini, A. 53, 58 n. 18
Taine, Hippolyte 281
Tassi, Agostino 92
Taut, Bruno 415, 419; 417, 452
Taylor, Christopher 479
Tempesta, Antonio 92
Ter Hooge (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Tessin, Nicodemus 178
Tetley, John 503; 502
Teyssèdre, B. 528
Theobalds Park (Hertfordshire) 104
Theophrastus 47, 81
Thèvenin 340, 341
Thierry, Jean 198, 200
Thijsse, Jacob P. 507
Thoma, Hans 411
Thorp (surveyor) 214
Thouin, Gabriel 367, 368, 377; 18
Thrope, J.R. 522
Tietz, Ferdinand 151, 188, 189; 189, 190
Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti) 86; 85
Titon du Tillet 247
Tivoli (Rome) 40, 56, 91, 248, 316, 337
Hadrian’s Villa 40, 54
Sybil’s Temple 233, 341
Villa d’Este 37, 38, 41, 42, 84, 92, 158, 239, 340, 528; 26, 43, 53, 476
Toeput, L. 106
Tolomei, Claudio 53, 57, 94
Tomasini, P. 81
Torelli (stage designer) 243
Torres, E. 355, 439
Torrigiani, Pietro, Marchese 367
Toulouse (Haute Garonne) 308, 309, 316 n. 44; 306
Botanical Gardens 308
Royal Garden 308
Touraine, Cardinal Richelieu’s garden 169
Tournier, Michel 529
Tourny, Louis, Marquis de 309
Tours (Indre-et-Loire) 309
Trehet, Johann 196
Tresmes, château 131
Trezza (engineer) 107
Tribolo (Niccolò di Raffaello de’ Pericoli) 41, 96
Triffon, Gabriele 47
Triggs, H.I. 481
Trissino (Vicenza), Villa Trissino da Porto, today Marzotto 147, 151; 153
Troili, Giulio 320; 320
Trompenburg (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Trudaine, Daniel Charles 125
Tsaritsyno (near Moscow) 277, 278, 333; 273
Tschumi, Bernard 505
Tugwell, Rexford 513, 515
Turin 312
Turner, Joseph Mallord William 472
Turner, Richard 427
Twickel (Netherlands) 165 n. 4
Uhland, Johann Ludwig 436
Ulm (Baden-Württemberg) 161; 161, 162
Umbdenstock, Gustave 399
Unwin, Raymond 439
Urteaga, Luis 286, 290 n. 11, n. 12, n. 16
Utens, Giusto 12; 39, 48
Vaccaro, Domenico Antonio 147
Valadier, Giuseppe 367
Valckenborch, Lucas van 86
Valduggia (Piedmont) 167
Valencia 459; 492
Valléry (Yonne), gardens 100, 101
Valsain (Segovia), palace 198, 200
Valsanzibio (Padua), Villa Barbarigo 185, 187; 120, 185, 186, 187
Vanbrugh, Sir John 254, 527
Van Campen, Jacob 163
Vanenburg (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Vanvitelli, Carlo 327
Vanvitelli, Luigi 281, 327, 328, 329; 327, 328
Varé (landscape gardener) 392
Varro, Marcus Terentius 47
Vasari, Giorgio 96
Vasi, Giuseppe 30, 56
Vatican, Belvedere Court 40, 42, 44, 50, 54, 92, 93, 195; 41, 45, 50
Casino of Pius IV 41
Vauban, Sébastien le Prestre de 143, 308
Vaucluse 38
Vaudoyer, A.T.L. 402
Vaux, C. 356
Vaux-le-Pénil, garden 449
Vaux-le-Vicomte (Seine-et-Marne), gardens 136, 145 n. 56, 328, 447, 474; 115, 137, 475
Veitshöchheim (Würzburg) 188, 189, 190; 122, 188, 189, 190, 191
Venice 58 n. 37, 107, 163, 175, 321 n. 2
Ventimiglia (Imperia) 457
Venturini, Giovanni Francesco 43, 53
Vera, André 449, 460; 407, 462
Vera, Paul 449, 460
Vergnaud, Nicolas 367, 368; 363
Verità (architect) 106
Vernet, Claude-Joseph 331; 309
Verneuil (Oise), château 101, 102; 101, 102
Vernière, Paul 286
Versailles (Yvelines) 125, 140, 145 n. 56, 189, 195, 200, 244, 247, 248, 249, 281, 293, 294, 295, 297, 308, 309, 313, 314, 316, 323, 327, 328, 340, 366, 403, 446, 447, 525, 528; 110, 115, 138, 174, 449
Menagerie 172, 173, 174, 178; 172, 173
Trianon 172, 301, 340; 267, 477
Viart, Amédée de 368; 369
Vicenza, Palazzo Thiene 107, 171 n. 9
Victor Emanuel II, King of Italy 366
Victoria, Crown Princess of Prussia 436
Vidler, Anthony 274, 276
Vienna 59, 293, 297, 364
Albertina 196
Belvedere 174
Favorite auf der Wieden 294
Menagerie 294
Neugebäude 62
Prater pleasure-gardens 486
Schönbrunn 174, 195, 196, 294; 195, 196, 197
Vignola, Giacomo Barozzi 54, 56, 91, 92, 318
Vigodarzere, Antonio, Cavalière 367; 364
Villandry (Indre-et-Loire) 528
Villani, Giovanni 239 n. 5
Villanueva, Juan de 281, 288
Villars, Louis 363
Ville, A. de 136, 139, 143 n. 20
Villefranche (Alpes-Maritimes), Villa Sylvia 458; 458
Villepreux (Yvelines), château 130, 131
Villoresi, Luigi 364
Vincennes 172, 174; 132
Vingboons, Philips 163
Vinta, Cavalier 67 n. 3
Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène-Emmanuel 76
Virgil (Publius Virgilius Maro) 94, 231, 256
Virschow, Doctor 437
Vitale, S. 99
Viterbo 91
cathedral 93
della Rocca fountain 91
Palazzina Gambara 92, 93, 94
Porta Faul 91
Santa Maria della Quercia 92, 94
Vitruvius Pollio 37, 53, 69, 74, 88, 90, 103, 104, 105 n. 10, 107, 265
Vittoria, Alessandro 171 n. 9
Vittorino da Feltre 37
Vivant Denon, Dominique 247, 269, 270, 273, 270
Vivit, A. 47, 50
Vogeler, Heinrich 419
Voisin, Roch 176
Voisins (Yvelines), park 447; 447
Voit, August von 427
Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet) 338, 446
Vredeman de Vries, Johan 84, 103, 160; 103, 104
Vredeman de Vries, Paul 103
Vuillermoz, E. 450 n. 8
Wagner, Martin 415, 416, 419; 412, 417
Wagner, Peter 188, 189
Waldershare Park (Kent) 278
Walibi Park (Belgium) 483; 491
Walpole, Horace 238, 239, 243, 260 n. 18, 269
Warchavchik, Gregori 519
Warmond (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Warsaw 270
Mniejszy Palace 269; 270, 271
Warton, Joseph 235, 237 n. 17
Washington, DC 408, 513, 514
Washington Monument 402
Washington, George 349
Watelet, Claude-Henry 244, 341, 359, 360, 366, 399
Watteau, Jean Antoine 243, 248, 306, 332, 411, 474; 245
Weigle (architect) 463
Weiller, Monsieur 449
Weimar 302, 303
gardens of Ilmauen 304
Luisenkloster 301
Weiner, Domenico 195
Weise, Gotthelf Wilhelm 226
Weldam (Netherlands) 165 n. 2
Welsby, Chris 499; 499
Weston, Sir Richard 516, 518
Wharton, Edith 459, 477; 476
Whately, Thomas 235, 238, 260 n. 19, 344, 359
Whitman, Walt 439
Wilhelm IX, Landgrave (Elector Wilhelm I) 319
Wilhelmina Frederika Sophia von Hohenzollern 298
Wilhelmshaven (Lower Saxony) German naval cemetery 411
Rüstringen park 415
War cemetery 415
William I, Kaiser 318, 435
William III of Orange 163, 178, 179
Wilton (Wiltshire), park 333
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim 359
Wollen, Peter 499
Woodbridge, Kenneth 125; 110
Wordsworth, William 256, 346
Wörlitz (Halle), gardens 274, 277, 302, 304
Worpswede (Bremen), Siedlerschule 419
Wright, Thomas 280 n. 33
Württemberg, Carl Eugen, Duke of 277, 300
Würzburg (Bavaria) 293
Wyatville, Sir Jeffry 428
Young, Arthur 312, 313, 314, 323, 349; 302
Zangheri, Luigi 67 n. 6
Zaramella, Radames 11; 139
Zarizino, Moscow, park 277, 278, 339; 273
Zeist (Netherlands), Castle 164; 165
Zola, Emile 398 n. 2, 428
Zola Predosa (Bologna), Villa Albergati 361
Zordan, F. 58 n. 9
Zorgvliet (Netherlands) 163, 164
Zorzi, Francesco 106
Zuccalli, Enrico 295, 297
Zug, Szymon Bogumil 269, 270, 274; 270, 271
Index of people and places
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