Indexes
GENERAL INDEX
The Collège des Quatre Nations is cited within other index headings as Mazarin’s Collège. An index of Le Vau’s library inventory follows the general index.
Académie Royale d’Architecture, 56, 70, 71, 97, 100, 106–7, 115, 139, 210n.35
Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, 56
Agricola, Georg, 102, 118
Alberti, Leone Battista, 102, 163
Aleaume, Jacques, 102, 170
Alexander VII, Pope, 47, 90, 176n.2
tomb of, 33, 135
Amalteo, Ascanio, 176n.3
Androuet Ducerceau, Jacques the Elder, 4, 99, 102, 149, 162, 167
Androuet Ducerceau, Jacques the Younger, library of, 99, 203n.26
Anne of Austria, 8, 24, 94, 136
and Mazarin, 10, 11, 24, 26, 30, 183n.54
Ariosto, Lodovico, 102, 172
Augustus, 200n.107
mausoleum of, 89, fig. 83
Babelon, Jean-Pierre, 203n.25
Baglione, Giovanni, 103, 169
Barberini, Cardinal Antonio, 9–10
Barberini, Taddeo, 9
Barberini circle, 2, 9, 19
Baroque style, 2, 6, 19, 49, 128
and Le Vau, 6, 26, 60, 67, 103, 133, 175n.1
and Mazarin, 2, 7, 19–20, 28, 30, 184nn. 61, 63
Beaumont, château of, 120, 123, 212n.53
Beaumont foundry, 7, 108–9, 116–25, 127, 129, 210n.45, 211n.43, 212nn. 50, 52–53, 212–13n.54, 213nn. 56–58, 214nn. 61, 63, 215n.70
Belleforest, François de, 102, 156
Benedetti, Elpidio, 97, 177n.7, 184n.63
and Bernini, 32–33, 97, 136, 140, 187n.2, 218–19n.5
catafalque for Anne of Austria, 136, fig. 102
catafalque for Mazarin, 136, fig. 101
Spanish Steps, project for, 97, 136–38, 140–43, 219n.5, fig. 103
tomb of Mazarin, projects for, 33–34, 134–38, fig. 98100
Bernini, Gianlorenzo, 2, 6, 78, 134
and Benedetti, 32–33, 97, 136, 140, 187n.2, 218, 19n.5
Bourbon mausoleum, design for, 68
and Colbert, 208n.18, 217n.6
Four Rivers Fountain, 90
and the Louvre, 56, 78, 82, 118, 128–29, 131, 208n.18, fig. 72
and Mazarin, 136, 186n.76
and Mazarin’s Collège, 7, 47, 63, 78–82, 90–91, 133
and Mazarin’s tomb, 20, 32–33, 134, 136
Piazza Navona, 90, fig. 85
Piazza San Pietro, 47, 90–91, fig. 86
Ponte Sant’Angelo, 188n.14
and Saint Peter’s Basilica, 90–91
Santa Maria dell’Assunzione, 78, 200n.110
Sant’Andrea al Quirinale, 60, 63, 78, fig. 48
tomb of Alessandro Valtrini, 84
tomb of Alexander VII, 33, 135
tomb of Cardinal Pimentel, 135
tomb of Maria Raggi, 84, 135
and tomb of Richelieu, 195n.74
tomb of Urban VIII, 33, 135. SEE ALSO Le Vau, Louis, and Bernini
Besch, Abraham, 121, 213n.58, 214n.63
Besson, Jacques, 102, 161
Bibliothèque Mazarine, 14, 17–19, 53–55, 56, 109, 147, 183n.54, figs. 27, 36–37
and library of Palais Mazarin, 17–18, 53
location of, 36–37, 53
public access to, 17, 19, 54, 193nn. 49–50. SEE ALSO Collège des Quatre Nations; Mazarin, Cardinal Jules, library of
Bié, Jacques de, 101, 153
Biringuccio, Vannoccia, 102
Bissaro, Father Angelo, 11, 39, 178n.15
Blondel, François, 70–71, 122, 200n.104
Blondel, Jacques-François, 4, 44, 48, 84, 194n.66
Blondet, Etienne, 113, 115, 122, 209n.30, 210n.39, 214n.61
Blunt, Anthony, 2, 175n.2, 194n.62, 195n.73
Boillot, Joseph, 102, 164
Boissard, Jean-Jacques, 102, 164
Bonney, Richard, 179n.27
Bordier, Jacques, 22
Borromini, Francesco, 2, 134
library of, 99, 203n.22;
Sant’Agnese, 60, fig. 39
Bosio, Antonio, 102, 160
Bosse, Abraham, 102, 104, 170
Bourbon dynasty, 8, 16
Bourbon mausoleum, 68, 70, 72, fig. 68
Boyceau de La Baraudière, Jacques, 103, 161
Braham, Allan, 199n.102
Braun, Georg, 102, 160
Brice, Germain, 189–90n.18, 200n.104
Brockliss, Laurence, 182n.48, 183n.52
Brosse, Salomon de, 4, 93, 97
Coulommiers, 57
library of, 99, 203n.25
Palais du Luxembourg, 4, 93
Bullant, Jean, 103–4
Calepinus, Ambrosius, 101, 152–53
Candiani (prospective Louvre architect), 78
cannon foundries. SEE gun foundries
Castellamonte, Amedeo di, library of, 99
Chambray. SEE Fréart de Chambray, Roland
Champion, Antoine, 117, 210–11n.42
Chantelou. SEE Fréart de Chantelou, Paul
Charles V, 42
Chartier, Roger, 101, 183n.52
Chastillon, Claude, 102, 161
Chavigny, count of (Léon Bouthillier), 185n.72
Choisy, abbé de (François Timoléon), no, 178n.15, 179n.27
church and the state, relationship of, 28–30, 186n.78
Classicism, 2, 4, 6, 7, 143, 194n.65
classical orders, 4–5, 103–5, figs. 8990
and Colbert, 4, 7, 128, 133
and d’Orbay, 143
and Le Vau, 6, 7, 26, 27, 61, 96, 106, 133
and Mazarin, 19, 20
Clément, Pierre, 193n.53, 217n.8
Circus Maximus, 90
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, 13–14, 22, 85, 127, 133, 210n.35
and the arts, 6, 7, 56–57
as chief minister, 14, 42, in, 127
as a classicist, 4, 7, 128, 133
and the grande académie, project for, 56, 193n.53
industrial campaign of, 109, 117, 119–21, 212–13n.54, 215n.70
and the Louvre, 7, 34, 127, 128–30, 217n.7
and Mazarin, 13, 23, 24, 33–34, 179n.27, 185n.72, 185n.76, 188nn. 9, 11
and Mazarin’s Collège, 2, 15, 33–34, 37–42, 49, 71, 76, 109, 110–13, 125, 127, 128, 139, 144, 188n.11, 193n.53, 195n.71, 196n.84, 198n.94, 205n.14, 207n.11, 208nn.22, 25
and Mazarin’s tomb, 68, 70, 196n.75
as patron, 128, 217n.1
and Petit Conseil for the Louvre, 128–29, 130, 133
and Versailles, 7, 130, 217n.8. SEE ALSO Le Vau, Louis, and Colbert
Collège des Quatre Nations, 2, 6, 9, 32–91, 104, 106, figs. 1, 17, 19, 2428, 30, 3235, 38, 40, 44, 62, 65, 76, 80, 82
and Bernini, 7, 47, 78–82, 90–91
building committee for, 37–38, 40–42, 49, 70, 109, no, 187n.1, 196n.84, 205n.14
construction history of, 45, 76–78, 83, 112–14, 196n.84, 197n.85
courtyards of, 34, 36, 42, 48–49, 51–53, 54, 67, 84, 87, 193n.50
decorative program of, 4, 83–85, 197n.93
facade, 42, 43, 53, 56, 61, 76, 90
facade inscription, 84, 85, 199n.101
facade pediment, 84–85, 198n.97, 198–99n.98, 199n.99, fig. 76
financing and cost of, 42, 49, 51, 89, 109–16, 124, 127, 193–94n.57, 198n.94, 204–5n.3, 205n.4, 206nn. 8, 10, 207nn. 11–12, 15, 207–8n.18, 208n.22
and French châteaux, 4, 43, 57–59, 194n.60
as Institut de France, 187n.1
and Le Vau, 2, 4, 6–7, 14, 28, 33–34, 41, 85, 96, 107, 112, 207n.11, 208nn. 22, 25
Le Vau’s first design for (1657), 34, 48, 188n.1 1, 217n.6
Le Vau’s second design for (1660), 34–37, 38, 61, 85, 189n.13, figs. 17, 19
Le Vau’s third design for (1662), 42–60, 61, 144–48, figs. 2022, 24
Le Vau’s fourth design for (1664), 51, 86–87, fig. 80
and the Louvre, 2, 32, 34–36, 42, 43, 45, 47–48, 53, 56, 61, 63, 64, 85–87, 90–91, 108, 110–12, 128, 188n.10, 193n.56, 207n.11
Mazarin’s bequest to, 2, 7, 14, 18, 109–10, 112, 180n.29, 183n.55, 205n.3
Mazarin’s conception of, 7, 14, 30–31, 32, 183n.51
name of, 14–16, 19, 181n.39
and Palladio, 59–60
Pavillon des Arts, 55–57, 193nn. 52–54, fig. 38
Place Mazarine, 54, 56, 87–91, 147–48, 193n.56, 200nn. 105–7
Quai Mazarin, 36, 42, 45–48, 53, 84, 86, 87, in—12, 114, 145, 191n.34, 199–200n.104, 206nn. 8–9, 207nn. 11, 14, 208n.20, 209n.28
and Rainaldi, 20, 33–34, 188n.6
renovation of, 187n.1, 196n.75, 200n.105, 219n.8
and rental houses, 51, 89, 109, 114, 115, 116, 124, 126, 147–48, 205n.4, 206n.8, 208n.20, 209n.30, 209–10n.34, 210n.39, 216n.82, fig. 31
and Roman architecture, 2, 4, 7, 32, 57–59, 67, 76, 78–82, 83, 87, 194n.60
as a royal institution, 2, 16, 18–19, 31, 32, 71, 83, 86, no, 112, 197nn. 92, 94
and sewers on site of, 42, 111–12, 206nn. 8–9, 207nn. 11, 14
shops in, 56, 109, 147, 193n.56, 205n.4
site for, 32, 34, 37–42, 45–46, 108, 110–11, 144, 145, 187n.3, 188n.10, 190n.19, 190–91n.26, 205n.9, 206–7n.10
and Theatines, 39–40, 190n.24. SEE ALSO Bibliothèque Mazarine; Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, and Mazarin’s Collège; Collège des Quatre Nations, church of; Collège des Quatre Nations, riding academy of; Louis XIV, and Mazarin’s Collège; Mazarin’s tomb; Seine, the, and Mazarin’s Collège; Sorbonne, rectors of, and Mazarin’s Collège
Collège des Quatre Nations, church of, 19, 37, 39–40, 60–83, 128, 139, 146–47, 193n.5°’ 195nn. 68, 70, 71, 72, figs. 4547. 4954, 5758, 62, 6467, 6971
and Bernini, 63, 133, decorative program of, 84–85, 196n.78, 197–98n.94, 198nn. 95, 97, 198–99n.98, 199n.99
dome of, 4, 60, 61–63, 68, 70, 71–76, 78, 83, 146–47, 194n.66, 196n.81, 198n.94, 199n.101
facade (temple front), 42, 43, 49, 55, 60, 61, 68, 71, 72, 76, 86, 146, 194n.65, figs. 62, 6465
Le Vau’s designs for, 60, 64, 71–76, 78, 84, 89, 146–47, 195n.70, 196nn. 80–82, 198n.95, 198–99n.98, figs. 62, 6467, 6971
public nature of, 60–61, 63–64, 67, 68
restoration of, 187n.1, figs. 4546
and Saint Peter’s Basilica, 71, 199n.98
and Sorbonne church, 63, 68, 196n.82. SEE ALSO Mazarin’s tomb
Collège des Quatre Nations, riding academy of, 14, 16–17, 40, 109, 145, 182n.48, 183n.52, 192n.43
location of, 40, 49, 55, 192n.42. SEE ALSO riding academies
Collège du Cardinal Lemoine, 41–42, 207n.15
Collège Royal de France, 16, no, 191n.27
Colonna, Francesco, 102, 170
Compagnie du Nivernais, 122. SEE ALSO Beaumont foundry
Condé, Prince de (Henri II), 12
Condé, Prince de (Grand Condé; Louis II Bourbon), 178n.11
Coquerel, sieur de, 176n.3
Cortona. SEE Pietro da Cortona
Cosnac, Gabriel-Jules, Comte de, 180n.29
Cotte, Robert de, 133, 145
project for a plaza, 71, fig. 61
Coysevox, Antoine, tomb of Cardinal Mazarin, 139, fig. 105
Cruyl, Lieven, 98
Dalliez de La Tour, Samuel, 121–24, 213n.58, 214nn. 59, 61–62, 216n.78
Dee, John, library of, 202n.18
Delorme, Philibert, 4, 97, 102, 103, 106–7, 163
Palais des Tuileries, 104
Desargues, Girard, 103
Descartes, René, 102, 171
Desjardins, Martin, 198n.94
Dessert, Daniel, 12, 179n.19
Dezallier d’Argenville, Antoine Joseph, 175n.2
Dogen, Mattias, 102, 165
d’Orbay, François. SEE Orbay, François d’
Ducerceau. SEE Androuet Ducerceau, Jacques the Elder; Androuet Ducerceau, Jacques the Younger
DuFresne du Cange, Charles, 197–98n.94
Dulong, Claude, 179n.21
Dumont, Jean, 177n.11
Dupérac, Etienne, 36, 96, 102, 166–67, 188n.14
Dupleix, Scipion, 102, 155
education, 16–17, 181n.44, 182nn. 48, 49, 183n.52. SEE ALSO Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, and the grande académie, project for; Collège des Quatre Nations, Mazarin’s conception of; Collège des Quatre Nations, Pavillon des Arts; Collège Royal de France; riding academies; Sorbonne; University of Paris
Erlande-Brandenburg, Alain, 28, 199n.102
Errard, Charles, Eglise d’Assomption, 194n.65
Ferrerio, Pietro, 102, 167
Fontainebleau, 23, 93
Fontana, Domenico, 90, 102, 161
Fontenelle, Bernard le Bouyer de, 193n.53
fossé de Nesle, 111, 206n.9, 207n.10
Fossier, François, 145, 148
Foucault, Joseph, 70–71, 196n.77
Fouquet, Nicolas, 14, 22, 25–26, 37, 101, 179n.19
arrest of, 13–14, 42, 127
patronage of, 26, 28
Francine, Alexandre (Alessandro Francini), 99, 102, 163
François I, 16, 189n.13
Franklin, Alfred, 181n.39, 187n.1
Fréart de Chambray, Roland, 19, 103, 105, 129, 194n.62
Fréart de Chantelou, Paul, 19, 47, 82, 108–9, 114, 128–29, 130, 197n.91, 209n.31, 217n.7
Fronde, the, 10, 12, 21, 23, 31, 68, 179nn. 19, 21, 183nn. 53, 54, 186n.76
Gomont, Jean de, 38, 39, 40–42, 47, 49, 51, 70, 76, 109–10, 112, 113–14, 115–16, 144, 191n.34, 195n.72, 196n.75, 208nn. 22, 25–26
Grafton, Anthony, 181n.44
Grimaldi, Gian Francesco: catafalque for Mazarin, 136, fig. 101
Spanish Steps, designs for, 140
Guarini, Guarino: and Le Vau, 82–83
Sainte Anne-la-Royale (church of the Theatines), 30, 65, 72, 82–83, fig. 56
Guénégaud, Henri de, 145, 206–7n.14
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri), 184n.60
gun foundries, 117, 118–19, 122, 212n.51, 214n.59, fig. 92. SEE ALSO Beaumont foundry
Guichard, Henri, 216nn. 73, 78
Guillain, Augustin, library of, 99
Gutton, André, 187n.1, 196n.75, 200n.105
Hadrian, 36, 188n.14
mausoleum of, 36
Hapsburg dynasty, 8
Hardouin-Mansart, Jules, 133, 139, 144
library of, 100
tomb of Mazarin, 71, 196n.79, fig. 105
Versailles, Cour de Marbre, 198n.97
Haro, Don Luis de, 10
Harvey, Gabriel, library of, 202n.18
Hautecoeur, Louis, 187n.1, 194n.60, 199n.102, 217n.8
Henri III, 182n.47
Henri IV, 16, 22, 23, 179n.26, 182n.47
Henrietta-Maria, 8, 180n.33
Herrera, Juan de, library of, 99
Hesselin, Louis, 94
Hogenberg, Franz, 102, 160
Horace, 101, 172
Hôtel Bautru, 108
Hôtel de Lionne, 133
Hôtel de Longueville, 94, 122, 123, fig. 88
Le Vau’s study in, 94–96, 144
Hôtel de Nevers, 111, 206n.10
Hôtel Lambert, 7, 133, 216n.75
Hôtel Mazarin, 20
Hôtel Tambonneau, 113
Hôtel Tubeuf, 30, 186n.76
Huygens, Christiaan, 122
Île Saint-Louis, 93, 113, 114–15, 116, 118, 123, 200n.1, 201n.5, 216n.75
Innocent X, Pope, 47, 90
Invalides, Hôpital and Dôme of, 71, 198n.94
Jacob, Père Louis, 98
Jardine, Lisa, 181n.44
Jestaz, Bertrand, 28
Jesuits, 9, 15, 16, 40, 90, 189n.15, 194n.67
Joly, Claude, 178n.15
Jones, Inigo, 105
church at Covent Garden, 198n.97
library of, 96, 100, 204n.32
Jousse, Mathurin, 102, 167–68
Julius II, Pope, 195n.74
Klaiber, Susan, 195n.69
Labacco, Antonio, 102, 164
Lafrère, Antoine, 100, 102, 160
La Hire, Nicolas de, 122
Laisné, abbé Henri, 123–24, 216n.78
Laisné, Jacques, 94
Laisné, Jeanne (wife of Le Vau), 94, 122, 201n.7, 210n.37
Lambert, Jean-Baptiste, 115, 216n.75
Lambert, Nicolas, 126, 216n.75
Lambert, Simon, 113, 115–16, 145, 146, 208n.20, 209nn. 30–31, 216n.82
La Meilleraye, duc de. SEE Mazarin, duc de
Lamoignon, Guillaume de, 37, 145
Landon, Charles Paul, 45, 175n.1
La Noue, François de, 182n.49
Laprade, Albert, 6, 70, 143, 201n.8, 202n.16
Latourette, Jean de, 174
Laurain-Portemer, Madeleine, 19, 20, 184nn. 61, 63
Lauro, Giacomo, 102, 167
Le Brun, Charles, 129, 198n.94
and the Louvre, 5–6, 129, fig. 2
Vaux-le-Vicomte, 198n.97
Le Brun, Gabriel, Allegory of Peace between Spain and France, 8, 176n.3, fig. 4
Le Fouyn, François, 145
Legoux, Paul, 123–24, 216n.78
Legrand, Jacques Guillaume, 45, 175n. 1
Le Hongre, Étienne, 139, 197n.94
Lemaire, Jean, 94
Le Maistre, Nicolas, 176n.3
Lemercier, Jacques, 93, 97
church of the Sorbonne, 31, 68, 194n.65, 195nn. 73, 74, 196n.82, fig. 59
and Le Vau 93, 94
library of, 93, 98–99
and the Louvre, 4, 93, 131
as royal architect, 94, 99
Le Muet, Pierre, 22, 24, 97, 99, 102, 104, 122, 162
and Mazarin’s Collège, 33–34
and Palais Mazarin, 186n.76
Le Nôtre, André, 217n.8
Vaux-le-Vicomte and Versailles gardens, 119
Le Pas de Sécheval, Anne, 184n.60
Lepautre, Antoine, 97, 196n.78
project for a château, 57–59, fig. 42
Le Raincy, château of, 22, 86
Lesclache, Louis de, 102, 161, 170, 201n.2,
Lescot, Pierre, 4
and the Louvre, 131, 218n.9
Le Tellier, Michel, 37, 145
Le Vau, Anne (sister of Le Vau), 92, 94, 201n.6
Le Vau, Estiennette Louette (mother of Le Vau), 201n.6
Le Vau, François (brother of Louis Le Vau), 70, 102, 215n.64, 218n.13
and library of Louis Le Vau, 106, 204n.36
and the Louvre, 93
relationship with Louis Le Vau, 70, 92–93
and Rochefort, 117
Le Vau, Hélène (daughter of Le Vau), 122
Le Vau, Jeanne (daughter of Le Vau), 123, 216n.73
Le Vau, Louis: and Bernini, 7, 63, 78–83, 90–91, 94, 96, 97, 108, 114, 118, 126, 129, 130, 133, 197n.91, 218n.9
biography of, 93–94, 96–97
as building contractor, 7, 114–15, 124, 125, 133, 210n.39
and classical orders, 103–5, figs. 8991
and classical tradition, 6, 7, 26, 27, 61, 96, 106, 133
and Colbert, 7, 22–23, 24, 38, 94, 101, 108, 118, 120–22, 124, 126, 127, 128–29, 213nn. 57–58, 214nn. 61, 62, 217nn. 6–7
and d’Orbay, 6, 70, 94, 97–98, 100, 112, 130, 140, 144, 202n.16
finances of, 106, 114–17, 120, 122–26, 202n.16, 209nn. 30, 32, 210nn. 39, 45, 213n.56, 214n.62
and Guarini, 82–83
lawsuit and charges against, 7, 108–26, 127, 216n.82
and Lemercier, 93, 94
library of, 7, 36, 92–107, 149–50, 200nn. 107–8, 202n.20
library inventory of, 96, 98, 100–101, 149–75, 200n.108 (SEE ALSO Index of Le Vau’s Library Inventory)
and the Louvre (SEE Le Vau, Louis, Louvre designs and projects)
and Mansart, 67, 72, 76, 78, 92, 99, 104
and Mazarin, 94, 97, 101
and Mazarin’s College (SEE UNDER Collège des Quatre Nations)
and metal foundries, 7, 95, 102, 117–22, 215n.70 (SEE ALSO Beaumont foundry)
and Roman Baroque architecture, 2, 4, 7, 32, 57–59, 67, 76, 78–82, 83, 87, 96, 97, 194n.60
as royal architect, 2, 6, 24, 33, 78, 82, 94, 101, 108, 113, 114, 115, 117, 125, 126, 129
signature of, 92–93, 200n.1, fig. 87. SEE ALSO Beaumont, château of; Bibliothèque Mazarine; Collège des Quatre Nations; Hôtel Bautru; Hôtel de Lionne; Hôtel de Longueville; Hôtel Lambert; Hôtel Tambonneau; Île Saint-Louis; Le Raincy, château of; Le Vau, François; Seignelay, château of; Mazarin’s tomb; Vincennes, château of; Vaux-le-Vicomte, château of, and Le Vau; Versailles, château of, Enveloppe and Ménagerie
Le Vau, Louis, Louvre designs and projects, 6, 7, 78–83, 85–87, 114, 118, 217n.8, 218n.9, 218n.11, figs. 2, 17, 19, 7375, 7780, 9496
Colonnade, 4–6, 118, fig. 2
Cour Carrée and environs, 4, 82, 197n.90, figs. 7475
Cour Carrée, east wing, 63, 78–82, 118, 129, fig. 78
—, entry vestibule, 63, 85–86
—, facade, 6, 131
Cour Carrée, south (river) wing, 5
—, central pavilion, 37, 84, 86, 131, figs. 77, 79
—, first version, 82, 130–31, fig. 94
—, revised version, 5–6, 84, 93, 130–33, 218n.13. figs. 9596
Cour Carrée, west wing, 87
foundation plan, 78, 82, 86, 118, 127, 128, 129, fig. 74
Pavillon de l’Horloge chapel, 198n.94
Le Vau, Louise (daughter of Le Vau), 123
Le Veau, Louis (father of Le Vau), 92–93, 115, 209n.33
libraries, 17, 98, 99, 192–93n.48, 203n.19
of architects, 7, 93, 96, 98–100, 150, 203n.24
in Europe, 17, 98
in the Palazzo Barberini, 53
in Paris, 17, 56, 98
Royal Library, 98, 183n.54. SEE ALSO Bibliothèque Mazarine; Le Vau, library of; Mazarin, Cardinal Jules, library of
Livy, 101, 156
Lomazzo, Giovanni Paolo, 103, 169
Loménie de Brienne, Louis-Henri de, 11, 176n.2, 17n.14
Longhi, Martino the Younger, Santissimi Vincenzo ed Anastasio, 184n.59
Longueil, René de, 22
Loret, Jean, 101, 158, 176n.3, 177n.6
Louis XIII, 10, 11, 12, 23, 90, 93, 113, 178n.12, 180n.33
Louis XIV, 2, 5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 24, 37, 126, 127, 129, 130, 143, 176n.1, 178n.12, 180n.32, 185n.73, 190–91n.26
as Apollo, 26
as Apollo, Master of Time, 85, 198n.97
marriage of, 8, 9, 136
and Mazarin’s Collège, 2–3, 32, 42, 45, 46, 48, 84–85, 89, 91, 100, 111–12, 148, 190–91n.26, 191n.34, 192n.43, 207n.10
and Nec Pluribus Impar, 84
and Saint Louis, 197–98n.94
as Sun King, 31, 49, 78, 84–85, 89, 200n.107. SEE ALSO Mazarin, Cardinal Jules, and Louis XIV; royal entry of 1660
Louvois, Marquis de (François-Michel Le Tellier), 71, 139
Louvre, Palais du, 4–5, 8, 11, 34, 71, 94, 99, 189n.13, 201n.8, figs. 17, 19, 2122, 7375, 80, 88
Colonnade, 2, 4–6, 129, 130, 131, 199n.104, figs. 23
Cour Carrée, 4, 36, 56, 71, 82, 85, 87, 129, 130, 218n.13, figs. 3, 25, 96
—, alignment with Mazarin’s Collège, 43, 46–47, 85
Cour Carrée, east wing, 6, 63, 78, 82, 86, 93, 118, 129, 131, 218n.9, figs. 72, 78
—, entry vestibule, 63, 85–86; —, facade, 6, 131, fig. 72
Cour Carrée, south (river) wing, 5, 6, 82, 130–31, 218n.9
—, facade, 5, 6, 82, 130–31, fig. 94
—, reconstruction of, 5, 6, 93, 129–33, 218n.13, figs. 9596
—, central pavilion, 37, 86, 131, figs. 77, 79
Cour Carrée, west wing, 87, 93, 131, 218n.13
Grande Galerie, 20, 36, 56
moat of, 86, 199n.104
Pavillon de l’Horloge, 93, 131, 198n.94
Pavillon du Roi, 218n.9
Petit Conseil for, 6, 128–29, 130, 133
square proposed for king’s guard, 34, 87, 217n.6. SEE ALSO Bernini, Gianlorenzo, and the Louvre; Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, and the Louvre; Collège des Quatre Nations, and the Louvre; Le Vau, Louis, Louvre designs and projects
Lucian of Samosata, 101, 171
Macé, Père Léon (Léon des Carmes), 11, 178n.12, 179n.28
Maderno, Carlo, library of, 99
Malingre, Claude, 101, 154
Mancini, Hortense, 13, 110
Mansart, François, 7, 24, 194n.65, 97, 217n.8
Berny, 57
Blois, 57, 72, 104, fig. 41
Bourbon mausoleum, design for, 68, 72, fig. 68
and classical orders, 104–5, figs. 8990
church of the Feuillants, 104, 200n.107
and Le Vau, 67, 72, 76, 78, 92, 99, 104
library of, 98, 99, 102, 203n.23
Maisons, 22, 104, 105, fig. 90
and Mazarin’s Collège, 33–34
Minimes facade, 198n.97
Palais Mazarin, 186n.76
Visitation Sainte-Marie, 60, 65–67, figs. 55, 89
Marder, Tod, 136
Maria Theresa, 8, 9, 24, 177n.11
Mariage, Simon, 113, 115–16, 124–26, 210nn. 37–39, 216n.82
Marolais, Samuel, 102, 165
Marot, Jean, 102, 167, 169, 170
Vincennes, triumphal arch, 27, fig. 10
Martin, Henri-Jean, 98–99
Maruscelli, Paolo, library of, 99
Mauclerc, Julien, 102, 162
Mazarin, duc de (Armand-Charles de La Porte), 13, 37–38, 110, 112
Mazarin, Cardinal Jules (Giulio Mazarini), 8–31, 38, 83–84, 104, 140–43, 177n.14, 182n.47, 186n.76
and Anne of Austria, 8, 10, 11, 24, 26, 30, 183n.54
and Bernini, 136, 186n.76
biography of, 9–10, 19, 177n.7
building projects of, 19–20, 30, 39, 97, 184n.59
as collector, 9, 11, 19, 21–22, 177n.14, 184nn. 61, 67
death of, 11–13, 26, 31, 37, 138, 178nn. 12, 15, 110, 179n.28, 183n.53
donation to the crown, 13, 14, 179n.27
exile of, 8, 9–10, 22
as first minister, 10, 13, 21, 31
inventory of, 12–13, 180n.31, 183n.54
and Le Vau, 94, 97, 101
library of (Palais Mazarin), 9, 17–19, 30, 53, 98, 100, 183n.53, 186n.76 202n.18
and Louis XIV, 11, 12, 13, 18, 26, 30, 31, 97, 136, 138, 140, 179n.27, 180n.29, 183n.54
patronage of, 7, 19–23, 26, 30, 31, 34, 184nn. 59, 61, 63
popularity of, 8–9, 10, 18, 68, 176n.3
and Richelieu, 9–10, 12, 21, 30, 31, 184n.60
and Roman art and artists, 2, 19, 28, 33–34, 183n.63
and Vincennes, 22, 23–30, 139
wealth of, 12–14, l8, 22, 23, 179nn. 19, 21, 183n.55, 185n.72
will of, 2, 11, 12–13, l8> 37–42, 179–80n.28, 180n.29, 187n.1, 189–90n.18, 190n.20, 208n.20. SEE ALSO Baroque style, and Mazarin; Bibliothèque Mazarine; Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, and Mazarin; Collège des Quatre Nations; Mazarin’s tomb
mazarinades, 10, 12, 177n.10
Mazarin’s Collège. SEE Collège des Quatre Nations
Mazarin’s Library. SEE Bibliothèque Mazarine; Mazarin, library of
Mazarin’s tomb, 19, 68–71, 76, 109, 134–39, 196n.79, 219n.8, fig. 105
alterations to, 219n.8, figs. 60, 105
and Benedetti’s projects for, 33–34, 134–38, figs. 98100
and Bernini, 20, 32–33, 134, 136
and Colbert, 68, 70, 196n.75
location of, 33, 60, 68, 83–84, 70–71, 139, 147, 187n.3, 195n.74, 196nn. 75, 77–79
and Saint Peter’s Basilica, 196n.80, 199n.98. SEE ALSO Collège des Quatre Nations, church of
McGinnis, Lawrence, 197–98n.94
Medici, Maria de, 110
Mercatoris, Gerardi, 100, 102, 159–60
Meurset de La Tour, 113–14, 146, 196n.84, 208nn. 23, 25
Mignon, Jacques, 216n.78
Monsieur, SEE Orléans, Philippe, due d’
Montaigne, Michel de, 96, 102, 157
Montano, Giovanni Battista, 102, 163
Napoleon Bonaparte, 187n.1
Naudé, Gabriel, 53
Neumann, Balthasar, 118–19, 126
Niceron, Père Jean-François, 102, 166
Noblet, Michel, 99, 207–8n.18, 209n.30, 210n.39
Noblet, Perceval, library of, 99
Ondedei, Zongo (bishop of Fréjus), 37
Orbay, François d’, 85, 195n.68, 198n.94, 218n.5, figs. 8, 46, 57, 65
and classicism, 143
and Le Vau, 6, 70, 94, 97–98, 100, 112, 130, 140, 144, 202n.16
library of, 100, 204n.33
and the Louvre, 130–31
and Roman buildings, drawings of, 71, 97
and Roman trip, 97, 100, 140–42, 202nn. 15–16
Spanish Steps, designs for, 97, 140–43, 202n. 15, figs. 1069
Orléans, Philippe, due d’, 24, 212n.53
Ovid, 20, 101, 156
Palais Bourbon, 190n.19
Palais Cardinal (Palais Royal), 14, 180n.33
Palais du Luxembourg, 4, 93, 110
Palais Mazarin, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 28, 30, 53, 177n.14, 185–86n.76. SEE ALSO Mazarin, Cardinal Jules, library of
Palazzo Bentivoglio, 30
Palazzo Mancini, 184n.59, 188n.6
Palladio, Andrea, 96, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 162, 194n.62, 202n.13
and Le Vau, 59–60
Villa Trissino at Meledo, 60, 105, fig. 43
Villa Badoer at Fratta Polesine, 60
Pantheon, Rome, 37, 86
Paradin, Claude, 101, 158
Pasquier, Étienne, 101, 154
Pastor, Ludwig von, 178n.11
Particelli, Michel, 22
Patin, Guy, 127
Peace of the Pyrenees, 8, 9, 10–11, 14–15, 19, 36, 97, 140, 176nn. 3, 4, 177–78n.11
Peace of Westphalia, 10, 14–15, 19, 177n.9
Pérouse de Móntelos, Jean-Marie, 163, 194n.67
Perrault, Charles, 70, 85, 128, 129, 176n.3, 193n.53, 215n.70
Mazarin’s Collège church, inscriptions on, 85, 199n.101
Versailles, grotto of Thetis, 198n.97
Perrault, Claude, 129
and the Louvre, 5–6, fig. 2
Pietro da Cortona (Pietro Berrettini), 2, 19, 20, 184n.60
library of, 99
Santa Maria della Pace, 49
Santissimi Martina e Luca, 60
Place des Vosges (Place Royale), 18, 34, 36, 38
Pliny the Elder, 101, 155, 200n.107
Plutarch, 101, 155
Pluvinel, Antoine, 182n.47
Pons Aelieus, 36, 188n.14
Pons Triumphans, 36, 188n.14, fig. 18
Pont de la Paix, 36, 42–43, 85, 145, 188n.14
Pont des Arts, 2, 43
Porte de Nesle, 34, 38, 41, 42, 49, 110, 111, 144, 145, 188n.10, 190n.18, 206nn. 9, 10, 209n.31, figs. 2123. SEE ALSO Collège des Quatre Nations, site for
Poussin, Nicolas, 6, 20, 97
Pratt, Roger, library of, 203n.24
Quai Malaquais, 39, 114, 209n.28
Quatremère de Quincy, Antoine Chrysosthôme, 4
Rabón, Pierre, 201n.8
Rainaldi, Carlo, 97, 195n.69
and Mazarin’s Collège, 20, 33–34, 188n.6
and Palazzo Mancini, 188n.6
Sant’Agnese, 60
Spanish Steps, designs for, 140, 142
Ratabon, Antioine de, 201n.8
Richelieu, Cardinal-duc de (Armand-Jean du Plessis), 12, 14, 22, 68, 191n.27, 177n.9
academies of, 17, 31, 182n.50, 183n.52
and arts program, 19, 184n.60
library of, 31, 98, 186n.77, 202n.18
and Mazarin, 9–10, 12, 21, 30, 31, 184n.60
and reconstruction at the Sorbonne, 31, 99
tomb of, 31, 68, 195n.74
riding academies, 17, 182n.47, 183n.52. SEE ALSO Collège des Quatre Nations, riding academy of
Ridolfi, Carlo, 103, 169
Ripa, Cesare, 199n.99
Romanelli, Giovanni Francesco, 184n.64
Galerie Mazarine, ceiling, 20, fig. 6
Roman influence on French architecture, 4, 19, 133. SEE ALSO Baroque style; Collège des Quatre Nations, and Roman architecture; Le Vau, and Roman Baroque architecture; Mazarin, Cardinal Jules, and Roman art and artists
Ronsard, Pierre de, 102, 158
Rossi, Filippo de, 36, 96, 98, 188n.14
royal entry of 1660, 8, 89, 176n.1
Royal Manufactory for Tin (Manufacture Royale de Fer Blanc), 117. SEE ALSO Beaumont foundry
Rubens, Peter Paul, 102, 161
Sacchi, Andrea, 19, 184n.60, 203n.20
Saint Denis, 68, 195n.74, 197n.94
Sainte Anne-la-Royale, 18, 30, 39, 65, 67, 72, 82–83, 128, fig. 56
Saint Germain des Prés, abbey of, 111, 206n.10
Saint Germain-en-Laye, 11, 23, 143
Saint Germain l’Auxerrois, 94, 87
Saint Michel-en-l’Herme, abbey of, 18, 205n.4
Saint Paul-Saint Louis, 56, 63, 90
Saint Peter’s Basilica, 71–72, 90–91, 97, 199n.98
San Carlo ai Catinari, 195n.73
Sant’Agnese, 32, 57, 60, fig. 39
Santa Maria della Pace, 32, 49, 57
Sant’Andrea al Quirinale, 32, 60, 63, 78, fig. 48
Santissimi Vincenzo ed Anastasio, 136, 184n.59
Sauvai, Henri, 206n.10
Savot, Louis, 103
Scaliger, Joseph, library of, 202n.18
Scamozzi, Vincenzo, 102, 162, 164
Schnapper, Antoine, 184n.61
Scudéry, Madeleine de, 101, 171, 173
Seignelay, château of, 22
Seine, the, 130, 192n.42, 217n.6
and Mazarin’s Collège, 2, 32, 37, 42, 46, 47–48, 49, 91, in, 145, 207n.14, fig. 28. SEE ALSO Collège des Quatre Nations, Quai Mazarin
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, 101, 157
Serlio, Sebastiano, 102, 103, 161, 163
Serres, Jean de, 101, 153
Sévigné, Marie de, 127
Silvestre, Israel, 98, 167, figs. 7, 24
view of Mazarin’s Collège, 42–43, fig. 24
Vincennes, 23, fig. 7
Sinson, Pierre and Charles, 122
Sixtus V, Pope, 90
Skippon, Philip, 49, 192n.41
Smith, E. Baldwin, 188n.14
Smith, Peter, 194n.65
Sorbonne, 31, 37, 39–40, 51, 61, 63, 181n.45, 191n.27, 192n.45, 194n.65, 195n.73, 198nn. 97–98, fig. 20
reconstruction of, 31, 99. SEE ALSO Lemercier, Jacques, Sorbonne church
Sorbonne, rectors of, 16, 38, 39–40, 42, 49, 51, 67, 89, 181n.45, 193n.50, 195nn. 71, 72
Spain, war with, 8, 10, 177nn. 9, 11
Spanish Steps (Steps on the Pincio), 97, 136–38, 140–43
Stevin, Simon, 102, 165
Sublet de Noyers, François, 19, 113
Sully, duc de (Maximilien de Béthune), 22, 179n.26
Tacitus, Publius Cornelius, 101, 156
Tanlay, château of, 22
Tassin, Nicolas, 102, 165, 168–69
Teti, Girolamo, 102, 103, 164
Theatines, 11, 30, 39, 60, 178n.15, 180n.29 190n.20
convent of, 39, 128
church of (Sainte Anne-la-Royale), 18, 30, 39, 65, 67, 72, 82–83, 128, fig. 56
and Mazarin’s Collège, 39–40, 190n.24
Thevet, André, 102, 154
Thiriot, Jean, library of, 99
Thoison, Charles, 94, 99, 112–13, 115–16, 122, 125, 145, 146, 201n.5, 208nn. 19–20, 209n.30, 210n.39, 216nn.75, 82
Thulden, Theodoor van, Allegory of the Alliance of Louis XIV and Philip IV of Spain, 176n.3
Tour de Nesle, 46, 113, 145, 206n.10, fig. 23
Trinità dei Monti, 97, 140
Tuby, Jean-Baptiste, tomb of Cardinal Mazarin, 139, fig. 105
Tuileries, 34, 38, 71, 104, 129, 131
University of Paris, 15–16, 17, 39–41, 42, 51, 111
four nations of, 16, 181n.41
Urban VIII, Pope, 9–10, 190n.24
tomb of, 33, 135
Urfé, Honoré d’, 102, 173
Val-de-Grâce, 63, 72, 194n.65
Valois mausoleum, 68, 70
Valperga, Maurizio, 40, 41, 138–39, 195n.69
catafalque for Mazarin, project for, 138, fig. 104
and Palais Mazarin, 186n.76
Sainte Anne-la-Royale, 39, 65, 67
Vasari, Giorgio, 103, 169
Vaux-le-Vicomte, château of, 78, 99, 112, fig. 15
and Fouquet, 14, 22, 28
and Le Vau, 6, 7, 14, 22, 27, 28, 57, 63, 72, 86, 133, 198n.97
Versailles, château of, 6, 23, 83, 201n.8, 198n.94
and Apollo and time, 198n.97
and Colbert, 7, 130, 217n.8
Enveloppe, 5, 6, 28, 129, 130, 133, fig. 97
grotto of Thetis, 198n.97
and Louis XIV, 130, 217n.8
Ménagerie, 129
Vigarani, Gaspare, 186n.76
Vignola, Giacomo Barozzi da, 99, 102, 103, 104
Sant’Anna dei Palafrenieri, 194n.67
Ville, Antoine de, 102, 165–66
Villedo, Michel, library of, 99
Villers-Cotterêts, chapel of, 194n.65
Vincennes, château of, 4, 8, 11, 113, 128, 178n.15, 185n.73, 191n.26, figs. 78, 1112, 14
King’s Pavilion (Pavillon du Roi), 24, 130
and Le Vau, 6, 24, 26–28, 130, 133, figs. 1214, 16
Louis XIII wing, 23, 24, 26
and Mazarin, 22, 23–30, 139
Queen’s Pavilion (Pavillon de la Reine), 24, 27, 130, fig. 16
Sainte Chapelle, 23, 24, 28
triumphal arch, 24–26, 143, figs. 910, 13, 16, 27
Virgil, 101, 171
Vitruvius, 102, 103, 161, 162, 163, 167
Vouet, Simon, 19, 97, 160
Vredeman de Vries, Hans, 102, 166
Winthrop, John, 212n.50
Wittkower, Rudolf, 218–19n.5
Wren, Christopher, 47
library, Trinity College, 55
Warin, Jean, 84
Whiteley, Mary, 199n.102
Yarranton, Andrew, 118
Yeray, Nicolas d’, library of, 99
INDEX OF LE VAU’S LIBRARY INVENTORY
This index lists authors of works inventoried in Le Vau’s library, as determined in Appendix D. Numbers provided are inventory numbers. Uncertain attributions are indicated by (?), and works by undetermined authors are listed under their inventory descriptions at the end of the index, in order of appearance.
Aedo y Gallart, Diego de, 73
Alberti, Leone Battista, 96
Aleaume, Jacques, 144
Amico, Père Bernardino, 127
Androuet Ducerceau, Jacques the Elder, 91, 128
Argoli, Andrea, 134
Ariosto, Lodovico, 163
Augustine, Saint, 4–5
Auxoles, Jacques d’, sieur de Lapeyre, 59
Avity, Pierre d’, seigneur de Montartin, 40
Baglione, Giovanni, 139, 140(?)
Bárbaro, Daniele, 99
Barbet, Jean, 145
Baudouin, Jean, 34
Becanus, Père Martinus, 7
Belleforest, François de, 43
Bertius, Pierre, 136
Besson, Jacques, 80
Bié, Jacques de, 24
Boillot, Joseph, 100
Boissard, Jean-Jacques, 102
Bolzani, Giovanni Pierio Valeriano, 51
Bosio, Antonio, 71
Boyceau de La Baraudière, Jacques, 82
Braun, Georg, 76
Calepinus, Ambrosius, 20
Calliste, Nicéphore, 16
Cardano, Girolamo, 120
Caus, Salomon de, 109
Cavalleri, Giovanni Battista, 148
Chalcondyle, Laonicus, 38
Chapelain, Jean, 31
Charron, Pierre, 157
Chastillon, Claude, 85
Chrystostom, Saint John, 11
Cock, Hieronymus, 106(?), 149(?)
Coëffeteau, Nicolas, 13
Colonna, Francesco, 150
Conti, Natale, 46
Costar, Abbé Pierre, 162
Cousin, Jean, 56
Cyrano de Bergerac, Savinien de, 187
Davila, Enrico Caterino, 25
Delorme, Philibert, 94–95
Descartes, René, 155
Dögen, Matthias, 112
Du Bartas, Guillaume de Saluste, 54
Du Breuil, Jean, 142
Du Chesne, André, 28, 37
Du Chesne, François, 27
Du Choul, Guillaume, 55
Du Laurens, André, 64
Dupérac, Étienne, 121
Dupleix, Scipion, 39
Duret, Noël, 133
Du Tillet, Jean, 23
Falda, Giovanni Battista, 146(?)
Ferrerio, Pietro, 125
Floris, Frans, 106(?)
Fontana, Domenico, 79
Francine, Alexandre (Alessandro Francini),
François de Sales, Saint, 14–15
Giorgio, Francesco, 52
Girard, Bernard de, 22
Girard, Étienne, 68–69
Godeau, Antoine, 18
Godefroy, Théodore, 26
Haly, Albohazen (Aboul Hasan Ali ibn Aboul Ridjal), 119
Hogenberg, Franz, 76
Horace, 161
Josephus, Flavius, 17
Jousse, Mathurin, 129
Labacco, Antonio, 103
La Calprenède, Gautier de Coste de, 186, 188
Lafreri, Antonius (Antoine Lafrère), 72
La Mothe Le Vayer, François de, 58
La Serre, Jean Puget de, 105(?)
Lauro, Giacomo, 122
Laymann, Père Paul, 8
Le Menestrier, Jean-Baptiste, 118(?)
Le Muet, Pierre, 88
Lesclache, Louis de, 77, 151–52
Lessius, Leonardus (Père Leonard Leys), 10
Livy, 44
Lomazzo, Giovanni Paolo, 141
Loret, Jean, 62
Lucian of Samosata, 153
Magini, Giovanni Antonio, 132
Malingre, Claude, 30
Marolois, Samuel, 110
Marot, Jean, 124, 143, 147
Martin, Jean, 83(?), 86
Mattioli, Pietro Andrea, 65
Mauclerc, Julien, sieur de Ligneron-Mauclerc, 90
Mercatoris, Gerardi, 70
Meteren, Emanuel van, 36
Montaigne, Michel de, 50
Montano, Giovanni Battista, 97
Néron, Pierre, 69
Niceron, Père Jean-François, 116
Origan, 131
Ortigue de Vaumorière, Pierre de’, 187
Ossat, Cardinal Arnaud d’, 48
Ovid, 47
Palladio, Andrea, 89
Paradin, Claude, 60
Paré, Ambroise, 63
Pasquier, Étienne, 29
Perez de Valentía, Jacob, 12
Petrus Apianus (Peter Benewitz), 115
Pliny the Elder, 41
Plutarch, 32
Prado, Jerónimo de, 2
Regnault, Père Valère, 9
Revesi Bruti, Ottavio, 117
Ridolfi, Carlo, 138
Ronsard, Pierre de, 57
Rubens, Peter Paul, 78
Sarpi, Paolo, 164
Scamozzi, Vincenzo, 87, 101
Scudéry, Madeleine de, 156, 184–85
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, 53
Serlio, Sebastiano, 83, 92–93
Serres, Jean de, 21
Silvestre, Israel, 123
Stevin, Simon, ni
Tacitus, Publius Cornelius, 49
Tassin, Nicolas, 107, 135
Teti, Girolamo, 104
Thevet, André, 33
Thomas Aquinas, Saint, 6
Turquet de Mayerne, Louis, 35
Urfé, Honoré d’, 189
Valdor, Jean, 42
Van Baerle, Kasper, 105(?)
Van den Noevel, Simon, 76
Vasari, Giorgio, 137
Vaugelas, Claude Favre de, 154
Villapando, Juan Bautista, 2
Ville, Antoine de, 113
Virgil, 158
Vitruvius, 84, 86, 90, 92, 126
Vouet, Simon, 74
Vredeman De Vries, Hans, 114
Yves de Paris, Père, 159–60
A Latin Bible, 1
A French Bible, 3
La Mere des Histoire, 45
Manuscript des Interest d’Espagne, 61
Le Coustumier general, 66
Le Code Henry Quatre, 67
Deux volumes de diverse piece tant anciene que moderne in folio, 75
Entrée du Roy Louys XIIIIem a Paris, 81
Trois volumes d’entrée dont une de Louis XIIIem et deux de Marie de Medicis dans Amsterdam, 105
Teatrum florae in folio, 108
Divers cartouches in folio, 130