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Jean Devisse
 
Devisse, Jean
Devisse, Jean
United States of America
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The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery”, Part 1: From the Demonic Threat to the Incarnation of Sainthood
When we embarked, years ago, on this investigation of the iconography of the black in Western medieval art, we had no idea of the unforeseen byways and unexpected depths to which it would lead us. The abundance and diversity of themes encountered necessitated the presentation of this volume in two parts. Were one to leaf through this book and sample the rich harvest of images without carefully...
The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery”, Part 1: From the Demonic Threat to the Incarnation of Sainthood
St. Maurice is a baffling personage. His historical existence is so doubtful that more than once the legitimacy of his cult has been vigorously contested ...
Description: The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to...
The second half of the eleventh century was a period during which the types of relations that had existed between western Europe and the Mediterranean and Eastern world were profoundly modified. The peoples of the West had lived in a closed economy. They had been sure of being right in religion and culture, in the midst of a world awash in error. All this gave way to a prolonged phase of...
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The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery”, Part 1: From the Demonic Threat to the Incarnation of Sainthood
The civilization of western Europe, like that of Byzantium and Islam, is at least in part a heritage from antiquity, but between the fifth and the ninth centuries Europe did not put this inheritance to use in the same way its neighbors did. As we shall see, differences in the total historical situation explain in large measure the wide range of attitudes with regard to the problems we are about to...
The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery,” Part 2: Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World
Africa and the Africans have not, until very recently, been in the forefront of Western man’s concerns. The study which is here brought to a close—incomplete as it still is—has revealed neither a real interest in the black world and its cultures nor an effort to capitalize on the knowledge gained of that world. One must look to reasons other than Africa’s existence as a...
The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery,” Part 2: Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World
The last quarter of the fifteenth century witnessed a fresh outbreak of representations of Africans. From then on the black is really “seen” and “translated” in various ways. This variety reflects the contradictions in which Europe was living. Except for the highly localized example of St. Maurice, the most traditional theme and the one most closely connected with the...
The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery,” Part 2: Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World
The second half of the fifteenth century saw the world change in several ways. Some of these changes were spectacular; others, deeper though less visible, foreshadowed economic, social, and political upheavals whose aftershock would be felt clear into the twentieth century. European relations with Africa and Africans became closer and more complex than anything known in the previous ten centuries....
The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery,” Part 2: Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World
The development of the image of the black in nonimperial Europe differed from the evolution we have so far studied. We have seen that in the empire the image developed mainly within the confines of heraldry and typology. The rest of Europe was traversed by two conflicting currents—the one traditional, with its stereotypes, the other realistic, with its concrete images derived from contact...
The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume II: From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery,” Part 2: Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World
The first part of this volume devoted a good deal of attention to the imperial areas of Europe, a procedure dictated by the iconographic evidences found both in the Carolingian sphere and in the Germanic Empire that followed. We have seen that a wealth of themes and myths grew up around the color black, the Aethiops, Prester John, the Queen of Sheba, and the Magi, and we followed the emergence and...